## Search found 73 matches

- Sun Mar 17, 2019 8:22 am
- Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
- Topic: Test #2: Question #4, Parts A and B
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**306**

### Test #2: Question #4, Parts A and B

Hi everyone! For test #2, I got both parts of #4 completely wrong. Can anyone explain to me how you are meant to solve the problem and what the answers are? For reference, I thought that the NO3- equation was the anode and the Zn2+ was the cathode which got me an Ecell of -1.56V. and my Cell diagram...

- Sun Mar 17, 2019 7:44 am
- Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
- Topic: Midterm Q4
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**366**

### Re: Midterm Q4

I think the reason why is because all of the values are technically already given to you since you can find the [H30+] through the pH, which is given, and the [HCO3] is given in the prompt. Because of this, you have all the numbers you need in order to find [CO2]. So I don't think its that an ICE ta...

- Sat Mar 16, 2019 1:41 pm
- Forum: *Organic Reaction Mechanisms in General
- Topic: Method of Initial Rates
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**352**

### Re: Method of Initial Rates

In order to find the value of n, you need to have experimental data which will be given in a table the problem. First, you need to find 2 experiments where only one of the compounds is changing. For example, if [A] is 0.5 in experiment 1 and 1.0 in experiment 2 while [B] is 0.5 in both experiments 1...

- Sat Mar 16, 2019 11:41 am
- Forum: Arrhenius Equation, Activation Energies, Catalysts
- Topic: Activation energy units
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**150**

### Re: Activation energy units

per mole really just means per one mole of the product. So if something is 45 KJ per mole, it means that it requires 45 KJ for every one mole of the product. If there are multiple products, then each product will have its own KJ/mol amount. If there are multiple moles of a single product, then the E...

- Sun Mar 10, 2019 9:10 pm
- Forum: First Order Reactions
- Topic: Molar coefficients
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**194**

### Re: Molar coefficients

No, I don't think coefficients matter when your finding order.

- Mon Mar 04, 2019 7:06 pm
- Forum: Method of Initial Rates (To Determine n and k)
- Topic: Which Rate to Use When Finding K? HW Chapter 15 #19, 6th Edition
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**139**

### Which Rate to Use When Finding K? HW Chapter 15 #19, 6th Edition

For part c of this problem, it asks to find the value of K but it doesn't say which experiment to use. Does this mean that we can use any experiment we want to find the value of k? I noticed that in the solutions manual that they use several experiments and get a different value of k for each one, s...

- Mon Mar 04, 2019 4:15 pm
- Forum: General Rate Laws
- Topic: What is a Unique Rate of Reaction? HW #3, 6th Edition
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**124**

### What is a Unique Rate of Reaction? HW #3, 6th Edition

In problem #3, part c asks to find the unique rate of the reaction, but I don't understand what the unique rate of reaction is. How are you meant to calculate it?

Thanks y'all!

Thanks y'all!

- Sun Mar 03, 2019 6:46 pm
- Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
- Topic: Q
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**154**

### Re: Q

Do you know where you found this info? Because I thought you weren't allowed to mix partial pressure and concentrations you use either/or. So if an equation is made up of completely compounds in their gas phase then you use partial pressure whereas if it is a combination of gas and other phases you ...

- Sun Mar 03, 2019 11:28 am
- Forum: First Order Reactions
- Topic: Dividing Experiments to Find Order
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**194**

### Dividing Experiments to Find Order

I understand the process in which we find the value of n, but I don't fully understand how we determine which experiment should be divided by another. For example, the in-class example had us dividing rate 2 by rate 1, but what if we divided rate 1 by rate 2. We would no longer get 2 as an answer an...

- Sun Mar 03, 2019 9:47 am
- Forum: First Order Reactions
- Topic: determine n
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**101**

### Re: determine n

When you are given a table with the number of experiments, initial concentrations for compounds, and initial rates, you have to determine in which of the experiments the compound changes concentration. If you are dealing with two compounds, make sure that ONLY the one you are looking at changes in c...

