Search found 101 matches

by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Dec 09, 2018 5:46 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Final Grade View
Replies: 7
Views: 182

Final Grade View

When will final grades be posted/available on MyUCLA?

Good Luck with the rest of Finals!
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Dec 08, 2018 5:47 pm
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Conjugates of Weak Acids/Bases
Replies: 1
Views: 48

Conjugates of Weak Acids/Bases

I understand that Strong Acids have Weak Conjugate Bases and that Strong Bases have Weak Conjugate Acids... Does this mean that Weak Acids have Strong Conjugate Acids? Why or Why not? Can someone please thoroughly explain this to me. I am having a difficult time with weak acid and weak base reactions.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Dec 08, 2018 5:46 pm
Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
Topic: Acid Strength
Replies: 2
Views: 48

Re: Acid Strength

Why does H have a greater electron withdrawing ability?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Dec 08, 2018 5:36 pm
Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
Topic: Acid Strength
Replies: 2
Views: 48

Acid Strength

Why is Structure 2 a stronger acid than Structure 4?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Thu Dec 06, 2018 4:43 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Naming on the Final
Replies: 4
Views: 93

Re: Naming on the Final

Di you think naming will be emphasized much on the final as we just learned it in the last few days? Dr. Lavelle said that the Final will cover everything in the Syllabus as it is meant to and I think he implied that each section will be equally represented. So, yes. It will be emphasized as it is ...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:49 am
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Thymine Question
Replies: 1
Views: 38

Thymine Question

The homework asks, "12.127... The two strands of the nucleic acid DNA are held together by hydrogen bonding between four organic bases. The structure of one of these bases, thymine, is shown below. (a) How many protons can this base accept? (b) Draw the structure of each conjugate acid that can...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Dec 05, 2018 11:57 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Lewis bases and Coordinate Covalence
Replies: 1
Views: 44

Lewis bases and Coordinate Covalence

Can someone confirm that the only bonds that Lewis bases make are coordinate covalent bonds?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Dec 05, 2018 11:00 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Parentheses in Naming
Replies: 1
Views: 46

Parentheses in Naming

In the compound name,

sodium bisoxalato(diaqua)ferrate(III)

is there a significance to the parentheses around "diaqua" ? what is the purpose ? Does this change the writing of the compound somehow?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Dec 05, 2018 8:45 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: [Co(P(CH3)3)4]2(SO4)3
Replies: 1
Views: 66

[Co(P(CH3)3)4]2(SO4)3

What would the naming for this coordination compound be?

[Co(P(CH3)3)4]2(SO4)3
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Dec 05, 2018 7:01 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: so4 2- ligand name
Replies: 1
Views: 28

so4 2- ligand name

On Dr. Lavelle's worksheet it is provided that SO4 2- written as OSO3 2- is "sulfato". What is it called when the ligand is bonded to the Sulfur atom? (Or, alternatively, is the sulfate ligand always attached to the Metal through Oxygen?)
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Dec 05, 2018 6:54 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: iso-ligands
Replies: 1
Views: 45

iso-ligands

How are we supposed to know when to put the original ligand (i.e. CN- cyano ) vs. the iso-ligand (i.e. NC- isocyano) ?

Will the bonding atom always be underlined (on the final) in these cases?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Dec 05, 2018 6:51 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Memorize All Ligands?
Replies: 1
Views: 55

Memorize All Ligands?

There are some ligands on Dr. Lavelle's worksheet, such as isothiocyanato, that we have not really seen in class or on the homework. Are we still expected to know/memorize them for the final?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Dec 04, 2018 8:29 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Group 5 Transition Metals
Replies: 1
Views: 41

Group 5 Transition Metals

When a question is referring to "Group 5 transition metals" is it referring to the column with Vanadium or Manganese?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 11:30 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Acid Base Lewis Structures
Replies: 2
Views: 46

Re: Acid Base Lewis Structures

Well, yes, but a double bond between Oxygen and Chlorine would also make the formal charge on Oxygen = 0.

Therefore, how do I know where to attach the Hydrogen if both Lewis Structures have a net charge of 0?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 11:27 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: KBr has Neutral pH ?
Replies: 1
Views: 87

KBr has Neutral pH ?

