## Search found 42 matches

Fri Mar 16, 2018 2:21 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Quick conceptual question?
Replies: 1
Views: 278

### Quick conceptual question?

Why is the Gibbs free energy change of water boiling at 100 celsius equal to zero?
Thu Mar 15, 2018 5:09 pm
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: question 14.97
Replies: 1
Views: 342

### question 14.97

Question 14.97 is Use the data in Appendix 2B and the fact that, for the half-reaction F2(g) + 2 H^(+)(aq) + 2e -> S 2 HF(aq), E standard =3.03 V, to calculate the value of Ka for HF.How are we supposed to determine which half-reaction is the anode and which is the cathode? I don't understand why we...
Wed Mar 14, 2018 5:35 pm
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: Question 14.41 [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 1097

### Question 14.41[ENDORSED]

In question 14.41 part be you are given the concentration cell of H2, why is n=1 if the half reactions are are H2+2e -> 2H+. Shouldn't the n=2?
Tue Mar 13, 2018 2:30 pm
Forum: Reaction Mechanisms, Reaction Profiles
Topic: question 15.47
Replies: 4
Views: 275

### question 15.47

why is the Cl ion not included in the overall reaction, nor is it written as an intermediate in the solution manual. What happened to the Cl ion?
Mon Mar 12, 2018 3:53 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Balancing redox reactions in question 14.13
Replies: 2
Views: 207

### Balancing redox reactions in question 14.13

For part d of question 14.13, where you are asked to write the half reactions of (d) Au(+) → Au + Au(3+), how do we know that one of the half-reactions is Au → Au(3+) + 3e instead of Au(+) → Au(3+) + 2e. I assumed that both half reactions would begin with Au(+), how should I have known that one was ...
Mon Mar 12, 2018 2:12 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Reduction Potential [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 181

### Reduction Potential[ENDORSED]

If the reduction potential of Fe (2+) in [Fe (2+) + 2e → Fe] is -.44, does that mean that the reduction potential of Fe is positive .44. Or will the reduction potential of Fe also be -.44?
Sun Mar 11, 2018 3:46 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: standard cell potential
Replies: 1
Views: 160

### Re: standard cell potential

Because E is not a state function.
Sun Mar 11, 2018 3:42 am
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: change in entropy
Replies: 1
Views: 175

### Re: change in entropy

It depends on the entropy equation that is being used.
Sun Mar 11, 2018 3:39 am
Forum: Entropy Changes Due to Changes in Volume and Temperature
Topic: residual entropy
Replies: 2
Views: 476

### Re: residual entropy

Residual entropy is essentially the disorder of a molecule, near absolute zero, that is the result of it's different possible microstates. Whenever a question is given on residual entropy it is usually asking you to measure entropy through the amount of microstates in a molecule(s). I believe that h...
Mon Mar 05, 2018 4:04 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Are there any textbook problems involving pseudo reactions?
Replies: 1
Views: 203

### Are there any textbook problems involving pseudo reactions?

Are there any textbook problems involving pseudo reactions? I haven't been able to find one in the assigned homework and would like some practice. Any help would be appreciated.
Sat Mar 03, 2018 5:36 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Test 3
Replies: 2
Views: 237

### Re: Test 3

My TA said it's fair game because it's technically in the section.
Sat Mar 03, 2018 5:33 pm
Forum: Second Order Reactions
Topic: Non-integer orders [ENDORSED]
Replies: 3
Views: 290

### Re: Non-integer orders[ENDORSED]

My TA said that it's very likely not relevant to the problems that will be tested.
Sat Mar 03, 2018 5:31 pm
Forum: Zero Order Reactions
Topic: slope
Replies: 9
Views: 1399

### Re: slope

Whatever it takes to make k positive
Sat Mar 03, 2018 5:28 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: Half Lives
Replies: 2
Views: 235

### Re: Half Lives

Because decay is typically a first order reaction
Sun Feb 25, 2018 12:10 am
Forum: Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics Controlling a Reaction
Topic: kinetics
Replies: 5
Views: 464

### Re: kinetics

They both play a role in determining the extent of reactions
Sun Feb 25, 2018 12:06 am
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 8252
Views: 1444908

### Re: Post chem jokes here

Iron you glad I didn't say copper?
Mon Feb 19, 2018 3:40 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Half reaction of O3 to O2
Replies: 1
Views: 303