- Mon Feb 25, 2019 4:03 pm
- Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
- Topic: Gibb's Free Energy and Spontaniety [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**108**

### Gibb's Free Energy and Spontaniety [ENDORSED]

How exactly does Gibbs Free Energy relate to whether or not a reaction is spontaneous? I understand it as: If \Delta G is negative the reaction is spontaneous and if \Delta G is positive the reaction is nonspontaneous. But when a reaction is "spontaneous" does that mean that the products a...

- Sun Feb 24, 2019 7:57 pm
- Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
- Topic: Oxidation and Reduction?
- Replies:
**6** - Views:
**293**

### Re: Oxidation and Reduction?

The best way I remember the difference is through the acronym OIL RIG. Basically, Oxidation is the loss of electrons and Reduction is the gain of electrons. When elements have an increase in charge, for example going from 2+ to 3+, it is losing electrons because the overall charge has become more po...

- Sun Feb 24, 2019 2:06 pm
- Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
- Topic: Which Equation to Flip?
- Replies:
**9** - Views:
**554**

### Which Equation to Flip?

When we were balancing the Fe and Cu (Cathode and Anode, respectively) equations in the Hess's Law method in order to find the Ecell, why did we flip the Cu instead of the Fe equation? I know that we would get the same number but negative, but why is that a wrong answer and how are we supposed to kn...

- Sun Feb 24, 2019 11:45 am
- Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
- Topic: conducting solids in rxns
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**81**

### Re: conducting solids in rxns

From what I understand, those are the most common conductors so it would be good to know that when they show up in an equation and don't have any charge changes. However, I think you can usually tell if something is a conductor if is written in the balanced equation, but doesn't undergo any change i...

- Sun Feb 24, 2019 11:39 am
- Forum: Van't Hoff Equation
- Topic: Memorize equation?
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**112**

### Re: Memorize equation?

I think you do have to memorize Van't Hoff equation and how it relates to Gibbs Free Energy, but I don't think you have to memorize how to derive it as long as you know when to use the Van't Hoff equation. Usually, if there are homework problems on a topic, it fair game to show up on the test. So, i...

- Sun Feb 17, 2019 6:15 pm
- Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
- Topic: Work
- Replies:
**8** - Views:
**544**

### Re: Work

When it comes to work, you don't need to memorize the derivative/integral equations. We were only shown them in order to understand where they came from and how to solve for what is missing. When it comes to the rest of the work equations, most of them are shown on the equations worksheet when we ha...

- Sun Feb 17, 2019 3:08 pm
- Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
- Topic: 4J.13 Seventh Edition
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**110**

### Re: 4J.13 Seventh Edition

I'm pretty sure that the sign of delta G determines how stable something is. So if delta G is greater than 0 (positive) it is generally less stable while if delta G is greater than 0 (negative) it is more stable. The reason why delta G relates to stability is that it has something to do with whether...

- Sun Feb 17, 2019 12:59 pm
- Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
- Topic: Gibbs Free Energy in relation to H and S
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**166**

### Gibbs Free Energy in relation to H and S

Hey y'all! So I'm having trouble understand what Gibbs Free Energy is and how it relates to enthalpy and entropy. I know what the equation is to solve it but why can you solve for \Delta G using \sum G (prod) - \sum G (react) if \Delta G, \Delta H, and \Delta S are all different? Thanks so much!

- Sun Feb 10, 2019 7:32 pm
- Forum: Third Law of Thermodynamics (For a Unique Ground State (W=1): S -> 0 as T -> 0) and Calculations Using Boltzmann Equation for Entropy
- Topic: Irr vs Rev Graphs and Work
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**104**

### Irr vs Rev Graphs and Work

When we were discussing irreversible processes on Wednesday, we were shown two graphs of an irreversible and reversible process where the reversible had a small negative w (work) and the other had a larger negative w. I'm kind of confused if a larger negative w mean there is more or less work being ...