Why does KBr have a neutral pH but KF has a pH greater than 7?

(This question is referring to Homework Problem 12.65 (c) and (d) )
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 11:22 pm
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Writing Ion Formulas
Replies: 1
Views: 41

Writing Ion Formulas

In problem 12.65 part (c),

When writing the aqueous solution of KF, how do we know to write the formula

F- + H2O --> HF + -OH

instead of making the solution about the K+ ion?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 11:12 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Naming on the Final
Replies: 4
Views: 93

Naming on the Final

Questions on the homework expected us to know the formula for acids such as Formic Acid... are we supposed to know names of acids like these by memorization for the final, or will the chemical formula be provided for acids? (esp. those such as Formic Acid that are not obvious)
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 11:01 pm
Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
Topic: Electronegativity vs. Size in Acid Strength
Replies: 1
Views: 40

Electronegativity vs. Size in Acid Strength

In 12.51,

HClO2 is a stronger acid than HBrO2 and same goes for H2CO3 > H2GeO3 on the claim that Cl and C are more electronegative than Br and Ge.

How does electronegativity affect the strength of an acid? Shouldn't HBrO2 and H2GeO3 be stronger acids because Br and Ge are larger?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 10:57 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Acid Base Lewis Structures
Replies: 2
Views: 46

Acid Base Lewis Structures

When do we know when to attach the H atom to Oxygen atom(s) instead of the central atom?

For example, as in HClO2
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 10:30 pm
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: Calculating Kb or Given?
Replies: 1
Views: 24

Re: Calculating Kb or Given?

Furthermore, can you calculate pKb with only this information (from the problem) provided?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 10:29 pm
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: Calculating Kb or Given?
Replies: 1
Views: 24

Calculating Kb or Given?

For problem 12.49 (provided in the image below). The solutions manual compares the pK b for the two molecules in order to compare the strength of their basic character. Are we supposed to be able to calculate these values, or are they given somewhere? Is there a way to compare the strength of their ...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 10:16 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: pH and Molarity
Replies: 2
Views: 44

pH and Molarity

Can someone walk me through Homework Problem 12.27?

I understand that the desired pH is just -log (given M) = 1.6

However I don't understand part (b). Can someone please walk me through it?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 9:05 pm
Forum: Amphoteric Compounds
Topic: Textbook Error?
Replies: 1
Views: 51

Textbook Error?

The 6th edition textbook claims that Bi2O3 is an amphoteric compound, yet Dr. Lavelle's slides from Friday's lecture claim that Bi2O3 is acidic. Which is correct?

Furthermore, in cases such as this, is there a way to identify amphoteric compounds other than simply memorizing them?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:57 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Identifying Lewis acid
Replies: 2
Views: 49

Identifying Lewis acid

In the reaction,

Cl- + SO2 --> SO2Cl

Both Cl- and the S in SO2 have lone pairs. Why is Cl- the Lewis acid and not SO2?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:51 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Lone Pairs only on Central Atoms?
Replies: 2
Views: 41

Lone Pairs only on Central Atoms?

Lone pairs on outer atoms (bonded atoms) don't make the molecule a Lewis base, correct?

For example, BF3 is a Lewis acid because Boron doesn't have any Lone Pairs.... the lone pairs on the bonded F atoms don't change that?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:41 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: No Proton Transfer?
Replies: 2
Views: 26

Re: No Proton Transfer?

I know that this was brought up on another post on Chemistry Community, but no one explained why there is no proton transfer.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:37 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: No Proton Transfer?
Replies: 2
Views: 26

No Proton Transfer?

Homework 12.9 says that the formula

CH3COOH + NH3 --> CH3CONH2 + H2o

does not have Bronsted acids and bases because there is no proton transfer.

can someone explain how this is so ?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:31 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: Acid Base Identification
Replies: 1
Views: 36

Acid Base Identification

Homework problem 12. 9 state that in the formula

NH4I --> NH3 + HI

NH4+ is the Bronsted acid and that I- is the Bronsted base. How is this possible, that the acid and base is the same compound?

Can someone please explain/walk me through this problem?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:27 pm
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Conjugate Acids and Bases in this formula
Replies: 1
Views: 25

Conjugate Acids and Bases in this formula

What are the conjugate acids and bases in this formula?

