Search found 101 matches

by dtolentino1E
Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:36 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Final Content
Replies: 5
Views: 142

Re: Final Content

i actually do think that there will be hw questions on the exam! it's on the syllabus that the final will include hw questions, and i don't think that is going to change just because it's online.
by dtolentino1E
Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:34 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: q=qP
Replies: 3
Views: 83

Re: q=qP

this is especially useful to derive the equation delta G = delta H + w !!
by dtolentino1E
Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:30 pm
Forum: Calculating the pH of Salt Solutions
Topic: Is pH normally taken at equilibrium concentrations?
Replies: 3
Views: 158

Re: Is pH normally taken at equilibrium concentrations?

i think the problem will specify if the pH is at the initial or equilibrium state of the solution, because you could put that H+ concentration at either point when making your ICE table
by dtolentino1E
Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:27 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Conjugate Seesaw
Replies: 5
Views: 107

Re: Conjugate Seesaw

Ami is correct! The conjugate seesaw means that a weak acid will have a strong conjugate base
by dtolentino1E
Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:26 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Cvm/Cpm
Replies: 3
Views: 88

Re: Cvm/Cpm

3/2R and 5/2R are used for monoatomic or diatomic gases like N(g) or O2(g)
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 08, 2020 11:11 am
Forum: Reaction Mechanisms, Reaction Profiles
Topic: intermediates
Replies: 5
Views: 64

intermediates

will we have to come up with intermediates between two rxns, or will they be given to us? and if we have to make them up on our own, will multiple answers be acceptable?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 08, 2020 11:09 am
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: integrated rate laws
Replies: 7
Views: 75

integrated rate laws

what is the difference between a rate law and an integrated rate law?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 08, 2020 11:07 am
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: slow step
Replies: 4
Views: 67

slow step

how can you tell which step in a rxn is the rate-determining step/slow step? i get it by looking at a graph or something, but what if you only have the rxn in front of you?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 08, 2020 11:05 am
Forum: Reaction Mechanisms, Reaction Profiles
Topic: Pre-equilibrium help
Replies: 1
Views: 70

Re: Pre-equilibrium help

i learned a lot by watching this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irJ4ANrUXPI
he only mentions a little about pre-equilibrium, but i think overall, you will understand the most important aspects of kinetics!
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 08, 2020 11:00 am
Forum: Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics Controlling a Reaction
Topic: Checking Answers
Replies: 3
Views: 69

Re: Checking Answers

the book doesn't really mention any other ways to check your answers, so i don't think we will have to know that
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 08, 2020 10:58 am
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: Rate law
Replies: 3
Views: 88

Re: Rate law

i think it would be most appropriate to specify rate of consumption/production of A when you are dealing with multiple rate laws in one problem, or the question specifically asks you to specify
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 01, 2020 10:36 am
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: standard electrode potentials
Replies: 1
Views: 42

standard electrode potentials

for test #2, will we receive a list of all the standard electrode potentials needed along with the regular periodic table/equation sheet? kind of similar to the midterm?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 01, 2020 10:34 am
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Oxidation State/Number in General
Replies: 2
Views: 34

Re: Oxidation State/Number in General

i'm pretty sure this has to do with the electronegativity of the element, because some elements in compounds are more likely to attract electrons and have more stable/consistent oxidation states, while something like cardon can be a little more flexible.
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 01, 2020 10:32 am
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: The sign of ∆Gº
Replies: 2
Views: 47

Re: The sign of ∆Gº

i think this is referring to the equation ΔG=ΔG∘+RTlnQ
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 01, 2020 10:28 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Stronger Reducing Agent
Replies: 2
Views: 26

Re: Stronger Reducing Agent

for the ones with different oxidation states, i think you would have to think about the context of the rxn that you're using. if you write out the rxn you can calculate the oxidation state of Fe and go from there.
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 01, 2020 10:26 am
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Redox Reactions and Acid/Base Reactions
Replies: 9
Views: 107