- Sun Feb 10, 2019 7:19 pm
- Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
- Topic: heat units
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**163**

### Re: heat units

I'm pretty sure as long as the units match you should be good.

So if the units you need is J in order to cancel out the other J, but it's given to you in KJ, but convert KJ to J so that they all cancel out.

So if the units you need is J in order to cancel out the other J, but it's given to you in KJ, but convert KJ to J so that they all cancel out.

- Sun Feb 10, 2019 1:19 pm
- Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
- Topic: Using Derivative/Integral Equations
- Replies:
**5** - Views:
**219**

### Using Derivative/Integral Equations

I don't fully understand when and where we are supposed to use these " \int ' equations. Are we actually supposed to use them to solve problems or did we just go over them in order to show where the other equations came from? Also how do you know how these equations change depending on what is ...

- Sun Feb 10, 2019 11:51 am
- Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
- Topic: Value of Variable Kb
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**289**

### Value of Variable Kb

In class when we were discussing molecules, possible positions, and residual entropy, we did a calculation with the equation: S = KblnW.

In the equation, Kb was equal to 1.381 x 10^-23 J/K.

Where did we get the value for Kb and what exactly IS Kb?

Thanks, y'all!

In the equation, Kb was equal to 1.381 x 10^-23 J/K.

Where did we get the value for Kb and what exactly IS Kb?

Thanks, y'all!

- Sun Feb 03, 2019 5:32 pm
- Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
- Topic: R constant
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**104**

### Re: R constant

You can usually tell which constant to use depending on the units that are given in the equation or by what you are looking. Pay attention to the units of the values they give you, what you are solving for, and the units of the R constant. The units SHOULD always cancel out meaning that you use the ...

- Sun Feb 03, 2019 1:43 pm
- Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
- Topic: Finding W Equations
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**138**

### Finding W Equations

I don't understand how the equation: w = -P \Delta V is found from the integral equation with the summation of steps (the one with the derivative). Can someone please explain where w = -P \Delta V comes from? Follow up question: how does w = -P \Delta V relate to the the equation \Delta U = \Delta H...

- Sun Feb 03, 2019 11:48 am
- Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
- Topic: Heat VS. Energy
- Replies:
**5** - Views:
**1595**

### Heat VS. Energy

So I'm still unclear as to what the difference between heat and energy/enthalpy is. I always sort of thought they were the same thing since adding heat to something increases energy. So by adding heat aren't you adding energy? Why aren't the terms interchangeable?

- Sun Jan 27, 2019 7:53 pm
- Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
- Topic: Bonds Broken
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**88**

### Re: Bonds Broken

You can determine which bonds are broken and formed when you look at the molecules in a reaction equation. When molecules have changed, pay attention to what those molecules would look like and which bonds are no longer present or which ones have formed. It may help to draw out rough structures for ...

- Sun Jan 27, 2019 7:40 pm
- Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
- Topic: HW #8.29 (6th Edition)
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**28**

### HW #8.29 (6th Edition)

The question is: Which molecular substance do you expect to have the higher molar heat capacity, NO or NO2? Why? I don't fully understand what the questions means by "heat capacity" or how I'm supposed to determine which substances will have a higher one. Could someone explain what this qu...

- Sat Jan 26, 2019 11:37 pm
- Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
- Topic: Method 2 Example
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**102**

### Re: Method 2 Example

For what I understand, when you use bond enthalpies, you use them for the bonds that are being used in the reaction. So for the reactants side, there is a C=C bond that breaks into a C-C bond when it forms into CH3-CH2Br. There is no C=C bond on the products side and there is no C-C bond on the reac...