NH4 + H2O --> NH3 + H3O+ + I-
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:22 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Ligands and Lewis bases
Replies: 3
Views: 40

Ligands and Lewis bases

Are the terms "Lewis base" and "Ligand" synonymous and interchangeable?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:21 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: Bronsted Acids and Bases
Replies: 2
Views: 26

Bronsted Acids and Bases

Does the classification of Bronsted Acids and Bases go beyond the idea that acids are proton donors and bases are proton acceptors?

Are the Lewis and Bronsted definitions of Acids and Bases direct opposites of each other? (i.e. Lewis acids accept protons but Bronsted acids donate protons)
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:11 pm
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Conjugate Base Notation
Replies: 1
Views: 31

Conjugate Base Notation

Regarding the final exam...

Would I lose points for writing the conjugate base of HCOOH as COOH- instead of HCO2- ?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Nov 28, 2018 7:53 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Polydentates
Replies: 3
Views: 81

Re: Polydentates

Additionally, for oxalate, why is it only a bidentate and not a tetra dentate?

In addition to one oxygen from each side being bonded, can't the oxygen adjacent to it also be bonded, as demonstrated by Dr. Lavelle's example in class (the chemotherapy example with Cl) ?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Nov 28, 2018 7:36 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Polydentates
Replies: 3
Views: 81

Polydentates

*Referring to question 17.33 (b) *

If the CO32- structure has 3 oxygen atoms, all equipped with at least one lone pair of electrons, then why can the ion only serve as a mono- or bidentate and not a tridentate ligand?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Nov 28, 2018 7:23 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Cyano vs. Cyanido
Replies: 2
Views: 72

Cyano vs. Cyanido

When (CN) is a ligand, when are we supposed to use "cyano" vs. "cyanido" in our naming? I have seen both and am not sure how to distinguish between when to use either one.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 7:30 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Test 3
Replies: 2
Views: 102

Test 3

Will we be asked questions about hybridization for molecules below the second period?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 7:15 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Lone Pairs
Replies: 1
Views: 48

Lone Pairs

In 4.95 of 6th edition, the molecule drawn and labeled hybridization shows that the lone pairs on Oxygen are "sp2" . Why is it sp2 and not 2 sp2?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 7:14 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Empty p orbitals
Replies: 3
Views: 51

Re: Empty p orbitals

To clarify, I think I am trying to understand "unhybridized 2p orbitals" ?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 7:12 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Empty p orbitals
Replies: 3
Views: 51

Empty p orbitals

Can someone please explain through the concept of having "empty p orbitals" or something to do with lone pairs? Im referring to when the bond is ( C 2p, C 2p) I know Dr. Lavelle explained it in class but I don't actually understand what is occurring during this process of hybridization.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 6:42 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Seesaw Shape Bond Angles
Replies: 8
Views: 98

Re: Seesaw Shape Bond Angles

<90 and <120 or <90 and 120?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 6:31 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Seesaw Shape Bond Angles
Replies: 8
Views: 98

Seesaw Shape Bond Angles

What are the bond angles on a Seesaw shape?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 2:46 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: SO2 and SO3 bond length
Replies: 2
Views: 66

SO2 and SO3 bond length

When comparing the bond lengths of SO2 and SO3.. Both structures are made up entirely of double bonds... however, SO2 has lone pairs on the Sulfur and SO3 does not, so would it be correct to assume that SO2 had slightly longer bonds than SO3? (I am assuming that the bonds in SO2 would be longer beca...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 2:15 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Can an organic compound have an ionic bond?
Replies: 1
Views: 26

Can an organic compound have an ionic bond?

Can an organic compound have an ionic bond?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 2:04 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Size and IM interactions
Replies: 2
Views: 36

Size and IM interactions

Dr. Lavelle's slides read, "INCREASING SIZE OR MOLAR MASS RESULTS IN STRONGER ATTRACTIVE INTERACTIONS" can someone please explain why this is true and provide an example?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 1:59 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Intermolecular Potential Energy
Replies: 1
Views: 38

Intermolecular Potential Energy

In the formula for intermolecular potential energy, E , what does r stand for? Does it describe the distance between the two molecules, or the radius of one of the molecules? This is important because I am trying to understand the parameters that contribute to IM energy and I am trying to derive the...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 1:45 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Examples of Intermolecular forces
Replies: 2
Views: 50

Examples of Intermolecular forces

Can someone please provide examples of intermolecular forces (other than hydrogen bonding) in organic and biological molecules?

