Search found 67 matches

by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Mar 13, 2019 2:10 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: class pictures
Replies: 15
Views: 1090

class pictures

Hey friends, attached are the pictures of the 1pm Lecture!
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Mar 13, 2019 2:09 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: Integrated Rate Laws (7b.1/ 15.21)
Replies: 3
Views: 48

Re: Integrated Rate Laws (7b.1/ 15.21)

thank you both!
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Mar 11, 2019 9:32 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: Integrated Rate Laws (7b.1/ 15.21)
Replies: 3
Views: 48

Integrated Rate Laws (7b.1/ 15.21)

We are given that this is a first order reaction, 2A -> B + C, given that [A]0 = 0.153 mol/L and that after 115sec the conc. of B rises to 0.034 mol/L. How would we go about solving for [A]?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Mar 11, 2019 8:05 pm
Forum: Method of Initial Rates (To Determine n and k)
Topic: solving for rates with charts
Replies: 3
Views: 55

Re: solving for rates with charts

Ahhh!! thank you so much! I kept reading other explanations but yours was much clearer!
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Mar 10, 2019 7:21 pm
Forum: Method of Initial Rates (To Determine n and k)
Topic: solving for rates with charts
Replies: 3
Views: 55

solving for rates with charts

What is the best way to approach problems asking to solve for rates and orders given a chart?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Tue Mar 05, 2019 8:05 pm
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: 7th Edition 6N.3c
Replies: 2
Views: 78

Re: 7th Edition 6N.3c

I was wondering this too. How would you go about solving for Q?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Mar 03, 2019 6:26 pm
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: Pt inert electrode
Replies: 9
Views: 201

Re: Pt inert electrode

We use Pt (s) when the reaction lacks a conducting metal, so if we have (aq)|(g)||(aq)(aq) we would add Pt(s) to both sides
by KarlaArevalo2F
Tue Feb 26, 2019 9:00 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: oxidizing agent and reducing agent
Replies: 15
Views: 215

Re: oxidizing agent and reducing agent

what is reduced is the oxidizing agent and what is being oxidized in the reducing agent. Its basically flipped
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Feb 25, 2019 8:05 pm
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: 5G.15 (7th Ed.)/ 11.17 (6th ed.)
Replies: 1
Views: 33

5G.15 (7th Ed.)/ 11.17 (6th ed.)

Can someone explain why the solution manual is using the formula deltaG=-RTlnK + RTlnQ instead of deltaG= deltaGnot + RTlnQ.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 24, 2019 10:21 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: E dependency on moles
Replies: 2
Views: 43

E dependency on moles

Why dont we multiply the E value in relation to the number of moles ?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 24, 2019 10:20 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Which Equation to Flip?
Replies: 9
Views: 164

Re: Which Equation to Flip?

Flip the anode because we should be looking at its reverse reaction
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 24, 2019 10:19 pm
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: E standard
Replies: 3
Views: 65

Re: E standard

In some aspects no, however, if the reaction is reversed then the sign is flipped other than that I think that it remains the same.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 17, 2019 9:45 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Slope of heating curve
Replies: 8
Views: 303

Re: Slope of heating curve

the slope refers to the rate, so lower heat capacities = steeper slope because it can reach the next phase quicker and higher heat capacity, more shallow because more energy and time is needed to reach next phase change
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 17, 2019 9:42 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Negative and Positive values of delta H and w
Replies: 6
Views: 264

Re: Negative and Positive values of delta H and w

-delta H means the system is exothermic and is releasing heat (surrounding absorb that heat) and + delta H means the system is endothermic and requires heat
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Feb 13, 2019 2:11 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: 1 atm to 101.3 J/(atm*L)
Replies: 2
Views: 108

1 atm to 101.3 J/(atm*L)

will we be required to know this conversion or will it be given in the problem?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 10, 2019 11:29 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Mondays class
Replies: 3
Views: 96

Mondays class

Will class be review or will we be continuing learning different material/ expanding?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 10, 2019 11:28 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Midterm #1 14B
Replies: 17
Views: 543

Re: Midterm #1 14B

also, does any one know where we can get more practice problems besides Lyndon's?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 10, 2019 11:27 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Midterm #1 14B
Replies: 17
Views: 543

