Search found 63 matches

Mon Mar 18, 2019 7:58 am
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Work
Replies: 3
Views: 936

Work

How would you calculate work when you're not given change in volume?
Mon Mar 18, 2019 7:57 am
Forum: Arrhenius Equation, Activation Energies, Catalysts
Topic: Enzyme
Replies: 4
Views: 890

Enzyme

What's the difference between an enzyme and a catalyst?
Sat Mar 16, 2019 8:54 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Equilibrium constant
Replies: 5
Views: 135

Equilibrium constant

I know temperature can affect the constant, but what about the presence of a catalyst?
Sat Mar 09, 2019 11:40 pm
Forum: Zero Order Reactions
Topic: Half-life
Replies: 6
Views: 479

Re: Half-life

A half life is the time it takes for half of a substance to decompose or change. For radioactive elements, I believe, it is the time it takes for half of that element (let's say half of 4 g which is = 2 g) to disappear. In chemical reactions, it would be the time it takes half of the concentration o...
Sat Mar 09, 2019 11:38 pm
Forum: Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics Controlling a Reaction
Topic: k & K
Replies: 18
Views: 793

Re: k & K

k is the Boltzmann rate constant while K is the equilibrium constant for a certain reaction.
Sat Mar 09, 2019 11:37 pm
Forum: Second Order Reactions
Topic: Slope
Replies: 2
Views: 94

Slope

Why do first and second order reactions have slopes with opposite signs?
Sat Mar 02, 2019 9:38 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Point of equilibrium
Replies: 5
Views: 182

Re: Point of equilibrium

When the slope of the tangent lines to the concentration curves of the compounds involved is equal to zero.
Sat Mar 02, 2019 9:37 pm
Forum: Zero Order Reactions
Topic: Units
Replies: 3
Views: 137

Units

What are the units for a zero order reaction and why?
Sat Mar 02, 2019 9:36 pm
Forum: Second Order Reactions
Topic: Reaction orders
Replies: 2
Views: 124

Reaction orders

Can you determine the order of a reaction simply from looking at the coefficients of the balanced chemical equation or do you have to use the experimental data?
Sun Feb 24, 2019 11:12 pm
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: Galvanic Cell
Replies: 3
Views: 134

Galvanic Cell

When you are given a problem in regards to a galvanic cell, can you assume that the cell potential of the reaction is always positive?
Sun Feb 24, 2019 11:09 pm
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Replies: 2
Views: 83

Can we add standard cell potentials together when they involve a different number of electrons? This isn't in regards to a reaction in a cell.
Sun Feb 24, 2019 11:05 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Test #2
Replies: 9
Views: 337

Test #2

Do we have to know how to compare the reduction of hydrogen to other half-reactions on Test #2?
Sun Feb 17, 2019 11:00 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Enthalpy
Replies: 4
Views: 337

Re: Enthalpy

High temperature is associated with lower entropy and vice versa.
Sun Feb 17, 2019 10:58 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Sign of Free Energy
Replies: 2
Views: 92

Sign of Free Energy

How do you determine the sign of Gibbs Free Energy given that enthalpy is positive, temperature is positive, and entropy is positive.
Sun Feb 17, 2019 10:55 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Spontaneity
Replies: 4
Views: 160

Spontaneity

Given the value of Gibbs free energy, how do you know whether the reaction is spontaneous or not?
Sun Feb 10, 2019 12:45 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Hess's Law
Replies: 3
Views: 135

Re: Hess's Law

Essentially the two mean the same thing. Using the summation method is just finding the reaction enthalpy value yourself.
Sun Feb 10, 2019 12:40 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Midterm [ENDORSED]
Replies: 49
Views: 2008

Re: Midterm[ENDORSED]

Do we have to know how to derive equations?
Sun Feb 10, 2019 12:39 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: Enthalpy values
Replies: 3
Views: 153

Enthalpy values

Do we have to know the enthalpy of fusion, vaporization, etc. values for water for the exam?
Sun Feb 03, 2019 9:29 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Midterm [ENDORSED]
Replies: 49
Views: 2008