If possible, could you provide an example per type of intermolecular force (ion-ion, dipole-dipole, London...etc.)
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 1:37 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Hydrogen Bonding Strength
Replies: 2
Views: 33

Hydrogen Bonding Strength

Why is hydrogen bonding so strong? What is unique about the force that attributes to its strength?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 1:31 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Study Guide
Replies: 1
Views: 43

Study Guide

The study guide reads, "Know the relative magnitudes of intermolecular forces and hydrogen bonds." What is this describing? What is the extent of knowledge that this study guide point is demanding (i.e. how much are we expected to know in detail?) Is this just asking that we can rank the i...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 27, 2018 1:28 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Ion-Ion and Ionic Bonds
Replies: 1
Views: 23

Ion-Ion and Ionic Bonds

Is describing the intermolecular force of ion-ion the same as describing molecules that share an ionic bond?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Mon Nov 26, 2018 11:48 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Study Guide
Replies: 1
Views: 49

Study Guide

The study guide reads, "Explain how covalent bond dissociation energy is related to covalent bond multiplicity, atomic radius, and the presence of unpaired electrons." First, what is covalent bond multiplicity? Second, can someone please provide the explanation for this? (i.e. answer this ...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 9:00 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: 2 Lone Pairs, Placement
Replies: 3
Views: 40

Re: 2 Lone Pairs, Placement

Therefore... it is safe to assume that when the electron density shape is Tetrahedral, the 2 lone pairs will always be next to each other? Thus, in CH2 2- , which has a tetrahedral, I would place the 2 LP next to each other.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 8:49 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: HW 4.109
Replies: 2
Views: 21

HW 4.109

In the problem, for (b) the answer says the bond angle is "around 109.5"

Because the Oxygen has two single bonds, don't we assume that the Oxygen has 2 Lone pairs on it, and therefore the bond angle becomes < 109.5 ?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 8:39 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Hybridization and Reactivity
Replies: 2
Views: 59

Hybridization and Reactivity

Homework Problem 4.91 asks us to evaluate why Benzyne would be highly reactive based off what we know about its hybridization in its structure. What is the relationship between hybridization and reactivity? Can someone walk me through the process of using knowing about Hybridization to predict react...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 8:21 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Borazine Lewis Structure
Replies: 1
Views: 26

Borazine Lewis Structure

The lewis structure of Borazine has Boron atoms with double bonds connected to Nitrogen atoms in a hexagonal structure. How is it possible that the Boron atoms have a double bond?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 8:08 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: 2 Lone Pairs, Placement
Replies: 3
Views: 40

2 Lone Pairs, Placement

When you have 2 lone pairs, how do you know if you should place them next to each other (as with H2O) or if they should be opposite each other (as with XeF4)? I'm asking because the question of CH2 2- came up, and the structure isn't clear because I don't know where the 2 lone pairs should be placed...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 5:59 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Bent/Angular Shape
Replies: 4
Views: 58

Bent/Angular Shape

Can I assume that "angular" shape is the same as saying "bent" shape?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 25, 2018 5:56 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: HW 4.19
Replies: 1
Views: 43

HW 4.19

For the 6th edition textbook Homework Problem 4.19 (b) why do we write the bond angles (tetrahedral shape) around the Carbon atoms in addition to the shape around the central atom? Should we always do this when writing shapes of organic molecules?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Nov 24, 2018 5:34 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Bent Shape Angle
Replies: 1
Views: 27

Bent Shape Angle

Why does the Bent shape have bond angles less than 120 degrees rather than less than 180 degrees?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Nov 24, 2018 5:04 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Lewis Structure N2O
Replies: 4
Views: 63

Lewis Structure N2O

Why is Nitrogen the central atom in N2O?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 13, 2018 10:35 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Lewis Structures before Forces?
Replies: 2
Views: 40

Lewis Structures before Forces?

