## Search found 51 matches

Sat Mar 17, 2018 12:33 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Oxidation power
Replies: 1
Views: 85

### Oxidation power

For question 5 in test 2, I'm still confused about what oxidation power means. If the standard cell potential of a reduction half reaction is very positive (ex: F2 + 2e --- 2F- E=+2.87), the book says that the oxidized form is strongly oxidizing. Does that mean that on the test when it gave us the r...
Tue Mar 13, 2018 11:04 pm
Forum: *Enzyme Kinetics
Topic: Frequency factor A
Replies: 1
Views: 213

### Frequency factor A

In collisions, what is the frequency factor A?

Thank you!
Tue Mar 13, 2018 9:05 pm
Forum: Arrhenius Equation, Activation Energies, Catalysts
Topic: catalysts and intermediates
Replies: 2
Views: 183

### catalysts and intermediates

In a multi-step reaction, how can you tell which of the reactants and products that cancel out are catalysts instead of intermediates?
Sun Mar 11, 2018 10:36 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Midterm Q3B
Replies: 7
Views: 441

### Midterm Q3B

Could you explain your thought process for 3b, involving comparing the energy efficiencies of the pots?
I thought that aluminum pots would be more energy efficient because their heat capacity values are the smallest!

Thank you!
Sun Mar 11, 2018 10:28 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Midterm 4a
Replies: 4
Views: 293

### Re: Midterm 4a

I think it's because a constant external pressure is characteristic of an irreversible process, and the pressures of the system vs surroundings being at equilibrium is characteristic of a reversible process.
Fri Mar 09, 2018 12:23 pm
Forum: Second Order Reactions
Topic: Half life of second order reactions
Replies: 8
Views: 702

### Re: Half life of second order reactions

I was a little confused too seeing that in the table, but I just thought it meant that the book didn't use the half life equation for a second order reaction in one of their examples, or that they just didn't derive the equation for it like they did for the half life of a first order reaction.
Sun Mar 04, 2018 9:56 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Rate equations
Replies: 3
Views: 220

### Re: Rate equations

we usually don't have to know the derivations!
Sun Mar 04, 2018 9:52 pm
Forum: Zero Order Reactions
Topic: 15.15
Replies: 3
Views: 228

### Re: 15.15

Hmm is exercise 15.15 a first-order reaction?
Sun Mar 04, 2018 9:40 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: half-life
Replies: 2
Views: 168

### half-life

Why is the half-life of reactant in a first order reaction independent of initial concentration?

Thank you!
Sun Feb 25, 2018 9:18 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Rate law equations
Replies: 3
Views: 222

### Re: Rate law equations

I think the second one is described as the unique instantaneous rate of a reaction, and the first one as the rate law but they should calculate the same thing!
Sun Feb 25, 2018 1:37 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: initial rate law
Replies: 5
Views: 214

### initial rate law

Is it always only the reactant concentrations that affect the rate law?

Thank you!
Sun Feb 25, 2018 11:43 am
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: rate of consumption sign
Replies: 2
Views: 165

### rate of consumption sign

For exercise 15.3 and 15.5, why isn't the rate of reaction of NO2 and the rate of oxygen consumption negative?

Thank you!
Sun Feb 18, 2018 8:32 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Definitions (isochoric/isometric, isothermal, isobaric)
Topic: Work when pressure is constant
Replies: 6
Views: 488

### Re: Work when pressure is constant

Does constant pressure only apply to irreversible reactions?
Sun Feb 18, 2018 8:21 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Galvanic vs. Voltaic
Replies: 5
Views: 228

### Re: Galvanic vs. Voltaic

Sorry! Is there also a name for the cell that uses the electron current to drive a non-spontaneous reaction?

Thank you!
Sun Feb 18, 2018 8:17 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Galvanic vs. Voltaic
Replies: 5
Views: 228

### Galvanic vs. Voltaic

What's the difference between a galvanic and voltaic cell?

Thank you!
Tue Feb 13, 2018 12:09 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Entropy of system vs surroundings
Replies: 1
Views: 183

### Entropy of system vs surroundings

For the Gibbs free energy equation, Delta G=delta H-T(delta S), does the change in entropy refer to the entropy of the system, the surroundings, or the total entropy?

