Search found 32 matches

by Ashley Kenney 1E
Fri Mar 15, 2019 12:15 pm
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: Concentration Cells
Replies: 2
Views: 41

Concentration Cells

Why would reduction take place in the cell with the higher concentration and not the cell with lower concentration?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Fri Mar 15, 2019 12:12 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Balanced Half Reactions
Replies: 5
Views: 200

Balanced Half Reactions

Do the balanced half reactions include the stoichiometric coefficients to make the number of electrons in the oxidation and reduction halves equal, or is a balanced half reaction only referring to the individual half reaction without consideration for the other half? Do we only multiply by coefficie...
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Tue Mar 12, 2019 9:31 pm
Forum: Reaction Mechanisms, Reaction Profiles
Topic: Including H2O in Rate Law
Replies: 1
Views: 58

Including H2O in Rate Law

When do we know to include H2O in the rate law when given reaction mechanisms that require you to use the pre-equilibrium approach (for example, problem 15.101 in the sixth edition textbook)? Will a problem generally indicate when water is a solvent and when it isn't? Thank you in advance!
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Mar 10, 2019 10:36 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: Pseudo rate laws
Replies: 2
Views: 48

Pseudo rate laws

Can someone explain what a pseudo rate law is, and in what context we would use a pseudo rate law? Also, practically speaking, why is it important for us to use and understand pseudo rate laws? Thank you in advance!
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Mar 10, 2019 3:09 pm
Forum: Reaction Mechanisms, Reaction Profiles
Topic: Microscopic Reversibility
Replies: 2
Views: 58

Microscopic Reversibility

Dr. Lavelle mentioned that microscopic reversibility is assumed/applied when K>>1 and k is much larger than k'. Can someone please explain what microscopic reversibility is and how it applies to forward and reverse reactions? Thank you in advance!
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sat Mar 09, 2019 9:06 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: 15.27 6th edition
Replies: 1
Views: 41

15.27 6th edition

Can someone explain what relationship or equation the solution manual used to solve for time in parts a and b in question 15.27? I did the entire problem by solving for the rate constant first and then using the first order integrated rate law, as the solution manual did for parts c and d, but I'm c...
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Mar 03, 2019 4:01 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Initial Reaction Rates
Replies: 2
Views: 49

Initial Reaction Rates

Why is it easier to study initial reaction rates rather than rates later in the reaction?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Mon Feb 25, 2019 12:19 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Conductors and Cell Diagrams
Replies: 1
Views: 36

Conductors and Cell Diagrams

How do you know when to put an inert conductor into a cell diagram?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Feb 24, 2019 5:34 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Order to balance
Replies: 6
Views: 94

Order to balance

When balancing half reactions, should we balance the electrons or the moles first? Also, we do we multiply the number of electrons by a stoichiometric coefficient?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Feb 24, 2019 5:15 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Balancing redox reactions in basic solutions
Replies: 2
Views: 67

Balancing redox reactions in basic solutions

Is there a way to tell which side of the reaction the OH- and the H2O should go on or is it just a matter of trying both until the equation is balanced?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sat Feb 23, 2019 11:56 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Rules for oxidation numbers
Replies: 2
Views: 63

Rules for oxidation numbers

What are the rules that we should know for assigning oxidation numbers? Thanks!
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sat Feb 16, 2019 9:07 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: State Function
Replies: 2
Views: 88

State Function

Why is change in internal energy a state function when it is comprised of things that are not state functions?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sat Feb 16, 2019 9:06 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Equilibrium Constant and Gibbs Free Energy
Replies: 3
Views: 82

Equilibrium Constant and Gibbs Free Energy

I'm a little confused as to how the equation is derived.
Where does the equilibrium constant come from in this equation? Thanks!
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sat Feb 16, 2019 12:26 am
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Max work
Replies: 1
Views: 39

Max work

Why is max work equal to the change in Gibbs free energy and what conditions must be met in order for this relationship to exist?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Feb 10, 2019 9:43 pm
Forum: Third Law of Thermodynamics (For a Unique Ground State (W=1): S -> 0 as T -> 0) and Calculations Using Boltzmann Equation for Entropy
Topic: Entropy of the Universe
Replies: 1
Views: 46