How have you guys been approaching the Homework Problems on Intermolecular forces? Should we always draw out the lewis structure and/or geometric shape of molecules before determining the possible/expected intermolecular forces? (otherwise, how will we predict the unique cases where the dipoles canc...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 13, 2018 10:33 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Lewis Structures before Forces
Replies: 3
Views: 60

Lewis Structures before Forces

If a question provides a molecule and then asks about the expected or potential intermolecular forces of the molecule, should we draw the lewis structure and/or geometric structure? I know that some molecules have a geometric shape that cancels out the dipoles, which changes the type of intermolecul...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 13, 2018 10:27 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Homework 6.1 c
Replies: 1
Views: 35

Homework 6.1 c

This problem comes from Homework 6.1 (c) on the 6th edition textbook.

For the molecule H2SeO4 , why can Hydrogen Bonding exist as an intermolecular force? Shouldn't the forces only be London or Dipole-Dipole?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 13, 2018 3:18 pm
Forum: *Liquid Structure (Viscosity, Surface Tension, Liquid Crystals, Ionic Liquids)
Topic: Shape and Boiling Point
Replies: 10
Views: 210

Re: Shape and Boiling Point

Stronger interactions imply that the bond is harder to break. Boiling points refer to the minimal temperature required to break the bonds of the substance. Therefore, stronger interactions cause the substance to have a higher boiling point, and vice versa.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 13, 2018 3:16 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Polarity
Replies: 3
Views: 56

Re: Polarity

It doesn't hurt. You can demonstrate this through an arrow that points the direction the electrons are being pulled. On exams and homework problems, the instructions will likely specify when you should demonstrate polarity.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Nov 13, 2018 3:11 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Biological Activity
Replies: 3
Views: 53

Re: Biological Activity

As an example, think of enzymes. Substrate-Enzyme relationships depend on active sites shape. The shape of an active site depends on electron density. Without the right match of a substrate, enzymes cannot function.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:54 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Lewis Structure(s)
Replies: 3
Views: 45

Lewis Structure(s)

On the exam, what if the question asks for the lewis structure of a structure that has resonance, but one of the structure has lower energy than the other 2 resonance structures? For example, SO 2 Technically, there are three resonance structures for SO 2 However, one of the three structures (the st...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:34 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: OCl2 Structure
Replies: 1
Views: 33

OCl2 Structure

Can someone confirm what the lewis structure of OCl2 is?

Is Chlorine the central atom (because it is less electronegative than oxygen)?

Can Chlorine form double bonds?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Nov 04, 2018 12:54 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Oxygen and Chlorine [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 53

Oxygen and Chlorine [ENDORSED]

Why is Oxygen more electronegative than Chlorine? (they are both adjacent to Fluorine so how would we be able to distinguish between them when looking at a periodic table)?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Thu Nov 01, 2018 9:57 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Glycine Lewis Structure
Replies: 1
Views: 33

Glycine Lewis Structure

Homework Problem 3.41 in the 6th Edition textbook:

Lewis Structure of Glycine H2C(NH2)COOH ?

Can someone please walk me through the process of creating this complex lewis structure in an efficient and/or strategic manner?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Oct 31, 2018 6:32 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Homework 2.59
Replies: 3
Views: 83

Re: Homework 2.59

The presence of exponents signifies that the atoms provided are not in their ground state but rather in ionic form. If we reflect on what Dr. Lavelle said in his lecture on Wednesday, ionic radius should increase as we go down a group. This is because each additional shell shields some electrons fr...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Oct 31, 2018 11:38 am
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Bond Strength and Resonance
Replies: 2
Views: 93

Bond Strength and Resonance

Why are bonds strengthened by resonance?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 30, 2018 10:18 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Midterm Electron Configuration
Replies: 1
Views: 102

Midterm Electron Configuration

Will we be asked for electron configurations involving the f-orbials (Row 6 and below) on the Midterm on Monday?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 23, 2018 7:23 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: DOWNLOAD SESSION WORKSHEETS HERE - Sundays 4-6pm (Karen) [ENDORSED]
Replies: 135
Views: 24338

Re: DOWNLOAD SESSION WORKSHEETS HERE - Sundays 4-6pm (Karen) [ENDORSED]

Many people have asked about #7 on Worksheet 2 and no one has responded.