- Sat Jan 26, 2019 9:05 pm
- Topic: Cancelling Out with Hess's Method
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**579**

### Cancelling Out with Hess's Method

In class we did an example with NO2 formation: N2 + O2 --> 2NO 2NO + O2 --> 2NO2 ---------------------- N2 + 2O2 --> 2NO2 The way we got the third and final reaction was by adding the first two and the 2NO's "canceled out." I don't really understand how the 2NO's canceled out but the O2's ...

- Sun Jan 20, 2019 12:59 pm
- Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
- Topic: HW Problem #12.79 (6th edition)
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**33**

### HW Problem #12.79 (6th edition)

When I was looking in the solutions manual to check my answer, it turns out I did this problem wrong. Instead of using the equation: H2SO4 + H2O --> H3O + HSO4 you were supposed to use the equation: HSO4 + H2O --> H3O + SO4 How were you supposed to know that H2SO4 dissociates twice? When will I know...

- Sun Jan 20, 2019 11:40 am
- Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
- Topic: 6th Edition Hw 11.89, Determining equation using grapg
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**72**

### Re: 6th Edition Hw 11.89, Determining equation using grapg

I'm not really sure if I did the problem correctly but this is how I thought about it: I'm pretty sure the way you figure out the coefficients is based on the looking at the y-axis. For example, A was at 30 and went down to 15, B and C started at 0 and went up to 5 and 10, respectively. This means t...

- Sun Jan 20, 2019 11:16 am
- Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
- Topic: Edition 6 12.69 Part b
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**69**

### Re: Edition 6 12.69 Part b

Because most of the reactions we deal with have molecules in an aqueous solution it is already implied that all the molecule are in water, so water is written in the equation. Also the way the equation is written in terms of products, its more clear to have water on the left side of the equation so ...

- Sun Jan 13, 2019 11:55 am
- Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
- Topic: converting from pressure to concentration
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**176**

### Re: converting from pressure to concentration

R is a constant that I'm pretty sure will be given to you on an equations list when we take exams. You just have to be aware of which R you use since it changes depending on what you're using. Meaning, R = 0.08206 when we are using Liters and atm (which is what we are doing now), but R = 8.314 when ...

- Sun Jan 13, 2019 11:50 am
- Forum: Ideal Gases
- Topic: When to Use PV=nRT
- Replies:
**8** - Views:
**558**

### When to Use PV=nRT

I don't really understand when we have to use this equation. When we are solving for Kp don't we use solve with [Products]/{Reactants]? When are we supposed to use the entire equation of PV=nRT?

- Sat Jan 12, 2019 7:10 pm
- Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
- Topic: Phases and Reaction Quotient (HW)
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**161**

### Phases and Reaction Quotient (HW)

In homework problem 11.13 (6th edition): Write the reaction quotient for: P4210(s) + 16 H2O (l) --> 4H3PO4(aq) + 10 H2S (aq) The answer is: Q = (H3PO4)^4 (H2S)^10 I don't think I understand why we don't include the molecules in liquid or solid form. Why do we only include molecules in a gas or aqueo...

- Thu Jun 14, 2018 12:09 pm
- Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
- Topic: How Lone Pairs Affect Bond Angles?
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**5588**

### How Lone Pairs Affect Bond Angles?

I don't think I understand how lone pairs change bond angles. Let's say there was a tetrahedral molecule. I know that those bond angles are 109.5, but when lone pairs start getting introduced, do the bond angles increase or decrease and why? Does this apply to all molecules that get lone pairs intro...

- Wed Jun 13, 2018 9:47 pm
- Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
- Topic: How to Find pH? (French Toast #27)
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**224**

### How to Find pH? (French Toast #27)

In a science lab, you created a stock solution of 1.50 M Na2O. A) How many milliliters of this stock solution would you need to make 210 mL of a .550 M Na2O solution? I know that to answer this question I just need to use the formula M1V1 = M2V2 and I'll get the answer 77mL B) What is the pH of your...