Entropy of the Universe

Why is the entropy of the universe greater than zero for a spontaneous reaction?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Feb 10, 2019 12:31 am
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Delta U
Replies: 8
Views: 151

Delta U

When is ?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Thu Feb 07, 2019 9:57 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Limiting Reagents
Replies: 5
Views: 206

Limiting Reagents

In what situations would you need to calculate the limiting reagent of a chemical reaction?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Feb 03, 2019 2:18 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Units for pressure
Replies: 10
Views: 160

Units for pressure

When calculating work, does it matter what unit of pressure is being used? Or should we convert whatever unit of pressure we are given to atmospheres?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Fri Feb 01, 2019 11:57 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Internal Energy
Replies: 3
Views: 113

Internal Energy

The textbook states that the internal energy of a monatomic ideal gas at a constant temperature is . How is this expression derived?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Mon Jan 28, 2019 9:02 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Cp and Cv
Replies: 3
Views: 54

Cp and Cv

The textbook and homework questions reference the constant R often when calculating heat given off by a system -- for example, the molar heat capacity of a monatomic ideal gas at constant pressure is C_{P,m}=\frac{5}{2}R Is this R supposed to by the ideal gas constant and are we supposed to use the ...
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Sun Jan 27, 2019 11:01 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Heat and Enthalpy
Replies: 2
Views: 39

Heat and Enthalpy

How can we distinguish between heat and enthalpy, conceptually?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Fri Jan 25, 2019 7:57 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Standard enthalpy of formation
Replies: 2
Views: 50

Standard enthalpy of formation

I'm a little confused what standard enthalpy of formation is. Can someone please explain it and its relationship to standard reaction enthalpy?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Mon Jan 21, 2019 3:31 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: 6th edition 12.81
Replies: 1
Views: 56

6th edition 12.81

The question says to calculate pH and ignore the second second deprotonation only when the approximation is justified. What approximation should I be using in order to make this judgement, and why does the approximation allow me to ignore the second deprotonation?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Fri Jan 18, 2019 10:39 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: 6th edition 12.45
Replies: 1
Views: 64

6th edition 12.45

I understand how to compare the strengths of bases based on the pka value of their conjugate bases, but the solution manual gives a further explanation of, "Although we should not draw conclusions from such a small data set, we might suggest the possibility that 1) arylamines < ammonia < alkyla...
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Thu Jan 17, 2019 5:42 pm
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: Strong acids and bases
Replies: 2
Views: 183

Strong acids and bases

What are the strong acids and bases that we should memorize?
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Mon Jan 14, 2019 10:52 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 6th edition 11.89
Replies: 1
Views: 34

6th edition 11.89

The balanced equation for this reaction is supposed to be 2A <--> B+ 2C. Can someone explain how we get the stoichiometric coefficients by looking at the graph provided? Thank you!
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by Ashley Kenney 1E
Thu Jan 10, 2019 9:29 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Definition of equilibrium
Replies: 4
Views: 78

Re: Definition of equilibrium

A reaction has reached equilibrium when the concentration of reactants and products no longer changes. Reactions are still occurring, but the rate at which reactants become products is equal to the rate at which products become reactants. For example in the reaction A\leftrightharpoons B , equilibri...
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Thu Jan 10, 2019 8:50 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Pv=nRT [ENDORSED]
Replies: 12
Views: 206

Re: Pv=nRT [ENDORSED]

Yes, you're right, ideal gas law uses temperature in Kelvin
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Wed Jan 09, 2019 10:55 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Help with question 11.43 6th edition [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 69

Help with question 11.43 6th edition [ENDORSED]

When determining the equilibrium relation, I understand where the terms x^2 and 2x come from, but I don't quite understand why we subtract 2x from the initial partial pressure of NO to create the expression of 1-2x. Can someone please explain this? Thank you!
by Ashley Kenney 1E
Tue Jan 08, 2019 9:36 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 11.7
Replies: 5
Views: 120

Re: 11.7

For part b, it's asking for the percentage of molecules that have decomposed, so you want to use a ratio of the number of diatomic molecules in flask three minus the number in flask one, to the number of diatomic molecules you began with in flask one. Taking the difference between the number of diat...

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