Re: Redox Reactions and Acid/Base Reactions

redox rxns that aren't acid/base rxns would be like the oxidation of iron: Fe + O2 --> Fe2O3
by dtolentino1E
Sun Mar 01, 2020 10:23 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: 6.N3 (a)
Replies: 4
Views: 52

Re: 6.N3 (a)

i think you're supposed to calculate n by the number of electrons that need to be transferred in the rxn. so you would have to write out the half-rxns of the cathode and anode, and see that only 1 electron is transferred and therefore n = 1
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 23, 2020 11:22 am
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: adding/subtracting half-redox rxns
Replies: 4
Views: 58

adding/subtracting half-redox rxns

when we combine half-redox rxn like in Hess's law, why can't we also add together the E as if it was delta H?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 23, 2020 11:19 am
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: test 2 material clarification
Replies: 10
Views: 117

test 2 material clarification

will gibbs free energy be on test 2? specifically, the equations where we connect delta G and Q/K?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 23, 2020 11:18 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: EMF and Q
Replies: 1
Views: 19

EMF and Q

can someone explain the connection between having a negative or positive EMF and Q? i know that having more reactants in a rxn will make it more spontaneous bc the rxn will want to shift toward products, but how is this related to the potential difference in the cell?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 23, 2020 11:14 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Galvanic Cell emf
Replies: 3
Views: 40

Re: Galvanic Cell emf

how would a galvanic cell have a negative emf?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 23, 2020 11:11 am
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Galvanic/Voltaic cells
Replies: 3
Views: 28

Re: Galvanic/Voltaic cells

is there also a real-life example for other parts of the galvanic cell, such as the salt bridge?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 23, 2020 11:09 am
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: n
Replies: 13
Views: 181

Re: n

I believe 8.134 is the number used as the gas constant R! For n, we want to use the number of moles in the rxn
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 16, 2020 2:24 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Work and Gibbs Free Energy
Replies: 3
Views: 33

Re: Work and Gibbs Free Energy

i think temperature and pressure have to be constant, so that no energy is released as heat or entropy, but all used as work
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 16, 2020 2:22 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: endo/exo and temp
Replies: 12
Views: 437

endo/exo and temp

why do exothermic reactions shift to reactants and endothermic reactions shift to products when there is an increase in temperature?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 16, 2020 2:20 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: oxidation states (6K.1)
Replies: 2
Views: 14

oxidation states (6K.1)

how do i know the oxidation states of elements in compounds?

for example, in 6K.1, it says that C is oxidized from -2 to 1- in C2H5OH --> C2H4O
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 16, 2020 2:17 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: delta G and K
Replies: 2
Views: 30

delta G and K

will the equation to calculate K using delta G be on the next exam? (Test 2??)
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 16, 2020 2:16 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: 5.55
Replies: 4
Views: 75

5.55

A reaction used in the production of gaseous fuels from coal, which is mainly carbon, is C(s) + H2O(g) <--> CO(g) + H2(g). (a) Evaluate K At 900 K, given that the standard Gibbs free energies of formation of CO(g) and H2O(g) at 900 K are 2191.28 kJ/mol and 2198.08 kJ/mol, respectively. (b) A sample ...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 16, 2020 2:13 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: 6K.1
Replies: 1
Views: 15

6K.1

The following redox reaction is used in acidic solution in the Breathalyzer test to determine the level of alcohol in blood: H+(aq) + Cr2O7 2-(aq) + C2H5OH(aq) <--> Cr3+(q) + C2H4O(aq) + H2O(l) Identify the elements undergoing oxidation or reduction and indicate their initial and final oxidation num...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 09, 2020 12:06 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Calculating q when U is not 0
Replies: 1
Views: 18

Re: Calculating q when U is not 0

i think the main equation for q is q = n.C.deltaT where C is the heat capacity of the substance you are heating and n can be either grams or moles
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 09, 2020 12:05 pm
Forum: Entropy Changes Due to Changes in Volume and Temperature
Topic: 4F.17
Replies: 1
Views: 29