- Wed Jun 13, 2018 9:32 pm
- Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
- Topic: Coordination Number and Oxidation state [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**248**

### Coordination Number and Oxidation state [ENDORSED]

For #25 on the "French Toast" practice sheet, the question is: What is the oxidation state of [Pt(Cl)2(NH3)2]? The answer is 2, but when I do the calculations I only get 0. What I'm doing: M + (# of Cl)(Cl charge) + (# of NH3)(charge of NH3) = 0 So: M + -2 + 2 = 0 M + 0 = 0 M = 0, thus the...

- Wed Jun 13, 2018 9:18 pm
- Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
- Topic: Chelating Ligand?
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**243**

### Chelating Ligand?

I was looking at the practice problem from the "French Toast" worksheet and number #24 asks whether or not a molecule is a chelating ligand. I tried to look it up but I don't understand the explanation. What exactly is a chelating ligand and how do you know when a molecule is a chelating l...

- Mon Jun 11, 2018 10:24 pm
- Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
- Topic: Strength of Acid and Bases
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**279**

### Strength of Acid and Bases

When something is referred to as "less acidic" does that mean that it also a weaker acid and vise versa? How does the strength of acids refer to pKA because I don't really understand how it reflects acidic levels and strength?

- Mon Jun 11, 2018 9:32 pm
- Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
- Topic: Ligands and Lone Pairs
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**171**

### Ligands and Lone Pairs

I don't really understand a lot about ligands so I have a couple questions about them.

When there is a large organic compound does every single lone pair count as a ligand? Are ligand only lone pairs or can they be something else? Also, when are lone pairs NOT ligands?

When there is a large organic compound does every single lone pair count as a ligand? Are ligand only lone pairs or can they be something else? Also, when are lone pairs NOT ligands?

- Sun Jun 03, 2018 8:27 pm
- Forum: Dipole Moments
- Topic: Dipole Moment Vectors
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**219**

### Dipole Moment Vectors

In section, we were learning about how to determine the polarity of certain molecules. My TA kept saying something along the lines you want to find the "sum of dipole moment vectors," but I don't really understand what these are and how you are supposed to calculate them?

Thanks!

Thanks!

- Sun Jun 03, 2018 5:49 pm
- Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
- Topic: How To Know When A Molecule Will Be Bent?
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**950**

### How To Know When A Molecule Will Be Bent?

I know that there a few molecules that have a "bent" or "angled" shape such as H2O or ClO2. But since they only have 2 atoms attached in each case wouldn't they be linear? How are you supposed to know when a molecule is bent rather than just being linear?

- Sun Jun 03, 2018 1:03 pm
- Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
- Topic: "-dral" Vs "-dron"
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**137**

### "-dral" Vs "-dron"

Is there a difference between the terms that end with "-dral" and "-dron" or are they the same thing? Can you use them interchangeably?

For example the terms octahedral and octahedron? If they're different when do I use one over the other?

Thanks!

For example the terms octahedral and octahedron? If they're different when do I use one over the other?

Thanks!

- Wed May 30, 2018 3:16 pm
- Forum: Hybridization
- Topic: Hybridization purpose
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**246**

### Re: Hybridization purpose

From what we learned in lexture today it looks like I was only partially correct. Hybridizations happens a lot more often then I thought, but it still only happens based on regions of density and shape. So you would use shape and density to determine when something hybridizes. To answer the question...

- Sun May 27, 2018 10:36 pm
- Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
- Topic: Molecular shape
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**81**

### Re: Molecular shape

I'm pretty sure there are no specific exceptions we need to know, but you do need to know how angles will change depending on things like the number of electron densities and lone pairs. So for example, if 2 molecules have 4 areas of electron densities but one has 4 atoms and another has 3 atoms and...

- Sun May 27, 2018 9:41 pm
- Forum: Lewis Structures
- Topic: bonds
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**174**

### Re: bonds

In the case of bonds, it has to do with the way atoms attract each other. Since the bonds are shorter, the atoms attract each other with more force and are harder to break. But when the bond is longer, the attraction is not as strong and its easier to pull the two atoms away from one another. Think ...