Re: Midterm[ENDORSED]

Step ups are really good.
Sun Feb 03, 2019 9:28 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: K vs. C in calculations
Replies: 2
Views: 123

Re: K vs. C in calculations

The units are essentially same in the essence that the difference between two Celsius values is the same as the difference between two Kelvin values. You can easily use Celsius if you are looking for delta T and get your answer with its units in Kelvin.
Sun Feb 03, 2019 9:25 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Heat Capacity vs. Specific Heat Capacity
Replies: 3
Views: 154

Re: Heat Capacity vs. Specific Heat Capacity

The only difference is that the specific heat capacity is to define per gram of that substance.
Thu Jan 24, 2019 11:17 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: pKa vs. pH
Replies: 15
Views: 2216

pKa vs. pH

Why isn't pKa the same as pH?
Thu Jan 24, 2019 11:14 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Equilibrium Composition
Replies: 2
Views: 122

Re: Equilibrium Composition

Worst case the chemical equation may not be written out for you but the problem will tell you the substance and it's molecular formula would be given if it's not a common substance. You would then have to add H2O to make a reaction, unless stated otherwise, and balance the equation yourself.
Thu Jan 24, 2019 11:11 am
Forum: Amphoteric Compounds
Topic: amphoteric v amphiprotic
Replies: 5
Views: 520

Re: amphoteric v amphiprotic

Amphoteric is a substance that can act as an acid of a base, while amphiprotic is a substance that acts as an acid or base but donates/accepts protons specifically.
Mon Jan 21, 2019 11:32 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Example 5J.3 Help!
Replies: 2
Views: 98

Re: Example 5J.3 Help!

Since there are equal moles of gas on both sides of the equation, there is no change to equilibrium with change in pressure/volume.
Mon Jan 21, 2019 11:30 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: ICE chart
Replies: 3
Views: 114

Re: ICE chart

Concentration is preferable but you do molar values only if all of the numbers are consistent. You can do both ways as long as you keep them consistent throughout the problem.
Mon Jan 21, 2019 11:29 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Compression and Favorable Direction Problem (Ex. 11.115, part b)
Replies: 1
Views: 42

Re: Compression and Favorable Direction Problem (Ex. 11.115, part b)

Keep in mind that only the moles of gas count.
Fri Jan 11, 2019 12:07 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5H3 from 7th edition
Replies: 2
Views: 64

Re: 5H3 from 7th edition

Remember that the K constant formula is the products over the reactants for a chemical equation. When combining two separate equations together, the reactants of the first equation will be the products of the next and therefore cancel out when you multiply the two K's for the two equations making th...
Thu Jan 10, 2019 11:52 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Q and K
Replies: 4
Views: 148

Re: Q and K

Q and K are different values because when you're given the problem, it is not explicitly stated whether the reaction is at equilibrium at the moment. You have to determine this by using the K formula and plugging in the concentration values to determine what state the reaction is in by comparing it ...
Thu Jan 10, 2019 11:46 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Q vs K
Replies: 5
Views: 200

Re: Q vs K

Q CAN be at equilibrium or it can't. It's simply meant to describe the state of the reaction to compare to K value of the reaction at equilibrium to see where that reaction is sitting.
Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:18 pm
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: H30+ and H+
Replies: 4
Views: 180

Re: H30+ and H+

H3O+ and H+ are similar in that they define whether something is an acid. Although H3O+ is not technically a proton like H+ is, it can be thought of as a proton bound to a water molecule.
Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:16 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: How to tell if it is an acid or base?
Replies: 4
Views: 237

Re: How to tell if it is an acid or base?