Thank you!
Sat Feb 10, 2018 3:13 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Work
Replies: 6
Views: 534

### Re: Work

I think doing work means there has to be an opposing force, so a system can't do work in a vaccuum :)
Sat Feb 10, 2018 3:10 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: isothermal expansion
Replies: 2
Views: 158

### isothermal expansion

Why is delta U=0 for the isothermal expansion of an ideal gas? (pg 323)

Thank you!
Mon Feb 05, 2018 8:06 am
Forum: Third Law of Thermodynamics (For a Unique Ground State (W=1): S -> 0 as T -> 0) and Calculations Using Boltzmann Equation for Entropy
Topic: question 9.31
Replies: 1
Views: 135

### question 9.31

For hw question 9.31, Iodine vapor has a higher standard molar entropy than bromine vapor at 298 K. Why does Iodine having a larger mass make it have a larger molar entropy?
Sun Feb 04, 2018 9:20 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: enthalpy and entropy when it comes to spontaneous reactions
Replies: 6
Views: 344

### Re: enthalpy and entropy when it comes to spontaneous reactions

Both affect! Spontaneity depends on whether or not delta G is negative, so I think any combination of positive/negative enthalpy and positive/negative entropy (except when enthalpy is positive and entropy is negative) can produce a spontaneous reaction if it makes delta G negative.
Sun Feb 04, 2018 9:09 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: thermodynamically favored
Replies: 6
Views: 847

### Re: thermodynamically favored

I think the reaction can proceed spontaneously even when delta H is positive, so maybe it just refers to free energy?
Sun Feb 04, 2018 9:06 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Delta G°
Replies: 5
Views: 190

### Re: Delta G°

I think another way to say it is when the equilibrium constant equals 1!
Sun Jan 28, 2018 7:31 pm
Forum: Entropy Changes Due to Changes in Volume and Temperature
Topic: Entropy Change equation
Replies: 1
Views: 99

### Entropy Change equation

What's the difference between the equation for change in entropy and the equation for heat capacity?

Thank you!
Sun Jan 28, 2018 6:38 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: 8.41
Replies: 6
Views: 330

### Re: 8.41

DamianW wrote:In this problem do you have to account for fusion as well ?

Yes! Since there is a difference in temperature between the ice cube and the water, the ice cube would first melt (enthapy of fusion) and then have a temperature change.
Sun Jan 28, 2018 6:33 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Work done by Reversible vs. Irreversible Reactions
Replies: 4
Views: 256

### Re: Work done by Reversible vs. Irreversible Reactions

A reversible process means that the system is at equilibrium, where the pressure of the surroundings and the system are equal. In expansion, a tiny decrease in the surrounding pressure results in a tiny push up by the system on the piston. If expansion continues to occur in very very small steps, we...
Sun Jan 21, 2018 4:59 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Heating curve slope
Replies: 1
Views: 125

### Heating curve slope

In the heating curve, why is it that the steeper the slope, the lower the heat capacity?

Thank you!
Sat Jan 20, 2018 10:55 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Definitions (isochoric/isometric, isothermal, isobaric)
Topic: Textbook Sections 8.7 and 8.10
Replies: 1
Views: 113

### Re: Textbook Sections 8.7 and 8.10

I think that since Professor Lavelle hasn't covered these topics yet in class we should be ok for the exam.
Sat Jan 20, 2018 8:28 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Enthalpy
Replies: 2
Views: 156

### Enthalpy

For the enthalpy equation: H = U + PV, if change in enthalpy measures the change in heat without work, why is PV added to the internal energy U?

Thank you!
Fri Jan 12, 2018 9:46 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Molar heat capacity of gas
Replies: 3
Views: 138

### Molar heat capacity of gas

Could you explain why gas has two values for molar heat capacity?

Thank you!
Wed Jan 10, 2018 11:28 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Bond Enthalpies
Replies: 6
Views: 333

### Re: Bond Enthalpies

Energy is required to break a bond! Like in an endothermic reaction, energy is inputed and so the energy required to break the bonds is positive
Tue Jan 09, 2018 9:32 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: J vs. KJ [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 152

### J vs. KJ[ENDORSED]

Does it matter if our answer is in J or KJ for this section?

Thank you!
Wed Dec 06, 2017 11:28 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: BF3 [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 244

### BF3[ENDORSED]

Why is BF3 considered a Lewis acid?

Thank you!
Wed Dec 06, 2017 11:46 am
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: Relative Acidity
Replies: 3
Views: 423

### Relative Acidity

For the example Lavelle gave during the lecture, Why is trichloroacetic acid (CCl3OOH, pKa=0.52) a stronger acid than acetic acid (CH3COOH, pKa=4.75)?

Thank you!
Sun Dec 03, 2017 1:02 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Final [ENDORSED]
Replies: 6
Views: 582

### Re: Final[ENDORSED]

It could focus on what we learned most recently: acids, bases, salts, chemical equilibrium. And I think that Lewis structures might be another big part since we needed to know how to draw them to answer questions in many of the more recent chapters!
Wed Nov 29, 2017 4:58 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Seesaw [ENDORSED]
Replies: 1
Views: 131

### Seesaw[ENDORSED]

What are the angles for a seewsaw molecular shape?