- Sun May 27, 2018 9:32 pm
- Forum: Hybridization
- Topic: Hybridization purpose
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**246**

### Re: Hybridization purpose

I think it has something to do with the fact that hybridization does not always happen. So in the case of carbon, hybridization only happens because that what the shape and bonds require. But not every ground state element will have hybridization because it doesn't need Hybridization. For example, H...

- Sun May 27, 2018 9:26 pm
- Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
- Topic: Difference in angles
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**210**

### Re: Difference in angles

He may have used both terms, but I think he is referring to the same thing. So, in this case, both bond angles and just "angles" are just the angles that are caused by atoms repelling each other. The atoms must be separated as symmetrical as possible which is why the angles get smaller as ...

- Sun May 20, 2018 8:34 pm
- Forum: Electronegativity
- Topic: In Class Example Between LiF and CsF
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**477**

### In Class Example Between LiF and CsF

In class, there was a graph showing the relationship between electronegativity and ionic/covalent bonds. On the graph, I noticed that CsF had less ionic properties than LiF, but Cs had a value of 0.79, Li had 1.0, and F had 4.0. Doesn't that mean that CsF should be more ionic than LiF since the diff...

- Sun May 20, 2018 8:16 pm
- Forum: Polarisability of Anions, The Polarizing Power of Cations
- Topic: Order of Increasing Polarization
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**244**

### Order of Increasing Polarization

Put these in order of increasing polarizability: The answer is O-2, N-3, Cl-, Br-, but I'm not sure how you would solve this. Apparently, O and N are in that order because of smaller electronegativity and Cl and Br have more shells, but I don't understand why that is. Why does size effect polarizabi...

- Sun May 20, 2018 6:34 pm
- Forum: Polarisability of Anions, The Polarizing Power of Cations
- Topic: Order of Polarizing Power
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**227**

### Order of Polarizing Power

Arrange the following in order of increasing polarizing power: Rb+, Be2+, and Sr+2 The answer to this question was Rb+, Sr+2, Be+2 I don't understand how this is the answer since two of the elements have the same charge. How do you decide which one has more polarizing power? Isn't Be larger than Sr ...

- Sun May 20, 2018 5:01 pm
- Forum: Lewis Structures
- Topic: Lone Pairs and Acids
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**76**

### Lone Pairs and Acids

I now that in class it was mentioned that if a compound/molecule has a lone pair than it is an acid, but I don't understand why this is? Why does a lone pair mean that it's an acid? Does that mean if there are no lone pairs it is base?

- Sun May 20, 2018 4:27 pm
- Forum: Coordinate Covalent Bonds
- Topic: Coordinate Covalent Bonds
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**566**

### Re: Coordinate Covalent Bonds

How exactly would these bonds happen though? If they both come from the same atom wouldn't that atom want to hold onto the electrons as much as possible? Does it have something to do with periodic trends?

- Thu May 17, 2018 9:21 am
- Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
- Topic: Electron Repulsion and Trends
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**439**

### Electron Repulsion and Trends

When describing a lot of trends I notice that the idea of electron repulsion comes up a lot, but I don't understand how it really relates to everything. How does electron repulsion in different atoms affect trends? For example, how does electron repulsion cause the size of the atom to be smaller? Do...

- Thu May 17, 2018 9:12 am
- Forum: Lewis Structures
- Topic: Expanding Expanded Octets
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**131**

### Expanding Expanded Octets

I know that only certain elements can have expanded octets, but I wanted to know if these certain elements can have more than 10 electrons? Since these elements can have 10 electrons due to them having a d orbital, does these mean that certain elements can have 14 if they have an f orbital? Will we ...