You can tell from the chemical formula whether it is likely to produce H+ protons (acid) or OH- hydroxides (base), but for something like NH3 you would have to see what is would do when adding water. When adding water, it would form NH4+ and OH-, which is a hydroxide, making NH3 a base.
Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:10 pm
Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
Topic: Strongs Acids
Replies: 4
Views: 445

Strongs Acids

What are the strong acids which we would have to memorize?
Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:08 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: naming the ligands
Replies: 1
Views: 101

Re: naming the ligands

I don't think the charge is necessary to include in the nae of the ligands, but it is important when determining the oxidation number/charge of the transition metal when providing the roman numeral of it.
Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:04 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: oxidation number
Replies: 4
Views: 150

Re: oxidation number

I believe you just have to become acquainted with the charges of the ligands and familiarize yourself with them.
Thu Dec 06, 2018 7:02 pm
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Conjugate Bases
Replies: 7
Views: 584

Re: Conjugate Bases

Conjugate bases and acids are pretty much the products which a reactant becomes after going through a reaction. If a substance is an acid as a reactant and accepts an electron pair in a reaction, it becomes a base on the product side of a chemical equation, making it a conjugate base. Generally the ...
Thu Dec 06, 2018 6:59 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming Complexes
Replies: 1
Views: 108

Naming Complexes

When do you use the suffixes bis-, tris-, etc. instead of bi-, tri-, etc.?
Tue Nov 27, 2018 6:21 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Molecular Shape
Replies: 4
Views: 129

Molecular Shape

What factors/characteristics help you determine whether a bond is strong or not in a molecule?
Tue Nov 27, 2018 6:16 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Ethene Hybrid Orbitals
Replies: 4
Views: 250

Re: Ethene Hybrid Orbitals

Since each carbon atom only bonds with three atoms each, it must make sp^2 hybrids (3 orbitals) and since when you combine the s and p orbitals together you get a total of 4 orbitals. Therefore, there is one p orbital left for the carbon atoms to maintain.
Tue Nov 27, 2018 6:08 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: 2F.15 7th edition
Replies: 1
Views: 100

Re: 2F.15 7th edition

S-character is technically the percentage the s orbital in a hybridization takes up. For instance, it is 50% in an sp hybrid but it is about 33% in an sp^2 and so on. Therefore, when this s-character increases (meaning higher percentage) it means that the hybridization involves less atoms and theref...
Tue Nov 27, 2018 6:01 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Polarity of non-symmetric atoms
Replies: 1
Views: 84

Re: Polarity of non-symmetric atoms

If they had really similar electronegativities, I believe they would technically cancel out and could be considered nonpolar there would still be a slight net dipole moment just to account for the fact that they are different elements.
Tue Nov 27, 2018 5:59 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: polar
Replies: 2
Views: 193

Re: polar

The major difference between the two is how polarizability is more in regards to anions and how they pull an electron to itself while polarizing power is in regards to cations and how they pull electrons towards themselves in bonds.
Tue Nov 27, 2018 5:56 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Molecular Shape
Replies: 2
Views: 77

Molecular Shape

When naming the hybridization, do you also include lone pairs? Like is it supposed to take into account ALL electron densities?
Tue Nov 27, 2018 5:55 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: dipole moment
Replies: 1
Views: 62

Re: dipole moment

It does not have a net dipole moment since it's "symmetrical" in the sense that it is a trigonal planar shape.
Tue Nov 27, 2018 5:52 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: greater ionic character
Replies: 5
Views: 197

Re: greater ionic character

You would have to decide based on the electronegative trends and see which elements in the molecule are farther apart (therefore, more electronegative).
Sat Nov 10, 2018 10:33 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Hydrogen Bonding
Replies: 2
Views: 83

Hydrogen Bonding

Do hydrogen bonds only happen between molecules or can they happen within a molecule?
Sat Nov 10, 2018 10:32 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Molecular Shape
Replies: 1
Views: 72

Molecular Shape

In a linear shaped structure, if the two atoms on either side of the central atom are of different elements, but have the same number of valence electrons, will a 180 degree angle still be made?
Sat Nov 10, 2018 10:29 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Molecular Shape
Replies: 2
Views: 112

Molecular Shape

For a shape to be linear (bond angle 180), do the two atoms on either side of the central atom have to be of the same element?
Wed Oct 31, 2018 9:13 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: 2A.19 7th edition
Replies: 3
Views: 157

Re: 2A.19 7th edition

I think it [Ar] 3d^8 because lower principle energy levels should be filled with electrons first before the next energy level (n=4) is filled which is why it wouldn't be [Ar] 3d^6 4s^2.
Wed Oct 31, 2018 9:04 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Electron Orbitals
Replies: 1
Views: 340