Re: Midterm #1 14B

when is his review session?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 10, 2019 11:26 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: How to Calculate Degeneracy
Replies: 5
Views: 100

Re: How to Calculate Degeneracy

i also agree that it is the number of particles to the number of different positions they can occupy
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Feb 03, 2019 7:13 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Water vapor vs boiling water burns
Replies: 3
Views: 85

Water vapor vs boiling water burns

I remember that Dr. Lavelle mentioned that water vapor burns are more painful, however, can someone explain as to why they are worse/ more painful?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Tue Jan 29, 2019 11:38 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Work
Replies: 4
Views: 140

Re: Work

i think we look at the absolute values to determine which does more work. the sign is associated with what is doing the work; for example work is positive if its being done on a system and negative if its being done by a system.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Tue Jan 29, 2019 10:35 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: 6th Edition Problem 8.21
Replies: 8
Views: 163

Re: 6th Edition Problem 8.21

hi becky, how did you derive this equation?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Jan 27, 2019 9:10 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Phase Changes
Replies: 7
Views: 116

Re: Phase Changes

melting and vaporization are considered endothermic because molecules must be broken up using heat, the definition of being an endothermic reaction.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Jan 27, 2019 9:06 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Enthalpy signs
Replies: 13
Views: 164

Re: Enthalpy signs

enthalpy is positive for endothermic because there is the need for heat, while enthalpy is negative for exothermic because heat is being released (exo=exit/out)
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Jan 27, 2019 9:06 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Enthalpy signs
Replies: 13
Views: 164

Re: Enthalpy signs

enthalpy is positive for endothermic because there is the need for heat, while enthalpy is negative for exothermic because heat is being released (exo=exit)
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Jan 27, 2019 9:04 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: State Properties
Replies: 5
Views: 75

Re: State Properties

remember state properties are only looking at the initial and final and nothing in between.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Jan 20, 2019 10:08 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Changes in Temperature
Replies: 8
Views: 125

Re: Changes in Temperature

since K is temp. dependent, if a rxn needs heat (endothermic) the products will be favored. if a rxn is releasing heat (exothermic) the reactants will be favored. I see it as if you need heat you need more energy to produce, and if you give off heat, you are favoring your reactants
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Jan 20, 2019 10:01 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: amphoteric
Replies: 2
Views: 66

Re: amphoteric

I thought NH3 was amphoteric because it can act as both a base and an acid depending on what it reacts with
for example in 2Na + 2NH3 = 2NaNH2 + H2, NH3 acts as an acid because it donates a proton
in NH3 + HCl = NH4+Cl-, NH3 is accepting a proton meaning it acts as a base
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Jan 16, 2019 2:20 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: "Shifting"
Replies: 15
Views: 340

Re: "Shifting"

I too recall him saying 'shifting' is used more when referring when the reaction is not at equilibrium and prefers the term 'leans towards right/left' to indicate if it favors products or reactants.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Thu Jan 10, 2019 7:57 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: ICE Chart for HW problem 11.49 6th Edition
Replies: 4
Views: 87

Re: ICE Chart for HW problem 11.49 6th Edition

thank you for your explanation! My point of confusion is using the quadratic formula in the chart. May you please explain..
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Jan 09, 2019 11:40 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Kc and Qc
Replies: 4
Views: 1360

Kc and Qc

What is the difference between Kc and Qc? I know K has the brackets while Q uses partial pressures, however, what is the distinction?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Jan 09, 2019 11:37 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: ICE Chart for HW problem 11.49 6th Edition
Replies: 4
Views: 87

ICE Chart for HW problem 11.49 6th Edition

How would one understand to complete an ICE chart for problem 11.49? I have gotten the initial for NH3 but how would we know what steps to follow after? (First time seeing ICE charts :( )
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Jan 09, 2019 11:35 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: ChemComm. Account
Replies: 1
Views: 50

ChemComm. Account

It might be a redundant question, but do we need to create a new account or do anything in particular for 14B to make sure our posts get recorded? Do we continue using the same account we created for 14A? (just want to make sure to not lose my points..)
by KarlaArevalo2F
Fri Dec 07, 2018 10:59 pm
Forum: Coordinate Covalent Bonds
Topic: polydentates
Replies: 5
Views: 269

polydentates

How do we easily find out if the coordination compound is polydentate?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Tue Dec 04, 2018 12:33 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Determining oxidation number
Replies: 5
Views: 143