- Sun May 06, 2018 6:46 pm
- Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
- Topic: Largest in Atomic Radii?
- Replies:
**5** - Views:
**233**

### Largest in Atomic Radii?

In a review session, there was a question asking which of the following was the largest in terms of atomic radii? Ca+2, Ar, or Cl-? Apparently, the answer is Cl- since it has the least number of protons. But I don't understand why? Why does the number of protons have anything to do with the atomic r...

- Sun May 06, 2018 11:10 am
- Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
- Topic: Isoelectric Atomic Radii
- Replies:
**3** - Views:
**192**

### Isoelectric Atomic Radii

Hi guys! So I remember in class going over isoelectric atoms, but I don't really get why they are not the same size? If they have the same amount of electrons, doesn't that mean they should all be relativity the same size?

- Sun May 06, 2018 9:07 am
- Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
- Topic: What Exactly IS an Orbital?
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**215**

### What Exactly IS an Orbital?

I've noticed the word "orbitals" used in a few different ways and I'm kind of confused on what is considered an "orbital." I know that we called "n" values orbitals, such as s, p, d, and f orbitals, but then I see that sometimes values of "l" are also called o...

- Sun May 06, 2018 8:54 am
- Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
- Topic: Exceptions for Electron Configuartions
- Replies:
**5** - Views:
**362**

### Re: Exceptions for Electron Configuartions

Follow up question: I don't understand where the electrons are coming from when you write the correct configurations. For example: If Cu is [Ar]3d^9 4s^1, what was the original configuration? Is it [Ar]3d^8 4s^2 or [Ar]3d^10? Also, if 3d orbitals are supposed to fill up before 4s orbitals, why would...

- Wed Apr 25, 2018 6:39 pm
- Forum: Einstein Equation
- Topic: Which Laser to Use? - HW Problem #69
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**174**

### Which Laser to Use? - HW Problem #69

In a recent suspense film, two secret agents must penetrate a criminal's stronghold monitored by a lithium photomultiplier cell that is continuously bathed in light from a laser. If the beam of light is broken, an alarm sounds. The agents want to use a handheld laser to illuminate the cell while the...

- Tue Apr 24, 2018 11:26 am
- Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
- Topic: Lines in a Series - HW Problem #57
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**63**

### Lines in a Series - HW Problem #57

Lines in the Balmer Series of the hydrogen spectrum are observed at 656.3, 486.1, 434.0, and 410.2 nm. What is the wavelength of the next line in the series?

I have no idea where to start with this problem. Is there an equation or something that I can use to find this out?

I have no idea where to start with this problem. Is there an equation or something that I can use to find this out?

- Tue Apr 24, 2018 11:20 am
- Forum: Einstein Equation
- Topic: Energy Absorbed in a Mole? - HW Problem #55
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**204**

### Energy Absorbed in a Mole? - HW Problem #55

a) If an absorption occurs in the infrared spectrum at 3600cm^-1, what is the frequency of radiation that corresponds to that absorption? Use the equation: V = CE to get V = 1.08 x 10^14 Hz b) What is the energy in Joules of that absorption? Use the equation: E = hv to get E = 7.16 x 10^-20 J c) How...

- Sun Apr 22, 2018 1:17 pm
- Forum: DeBroglie Equation
- Topic: HW 1.37 [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**6** - Views:
**466**

### Re: HW 1.37 [ENDORSED]

Just to make sure I did the problem correctly, I got the same number for both of the parts. Did I use too little sig figs (I used 3) or is this the same thing that you guys got? And if they are the same number does that mean that there's 0% difference between them? Thanks!

- Sun Apr 22, 2018 1:11 pm
- Forum: DeBroglie Equation
- Topic: HW 1.39 [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**8** - Views:
**612**

### Re: HW 1.39 [ENDORSED]

Just a really quick follow up question. When I was looking up at solutions online in order to make sure that I was getting the correct answer I noticed that some solutions said the MPH meant meters per hour while others said it was miles per hour. I was pretty sure MPH was miles per hour, but I just...