Can someone please help us out and explain? The key is not clear... How did she get 1/n^2 = 0.0278 ???
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 23, 2018 3:00 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Study Guide Concept Question [ENDORSED]
Replies: 1
Views: 83

Study Guide Concept Question [ENDORSED]

A bullet point on the Study Guide reads, "With respect to electron transitions that give rise to a UV or visible spectrum: understand the difference between electronic transitions in atomic orbitals (atomic spectroscopy) and electronic transitions in molecular orbitals (molecular spectroscopy)....
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 23, 2018 2:48 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Test 2 Free Response [ENDORSED]
Replies: 1
Views: 123

Test 2 Free Response [ENDORSED]

I notice that in the textbook, when in solving equations, some solved equations are left with the constants written as their symbols and not as their numerical value. For example, see the photo I attached. Is this allowed for Test 2? Would we get full credit for an answer if we left the constants wr...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 23, 2018 2:44 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Question 1.15 sixth edition
Replies: 10
Views: 111

Re: Question 1.15 sixth edition

Which equation do we use to figure this out?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 23, 2018 2:43 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Rydberg Equation / Negatives on Test 2
Replies: 1
Views: 52

Rydberg Equation / Negatives on Test 2

I am struggling to understand what the values of n1 and n2 are. Should n1 always be the smallest of the two numbers, or should n1 be the final position of the electron where n2 is the initial position of the electron? Additionally, if the electron were transitioning from (let's say) n=4 to n=2, then...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Oct 21, 2018 4:33 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Orbitals and periodic table
Replies: 1
Views: 33

Re: Orbitals and periodic table

It's important to remember that the periodic table was designed after the properties of elements were discovered and is deliberately organized in that fashion. I found this video that explains period trends (like the ones you're describing): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XK-WTYncldA
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sun Oct 21, 2018 4:28 pm
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: What is the equation used for?
Replies: 9
Views: 126

Re: What is the equation used for?

It measures the uncertainty of the position or momentum of electrons
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 16, 2018 10:31 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Question 1.15 sixth edition
Replies: 10
Views: 111

Re: Question 1.15 sixth edition

Also, the solution to this problem says that the transition is from n = 1 to n = 3, but the problem says that energy was emitted during this process. Isn't energy only emitted when an electron transitions from a higher energy to a lower energy? So... if it transitioned from n =1 to n=3, it should ha...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 16, 2018 10:26 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Question 1.15 sixth edition
Replies: 10
Views: 111

Re: Question 1.15 sixth edition

Nicolette_Canlian_3G wrote:why is the energy level of 102.6 nm 1?


This is what i don't understand. Even when I see pictures of the spectroscopy with the Lyman series, I notice that 102.6 is one of the values next to a line, but I'm not sure how to identify that it is n=1 .
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 16, 2018 10:10 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: 1.11 Problem
Replies: 3
Views: 40

1.11 Problem

Hello, can someone thoroughly explain the answer to this homework problem {attached} ?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Fri Oct 12, 2018 6:19 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Post-Mod Assessment #40
Replies: 4
Views: 57

Re: Post-Mod Assessment #40

This is all I know about the answer
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Fri Oct 12, 2018 5:12 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Deriving Formula for Wavelength
Replies: 2
Views: 29

Re: Deriving Formula for Wavelength

Jovian Cheung 1K wrote:Image

Does it start like this? (I'm curious too) :o)



Yes, it started like that!
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Fri Oct 12, 2018 4:45 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Post-Mod Assessment #40
Replies: 4
Views: 57

Post-Mod Assessment #40

I cannot seem to get this question right for the life of me: "What is the wavelength of radiation emitted by a hydrogen atom in a transition from the n=6 to the n=5 energy level?" If you are able to help, could you actually write out all your numerical calculations (not just provide the th...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Fri Oct 12, 2018 4:35 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Deriving Formula for Wavelength
Replies: 2
Views: 29

Deriving Formula for Wavelength

In trying to solve the problem, "What is the wavelength emitted by a hydrogen atom in its transition from n=6 to n=5 energy level?" I tried to derive a formula from the formula E= ch/wavelength and E = -hR / n^2 I got the formula (wavelength) = -c (n^2) / R which I then used (Delta E) = Ef...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 09, 2018 7:15 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Rounding on Exams
Replies: 1
Views: 49