Re: Determining oxidation number

Is there an easy way to the oxidation number for ions like sulfate? This is the first time I take chem in my life (HS didnt offer it) so I feel behind in knowing oxidation numbers. Group 1 has an oxidation number of +1 Group 2: +2 Group 13 (with Boron): +3 Group 14: +4/-4 Group 15: -3 Group 16: -2 ...
by KarlaArevalo2F
Tue Dec 04, 2018 12:30 am
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: polydentates/ chelates
Replies: 1
Views: 73

polydentates/ chelates

Just by looking at a structure and/ or formula, how can we tell if it will be a polydentate or form chelates?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Dec 03, 2018 9:13 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: Problem 12.19 6th ed
Replies: 3
Views: 55

Re: Problem 12.19 6th ed

How would we solve for the concentration? I am stuck as to how to even start.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Dec 03, 2018 9:08 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: Bronsted Acids and Bases vs Conjugate acids and bases
Replies: 1
Views: 60

Bronsted Acids and Bases vs Conjugate acids and bases

Is there a difference between the Brønsted and conjugated acids and bases? How do you tell them apart?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Dec 03, 2018 9:05 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Determining oxidation number
Replies: 5
Views: 143

Re: Determining oxidation number

Is there an easy way to the oxidation number for ions like sulfate? This is the first time I take chem in my life (HS didnt offer it) so I feel behind in knowing oxidation numbers.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Dec 02, 2018 7:26 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: Bronsted and Lewis Acids and Bases
Replies: 3
Views: 60

Re: Bronsted and Lewis Acids and Bases

when talking about bronsted think of protons (sharing of H+ ion):
bronsted base- accepts protons; bronsted acid- donates protons
when talking about lewis think lone electron pairs:
lewis base- donates e- pair; lewis acid- accepts e- pair
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Dec 02, 2018 7:20 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Chelates: are the rings a part of the coordination sphere?
Replies: 2
Views: 70

Re: Chelates: are the rings a part of the coordination sphere?

Yes, because they are attached to the central, causing a share of electrons. They are what create the sphere
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Dec 02, 2018 7:17 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: hybridization
Replies: 13
Views: 402

hybridization

Does anyone have an easy way to find the hybridization of the central atom they are able to share? Much appreciated.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 25, 2018 7:35 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Polar vs Nonpolar molecules
Replies: 7
Views: 183

Re: Polar vs Nonpolar molecules

using the 3D model its checking for symmetry and not all polar bonds have nonpolar molecules
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 25, 2018 7:29 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Bond Length
Replies: 6
Views: 145

Re: Bond Length

104904344 wrote:And sigma bonds are stronger than pi bonds, right?
yes due to the larger amount of overlap between the two orbitals
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 25, 2018 7:28 pm
Forum: Sigma & Pi Bonds
Topic: Why are sigma bonds stronger than pi bonds?
Replies: 10
Views: 429

Re: Why are sigma bonds stronger than pi bonds?

there is more overlap in sigma bonds than in pi bonds which makes for the stronger bond
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 25, 2018 7:25 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Final Exam
Replies: 22
Views: 519

Final Exam

Will the final be cumulative or just from midterm to the end?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 18, 2018 2:53 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: electron density/concentration
Replies: 4
Views: 63

Re: electron density/concentration

its the same thing, both are where electrons can be found
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 18, 2018 2:52 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Test 3
Replies: 19
Views: 355

Re: Test 3

its best to know each shape and the angles corresponding to them
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 18, 2018 2:51 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Bond Angles
Replies: 16
Views: 233

Re: Bond Angles

I believe he mentioned we should know the general ones like 90, 180, and for bent it should be slightly less than 109.5 but not the exact angle
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 11, 2018 7:49 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: tetrahedral
Replies: 3
Views: 60

tetrahedral

Im sorry, but can someone explain why a structure cannot be tetrahedral planar if it were planar and the angles were 90 degrees apart? Why isnt that a VSEPR shape?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 11, 2018 7:47 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: bond angles and lone pairs
Replies: 4
Views: 102