- Sun Apr 22, 2018 12:58 pm
- Forum: Photoelectric Effect
- Topic: Homework Problem #33
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**208**

### Homework Problem #33

The velocity of an electron that is emitted from a metallic surface by a photon is 3.6 x 10^3 km/s a) What is the wavelength of the ejected electron? b) No electrons are emitted from the surface of the metal until the frequency of the radiation reaches 2.50 x 10^16 Hz How much energy is required to ...

- Sun Apr 15, 2018 11:15 am
- Forum: Photoelectric Effect
- Topic: Intensity VS Energy Models? [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**4** - Views:
**279**

### Intensity VS Energy Models? [ENDORSED]

I know that in lecture we went over why high intensity doesn't always mean high energy and that there were 2 different models used to explain this. However, I don't understand this concept in terms of the 2 different models and why the wave model doesn't reflect the actual energy of a light. Could s...

- Sun Apr 15, 2018 11:09 am
- Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
- Topic: What To Do When Mole Ratios Are Present? [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**225**

### What To Do When Mole Ratios Are Present? [ENDORSED]

When you're finding the mass amount of product a limiting reactant can make I know you're supposed to use the stoichiometric ratios from the balanced equation. The example we did in class was easy since all the ratios were 1:1. But what happens if the ratios are some different like 1:2 or 3:4? For e...

- Fri Apr 13, 2018 3:43 pm
- Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
- Topic: Textbook Version Confirmation
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**126**

### Textbook Version Confirmation

Hey guys! I recently got my Week 1 Homework back and lost points for writing down the wrong problems. I checked my textbook (the 6th edition) and it turns out I DIDN'T do the wrong problems. When I asked my TA, they said the problems are misnumbered because I'm using the wrong version. They said we ...

- Tue Apr 10, 2018 1:24 pm
- Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
- Topic: Mass of Products VS. Mass of Reactants- Class Assessment
- Replies:
**5** - Views:
**747**

### Mass of Products VS. Mass of Reactants- Class Assessment

One of the questions I keep running into is: Can the mass of the products of an equation be more than the mass of the reactants? I can see the answer being yes because maybe in certain reactions surrounding elements during the experiment like oxygen may affect the reaction, but I don't know if that ...

- Sat Apr 07, 2018 9:16 pm
- Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
- Topic: Different Methods of Finding Limiting Reactant? [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**63**

### Different Methods of Finding Limiting Reactant? [ENDORSED]

During lecture, we learned that a method of finding the limiting reactant is by using ratios and the amounts of moles. For example: Trying to Find the Limiting Reactant when 100g of H20 reacts with 100g of CaC2 If the balanced equation is: CaC2 + 2H2O ---> Ca(OH)2 + C2H2 Then you can calculate the n...

- Sat Apr 07, 2018 9:01 pm
- Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
- Topic: How to Find Net Amount of Gas Produced? - Pre-Class Assessment [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**1** - Views:
**174**

### How to Find Net Amount of Gas Produced? - Pre-Class Assessment [ENDORSED]

During a summer camping weekend, 4 moles of butane (C4H10) gas were used for cooking. Choose the right balanced equation for the combustion of 4 moles of butane gas. What is the net number of moles of gas produced? A. 4 C4H10(g) + 26 O2(g) ----> 16 CO2(g) + 20 H2O(g); 6 B. 4 C4H10(g) + 26 O2(g) ----...

- Sat Apr 07, 2018 8:48 pm
- Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
- Topic: Why Divide by Smallest Number? [ENDORSED]
- Replies:
**2** - Views:
**708**

### Why Divide by Smallest Number? [ENDORSED]

I know that one of the steps in finding an empirical/molecular formula is dividing by the smallest number after you find the number of moles for each element. However, I don't understand WHY we have to take this step. What's the mathematical reason for dividing by the smallest number?