### Half reaction of O3 to O2

In question 14.5 the balanced half reaction for O3 (g) --> O2 (g) is H2O (l) + O3 (g) + 2e- --> O2 (g) + 2OH- (aq) . How are we supposed to know that it takes 2 elections to form O2. Where is the number 2 coming from?
Mon Feb 19, 2018 12:59 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Are we going to be given the periodic table for test 2?
Replies: 1
Views: 195

### Are we going to be given the periodic table for test 2?

Are we going to be given the periodic table for test 2?
Sat Feb 17, 2018 12:52 am
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Oxidizing vs. Reducing Agent
Replies: 7
Views: 429

### Re: Oxidizing vs. Reducing Agent

Oxidizing agents help substances oxidize by being reduced. The opposite is true for reducing agents.
Sat Feb 17, 2018 12:49 am
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Isolated System
Replies: 5
Views: 391

### Re: Isolated System

Yes, but be careful determining whether a question is asking for the change in energy of the system or a reaction within the system. Because all those terms could very well not be equal to zero for to a reaction within an ideal bomb calorimeter. But the total energy of the bomb calorimeter will be u...
Tue Feb 13, 2018 11:09 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Practice Midterm W18 by Lyndon and Michael (Q 1B)
Replies: 2
Views: 325

### Re: Practice Midterm W18 by Lyndon and Michael (Q 1B)

consider the q=mc$\Delta$T + 0.5(m$\Delta$H)
m$\Delta$H is divided by 2 because only half of the ice cream, make sure your answer is in line with the units that the question is asking
Tue Feb 13, 2018 3:28 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Is it possible to force a reaction that will decrease the entropy of the universe?
Replies: 1
Views: 138

### Is it possible to force a reaction that will decrease the entropy of the universe?

Is it possible to force a reaction that will decrease the entropy of the universe? Or would that defy the second law of thermodynamics
Sat Feb 10, 2018 11:33 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Delta G
Replies: 4
Views: 245

### Re: Delta G

When Delta =0 it means that neither the formation of products nor reactants will be favored. This relates to our previous understanding of equilibrium from Chem 14 A where we understood that at equilibrium the rate of creation of products and reactants will be stable.
Wed Feb 07, 2018 7:31 pm
Forum: Entropy Changes Due to Changes in Volume and Temperature
Topic: Will dissolving a salt in water affect the entropy of the water?
Replies: 3
Views: 594

### Will dissolving a salt in water affect the entropy of the water?

If I were to dissolve a salt in water by stirring it (let's say NaCl), will I be affecting the entropy of the water that surrounds it
Wed Feb 07, 2018 7:29 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: 9.63
Replies: 4
Views: 279

### Re: 9.63

A negative change in Gibbs free energy means that the product will be spontaneously favoured and therefore more stable
Wed Feb 07, 2018 5:26 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Concept of constant P and "thermally insulated" [ENDORSED]
Replies: 1
Views: 145

### Concept of constant P and "thermally insulated"[ENDORSED]

Why is constant pressure and thermally insulated mentioned in question 9.43 Suppose that 50.0 g of H2O(l) at 20.0 C is mixed with 65.0 g of H2O(l) at 50.0 C at a constant atmospheric pressure in a thermally insulated vessel. Calculate S and Stot for the process. What does having a constant pressur...
Sun Feb 04, 2018 12:12 am
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Example from Wednesday's Lecture
Replies: 3
Views: 186

### Re: Example from Wednesday's Lecture

I believe he was just demonstrating that that specific temperature is a threshold. A student asked and professor said that you could also set up an inequality; the final answer would be the same .
Sun Feb 04, 2018 12:08 am
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: What does it mean for a reaction to be "thermodynamically favored?"
Replies: 6
Views: 14912

### Re: What does it mean for a reaction to be "thermodynamically favored?"

It means that it is energetically favorable and naturally occurring ( spontaneous). This is represented by a negative delta G
Sun Feb 04, 2018 12:05 am
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Spontaneous
Replies: 14
Views: 908

### Re: Spontaneous

Spontaneous simply means that it can naturally occur without outside influences. It makes sense that because everything in nature attempts to have as low of an energy level as it can, losing free energy ( negative Delta G) will happen naturally
Sun Feb 04, 2018 12:01 am
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: G at minimum
Replies: 6
Views: 294