Rounding on Exams

While completing a practice test I noticed sometimes my answers were off by .001 and I am worried this will affect my scores on the exam. How accurate do we need to be on the test before we get points deducted? For example, if my answer was 3.21 x 10^27 and the answer key says it is 3.22 x 10^27 , w...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 09, 2018 6:06 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Test 1 Study Plan
Replies: 6
Views: 139

Re: Test 1 Study Plan

Is test 2 solely going to be Quantum World material, or will it be cumulative? I'm trying not to fall behind in Chapter 1, but I also want to continue studying the review topics This is a good question if one of the TAs/UAs/Professor has an actual answer. Consider this for now though: Chemistry is ...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 09, 2018 5:57 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Vacuum
Replies: 4
Views: 77

Re: Vacuum

What are the consequences of the electrons reacting with molecules in the air?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 09, 2018 3:11 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Vacuum
Replies: 4
Views: 77

Vacuum

Without having to go too in depth, can someone explain the reason for the idea of a"vacuum" and why this experiment has to take place under the conditions of one? I also noticed that a vacuum environment is a condition for the definition of the speed of light. Just looking for some backgro...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 09, 2018 3:08 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: 6th Edition, Problem M.11
Replies: 1
Views: 114

Re: 6th Edition, Problem M.11

This is one of the challenge problems of the homework for sure. After you finish part A, you know that O2 is the limiting reactant. Whenever we discover the limiting reactant, we use the mass value of that compound available and do some dimensional analysis to figure out how much product is produced...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 09, 2018 3:03 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Element Names & Symbols
Replies: 2
Views: 121

Re: Element Names & Symbols

I spoke to my TA, and really they are only looking for you to know the fundamental compounds. For example, Water (H20), Carbon Dioxide (C02), and the diatomic gases (H2, F2, etc.) Remember that a periodic table should be given for the exam!
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Oct 06, 2018 1:01 pm
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Formula Units?
Replies: 3
Views: 42

Formula Units?

A problem in the book asked, "How many formula units of the compound are present in 5.15 g of Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate?"

What are "formula units"?
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Oct 06, 2018 10:58 am
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Fundamental E3
Replies: 6
Views: 109

Fundamental E3

Please help I don't understand this problem! See attached IMG
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Oct 06, 2018 10:05 am
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Orbitals
Replies: 2
Views: 112

Re: Orbitals

When you lose electrons, they always come from the highest energy level first because they are furthest away from the nucleus. We know that 4s orbitals have a lower energy than the 3d so therefore 4s electrons are actually lost first in ionization before 3d.
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Sat Oct 06, 2018 9:51 am
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: post assessment
Replies: 1
Views: 39

Re: post assessment

5.00 g of KMnO4 is dissolved in a 150.00 mL flask of water. If 20.00 mL of this solution is removed and placed in a new 2nd 250.00 mL flask and filled with water, what is the concentration of the solution in the 2nd flask? Molar Masses: K (39.10 g/mol), Mn (54.94 g/mol), O (16.00 g/mol) Why do you u...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Wed Oct 03, 2018 12:38 am
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Two Limiting Reactants
Replies: 6
Views: 95

Two Limiting Reactants

I am stuck on the module post-assessment regarding whether two limiting reactants is possible. I would not think that two limiting reactants is possible unless the amounts of the two molecules perfectly completed the other. But then, no limiting reactant would exist. The options for why two limiting...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 02, 2018 10:17 pm
Forum: Accuracy, Precision, Mole, Other Definitions
Topic: Avogadro's Number
Replies: 2
Views: 61

Re: Avogadro's Number

It is universally applied through the definition of Avogadro's number, which is 6.02 x 10^23 particles. Scientists created the concept of the mole and defined it for their own purposes to convenience their calculations (so we just accept it for its definition and apply it as needed.) I have pondered...
by Isabel Nakoud 4D
Tue Oct 02, 2018 10:11 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Registering/Creating Your Chemistry Community Account
Replies: 17
Views: 15472

Re: Registering/Creating Your Chemistry Community Account

Can you clarify if its 2 points max. per week or 3 points max. ?


Thank you!

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