Electron Orbitals

What is degeneracy exactly? I remember it being on Test #2 and I got the answer wrong and was just confused on what it was asking for.
Wed Oct 31, 2018 9:00 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: lewis acid/base
Replies: 2
Views: 137

Re: lewis acid/base

The definition mainly just surrounds the idea of whether it donates/accepts electrons or not.
Sun Oct 21, 2018 1:55 am
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: 2.37
Replies: 2
Views: 47

Re: 2.37

The inner energy level electrons "shield" the outer shell electrons to prevent their attraction to the nucleus as they have opposite charges. I assume this happens because the inner electrons are closer and more attracted to the positively charged nucleus, therefore, the attraction is weak...
Sun Oct 21, 2018 1:52 am
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: p-orbitals
Replies: 1
Views: 42

Re: p-orbitals

I believe when it comes to the elements on the periodic table, the orbitals go up to 5p even though energy levels can hypothetically reach up to infinity. I think whatever's on the periodic table will be relevant for life science majors.
Sun Oct 14, 2018 5:21 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: HW 2 CH 1 1.39
Replies: 2
Views: 67

Re: HW 2 CH 1 1.39

You convert the baseball (5.15 oz) to kilograms and the speed of 92 mi/h to m/s and then you use the equation wavelength = h (planck's)/(mass)(velocity) to solve for the wavelength.
Fri Oct 12, 2018 8:55 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Photoelectric Effect
Replies: 1
Views: 65

Re: Photoelectric Effect

It's some circuitry device that measures the current between it's wire and metal plate to tell when electrons are being removed.
Fri Oct 12, 2018 8:52 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Change in E +/-
Replies: 3
Views: 83

Re: Change in E +/-

For that problem in the lecture, it was to find the frequency of the light being released and since the energy it contained must be positive, you solve for frequency by plugging in a positive energy value. You just have to know that you make the energy positive before solving for frequency because a...
Tue Oct 09, 2018 8:00 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Do I need to memorize the Light Spectrum? [ENDORSED]
Replies: 13
Views: 334

Re: Do I need to memorize the Light Spectrum?[ENDORSED]

I think we should have an idea of where the colors are just in case using ROYGBIV, but I'm not sure if we have to know the exact ranges.
Tue Oct 09, 2018 7:56 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Test 1
Replies: 6
Views: 2595

Re: Test 1

You should show as much work as necessary to get points. It says that work must be shown to get credit, but it doesn't say how many steps.
Tue Oct 09, 2018 7:54 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Test 1
Replies: 1
Views: 164

Re: Test 1

Nope! We didn't use a blue book.
Tue Oct 09, 2018 7:49 pm
Forum: Significant Figures
Topic: sig figs in periodic table
Replies: 6
Views: 361

Re: sig figs in periodic table

The sig figs should be based on the given values in the question, not in the periodic table. So even though there are more sig figs in the values provided in the question, you would still use that instead.
Tue Oct 02, 2018 6:05 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Post Module Assessment
Replies: 3
Views: 126

Re: Post Module Assessment

So you don't have to balance the equation because it's already balanced and you also don't need to solve for the limiting reactant because we're not given the amount of H2SO4 there is so you can't even choose which one is limiting. you pretty much just use the 1 kg of CaCO3 in the question and use s...
Tue Oct 02, 2018 5:59 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Titrations v Dilutions
Replies: 2
Views: 101

Re: Titrations v Dilutions

Dilution is where you reduce the concentration of a substance by adding distilled water, for instance. Titration is the process of finding the concentration of a substance (like an acid or base) by adding a solution of known concentration.
Tue Oct 02, 2018 5:56 pm
Forum: Significant Figures
Topic: Significant figures for molar mass
Replies: 7
Views: 2068

Re: Significant figures for molar mass

I think it's ok to use whichever number you get from the periodic table (but the more specific the better), but your final answer should have the same number of significant figures as that of the given (that is, the numbers you're provided in the question to do the problem).