### Re: G at minimum

I like to also think about the fact that equilibrium is measured where the change in G is equal to 0. This also explains why negative G values are spontaneous, because they are approaching a lower number (where dG=0). If there is less free energy it is safe to assume that there is less potential for...
Sat Jan 27, 2018 11:44 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: The integral equation
Replies: 8
Views: 397

### Re: The integral equation

The integral is an equation that gave origin to several others we derived in class. It was meant to help our comprehension, yet we do not need it in our calculations.
Sat Jan 27, 2018 11:41 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: W as a maximum
Replies: 3
Views: 221

### Re: W as a maximum

This signifies that when there are more possible states available that a substance will be more stable (at equilibrium)
Sat Jan 27, 2018 11:35 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Reversible Vs Irreversible
Replies: 3
Views: 212

### Re: Reversible Vs Irreversible

I believe that being at thermodynamic equilibrium (constant heat) is part of the definition of a reversible reaction whereas it is not required for irreversible.
Sat Jan 27, 2018 11:30 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Why do we calculate reversible vs irreversible expansion?
Replies: 1
Views: 107

### Why do we calculate reversible vs irreversible expansion?

In thermodynamics we are often calculating for reversible expansion even though professor said that most real life cases are irreversible. Why are we calculating for maximum work if it might be less accurate?
Mon Jan 22, 2018 6:26 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Does Dr Lavelle post his PowerPoints online
Replies: 1
Views: 88

### Does Dr Lavelle post his PowerPoints online

Does Dr Lavelle post his PowerPoints online? I can't seem to find it
Sat Jan 20, 2018 9:25 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Work done on / work done by system
Replies: 5
Views: 333

### Re: Work done on / work done by system

Work done on a system means that the internal energy of the system will increase, because the surroundings are placing work unto the system.
Work done by a system means that the internal energy of the system will decrease, because the system is placing work unto the surroundings.
Sat Jan 20, 2018 9:21 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: When is the change in work or heat = to zero?
Replies: 2
Views: 153

### Re: When is the change in work or heat = to zero?

A Bomb Calorimeter is a isolated system, meaning that no heat or work will be exchanged with its surroundings, because q and w are a measure of energy transfer to surroundings it is safe to assume that the change in work and heat will be zero.
Sat Jan 20, 2018 9:12 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Irreversible and Reversible Processes
Replies: 4
Views: 296

### Re: Irreversible and Reversible Processes

An irreversible process would be as if I took a single 10g weight off of a balloon, allowing it to quickly expand. While a reversible process would be as if I individually removed from a balloon infinitely small weights that all collectively added up to 10g. The work in the second case would be much...
Sat Jan 13, 2018 6:45 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: When considering enthalpy (Δ H=q), is the letter "H" or "ΔH" Enthalpy?
Replies: 3
Views: 121

### When considering enthalpy (Δ H=q), is the letter "H" or "ΔH" Enthalpy?

When considering enthalpy (Δ H=q), is the letter "H" or "ΔH" Enthalpy? Online the definition of enthalpy is given as a measure of the internal heat of a system, but whenever we are talking about enthalpy it has to do with change. Sometime Professor call "ΔH" enthalpy an...
Sat Jan 13, 2018 6:35 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Intensive vs Extensive [ENDORSED]
Replies: 4
Views: 225

### Re: Intensive vs Extensive[ENDORSED]

We generally prefer extensive properties in chemistry because they are more specific. I would guess that your second question depends on the specific chemistry question you're answering.
Sat Jan 13, 2018 6:31 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Δ H=q
Replies: 3
Views: 250

### Re: Δ H=q

You are right to determine that enthalpy is a state function while heat is not. The only reason that they are equivalent in the equation (Δ H=q) is because it is at a constant pressure, mathematically leading allowing for the equation to be derived. Just because they are different types of functions...
Sat Jan 13, 2018 6:22 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Why can state properties be added?
Replies: 11
Views: 722

### Re: Why can state properties be added?

Think about the example Professor gave in class with altitude. Altitude can be measured using a difference of distances, ie subtraction. You can also get altitudes, a state function, by adding two smaller altitudes. Try not to overthink it

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