Thank you!
Tue Nov 21, 2017 3:59 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: states of molecules in reactions
Replies: 1
Views: 162

### states of molecules in reactions

In a chemical reaction, are we supposed to define the states of the molecules at room temperature or at their state during the reaction? (Ex: H20 is liquid at room temperature but gas after combustion)

Thank you!
Tue Nov 21, 2017 3:50 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Calculating Equilibrium Constant
Replies: 2
Views: 107

### Calculating Equilibrium Constant

Why aren't solids included in calculating for the chemical equilibrium constant?

Thank you!
Wed Nov 15, 2017 8:20 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: trigonal planar vs. t-shaped
Replies: 5
Views: 972

### trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

How do you tell if a molecule (with 4 atoms) has a trigonal planar shape or is t-shaped?
Tue Nov 14, 2017 11:43 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Shape vs. Electron Arrangement
Replies: 2
Views: 141

### Shape vs. Electron Arrangement

I'm a little confused about the difference between shape and electron arrangement. I know that the shape of the molecule only depends on the bonds/locations of the atoms, and the electron arrangement accounts for lone pairs, but I'm confused about why both types of models are needed.

Thank you!
Sun Nov 12, 2017 8:47 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Determine Electron Affinity
Replies: 2
Views: 223

### Re: Determine Electron Affinity

I think it has to do with Cu being the exception in filling the electron d-block subshells! Because Cu has 10 electrons in the 3d subshell and only 1 electron in the 4s subshell, it would become more stable completing the lone pair in 4s.
Thu Nov 09, 2017 1:35 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: NO3- vs NF3 [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 578

### NO3- vs NF3[ENDORSED]

How do you tell when to use double bonds and when to just use lone pairs?
NO3- (nitrate ion) has a double bond between N and O, but NF3 has all single bonds and one lone pair.

Thank you!
Sat Nov 04, 2017 3:50 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: 14B and 14BL
Replies: 3
Views: 279

### 14B and 14BL

Is it recommended to take Chem 14B and 14BL in the same quarter?

Thank you!
Thu Nov 02, 2017 12:06 am
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Energy in Orbitals
Replies: 2
Views: 148

### Energy in Orbitals

Do orbitals on the same energy level or in the same shell (ex; n=3) all have equal amounts of energy?

Thank you!
Sun Oct 29, 2017 8:02 pm
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: Ionization Energy
Replies: 3
Views: 263

### Ionization Energy

Why do metals have lower ionization energy?

Thank you!
Sun Oct 29, 2017 4:23 pm
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: Valence electrons [ENDORSED]
Replies: 7
Views: 540

### Valence electrons[ENDORSED]

For elements with 3d and 4s electrons, should the valence electrons include the 3d block as well as the 4s block?
Thank you!
Thu Oct 19, 2017 1:04 am
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Homework Problem 1.15
Replies: 4
Views: 329

### Re: Homework Problem 1.15

For the E=-hR/n^2 method!
I kept getting a decimal number too until I tried making the change in energy (calculated from the given wavelength) negative.
Wed Oct 18, 2017 9:25 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Angstrom
Replies: 3
Views: 340

### Angstrom

Is 1 Angstrom referring to the radius or diameter of an atom?

Thank you!
Thu Oct 12, 2017 4:07 pm
Forum: Einstein Equation
Topic: Einstein
Replies: 4
Views: 344

### Re: Einstein

I think someone else named them! The book says that Einstein "proposed that electromagnetic radiation consists of particles, which were later called photons."
Wed Oct 11, 2017 4:06 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Photoelectric Effect
Replies: 8
Views: 445

### Photoelectric Effect

For the photoelectric experiment, what is actually happening when light "knocks" electrons off of the metal? I thought that it meant electrons are excited to a higher energy state by photons of a high frequency; however, after reading that electrons can only move to other energy levels wit...
Fri Oct 06, 2017 11:46 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Diatomic Molecules
Replies: 3
Views: 686

### Diatomic Molecules

How would you know which elements exist as diatomic molecules naturally? (Ex: H2, O2)

Thank you!
Thu Oct 05, 2017 6:20 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Combustion [ENDORSED]
Replies: 6
Views: 542

### Combustion[ENDORSED]

I know combustion reactions require oxygen, but I was just wondering if combustion only occurs if the reactant has both carbon and hydrogen?
Is this reaction in L.7 combustion?
2 C57H110O6 + 163 O2 ->114 CO2 + 110 H2O

Thank you!