Re: bond angles and lone pairs

I think the bond angles will give you the geometry if they are all the same. If they differ then that may lead to there being lone pairs. But we should get a molecular shape diagram and it'll become apparent if there are lone pairs because it would not follow the basic geometry (no lone pairs)
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 11, 2018 7:40 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: molecular shapes
Replies: 13
Views: 242

Re: molecular shapes

I think we might (should) get like the general shapes and structures on the formula sheet, at least that is what a past chem prof. gave us not to sure
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:20 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Non-polar molecules
Replies: 4
Views: 220

Re: Non-polar molecules

I believe that nonpolar molecules exist as long as the dipoles cancels out and there is not net charge towards an atom. Having at least one dipole moment not canceling out will result in a polar molecule.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:17 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Bond order
Replies: 4
Views: 96

Re: Bond order

I believe bond order refers to the number of bonds between two atoms. a single bond would have a bond order of 1, double bonds have a bond order of 2, and triple bonds have a bond order of 3
by KarlaArevalo2F
Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:15 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Electron Affinity
Replies: 3
Views: 96

Re: Electron Affinity

I believe Sulfur has a higher affinity than Oxygen because sulfur is able to have an expanded octet, meaning it can have more than 8 electrons because it still has the 3d subshell while oxygen strictly follows the octet guideline (can only have 8 electrons).
by KarlaArevalo2F
Thu Oct 25, 2018 9:30 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Nodal Planes
Replies: 6
Views: 159

Re: Nodal Planes

So the book says that nodal planes separate the two lobes of a p-orbital where the wave function is 0. How come s orbitals do not have a nodal plane? s orbitals do not have a nodal plane because it is the only orbital that has a symmetrical electron probability distribution and is a spherical shape...
by KarlaArevalo2F
Thu Oct 25, 2018 9:27 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: electron config. 3d and 4s
Replies: 5
Views: 316

electron config. 3d and 4s

Why is 3d a lower energy level than 4d after Z=20? Isn't the periodic table arranged so that energy levels increase as you go? 1s^2, 2s^2, 2p^6,3s^2,3p^6,4s^2,3d^10,4p^6....?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Thu Oct 25, 2018 9:23 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Degeneracy
Replies: 6
Views: 160

Degeneracy

What does it mean for energy levels to be degenerate ? Is it that there are multiple orbitals, like in p?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Oct 15, 2018 8:24 pm
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Units conversions
Replies: 1
Views: 125

Units conversions

During the exams, will we have to memorize 1 J= 1 kg*m*s^-1 or would it be given to us?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Oct 15, 2018 8:20 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Mass
Replies: 4
Views: 75

Mass

How can light gain a mass when in motion, but has no mass when stationary?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Oct 15, 2018 8:16 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Mass of Light
Replies: 5
Views: 109

Mass of Light

How is the mass of light calculated? I know it can only have a mass when it is in motion and not when it's stationary.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Mon Oct 15, 2018 8:15 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Characteristics of Light
Replies: 1
Views: 34

Characteristics of Light

I recall Dr. Lavelle mention how light is able to act as both a particle as well as a wave? How is this possible?
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Oct 03, 2018 10:44 pm
Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
Topic: Empirical Formula
Replies: 5
Views: 111

Re: Empirical Formula

You would want to start off by dividing with the smallest number, then multiply all of the numbers by the same whole number to get the least whole number possible.
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Oct 03, 2018 10:41 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Balancing reactions tips
Replies: 29
Views: 878

Re: Balancing reactions tips

Something I always do when balancing is I always write down each element on both the reactant and product sides along with the amount of each there is and add a coefficient accordingly to balance both sides. Image added just in case wording isn't clear.
balancing equations tip.JPG
by KarlaArevalo2F
Wed Oct 03, 2018 10:33 pm
Forum: Significant Figures
Topic: Sig Figs when finding Mol
Replies: 4
Views: 188

Re: Sig Figs when finding Mol

It's always best to use the most amount of sig figs when continuing a problem, but always refer to the sig fig rules (which is mostly using the least number of sig figs I believe) when writing the final answer.

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