4F.17

in the solutions manual, there are three steps to solve this equation: 1. calculate delta S for heat reactants to 100 degrees celsius 2. calculate delta S for the vaporization of H2 at 100 degrees celsius 3. calculate delta S for the rxn when it cools back down to 85 degrees why is it necessary for ...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 09, 2020 12:01 pm
Forum: Phase Changes & Related Calculations
Topic: 4.23
Replies: 1
Views: 31

4.23

in this problem, we have to use the equation E = hc/λ and calculate the number of photons needed for the rxn
will we have to know this and other quantum equations for the midterm?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 09, 2020 11:57 am
Forum: Thermodynamic Definitions (isochoric/isometric, isothermal, isobaric)
Topic: constant p/v
Replies: 1
Views: 31

constant p/v

does anyone know what equations to use when there is the condition that the system is at constant pressure/constant volume? i'm looking for equations related to q, w, delta U, and entropy
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 09, 2020 11:53 am
Forum: Entropy Changes Due to Changes in Volume and Temperature
Topic: 4I.5
Replies: 4
Views: 65

4I.5

Suppose that 50.0 g of water at 20.0 degrees Celsius is mixed with 65.0 g of water at 50.0 degrees Celsius at constant atmospheric pressure in a thermally insulated vessel. Calculate Delta S and Delta S(total) for the process. in the solutions manual, the first step is to assume there is no change i...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 09, 2020 11:49 am
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: 4D.23
Replies: 2
Views: 43

4D.23

Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation of dinitrogen pentoxide from the following data: 2 NO(g) + O2(g) --> 2 NO2(g); delta H° = -114.1 kJ 4 NO2(g) + O2(g) --> 2 N2O5(g); delta H° = -110.2 kJ and from the standard enthalpy of formation of nitric oxide, NO (see Appendix 2A). how do i calculate ...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 02, 2020 4:10 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Difference between delta H and q
Replies: 2
Views: 35

Re: Difference between delta H and q

when a system is at constant pressure, q = delta H because the only energy being released is through heat
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 02, 2020 4:06 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Reversible Processes
Replies: 3
Views: 25

Re: Reversible Processes

i think it will be given in the problem if the rxn is reversible or not
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 02, 2020 4:03 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: 4B.9
Replies: 3
Views: 42

Re: 4B.9

no, we didn't go over adiabatic processes in class

i think for that question, we are just supposed to know that it's a closed system
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 02, 2020 4:02 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Hw 4A.13
Replies: 2
Views: 29

Re: Hw 4A.13

so in order to calculate delta U, we use the equation delta U = q(v) because it is at a constant volume so there is no work done so we need to figure out the q(rxn) by using the equaiton q(rxn/system) = q(surroundings) where the surroundings is the calorimeter first we need to figure out the specifi...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Feb 02, 2020 3:46 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: delta U = delta H - P delta V
Replies: 3
Views: 34

Re: delta U = delta H - P delta V

yes!

the change in internal energy (delta U) is usually calculated as heat (q) + work (w), but at constant pressure, q = delta H and w = -P(deltaV)
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 19, 2020 3:07 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Kc from K
Replies: 3
Views: 29

Re: Kc from K

do you know if K will mean Kp on the exam too? or will it explicitly state if we should calculate Kc or Kp?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 19, 2020 3:05 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: Writing acid and base equations for test 1?
Replies: 1
Views: 68

Re: Writing acid and base equations for test 1?

i think it's best to be prepared to write equations for acids and bases. if you know how to tell which compounds are acids and which are bases, then you can determine whether H30+ or OH- is produced (the trick is that acids give off a proton aka produced H3O+ and bases accept a proton aka produce OH...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 19, 2020 3:01 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Volume and pressure
Replies: 4
Views: 42

Re: Volume and pressure

volume and pressure have an inverse relationship, so a decrease in volume = increase in pressure and an increase in volume = decrease in pressure
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 19, 2020 2:59 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: autoprotolysis
Replies: 5
Views: 42

Re: autoprotolysis

Kw basically means the ratio of products/reactants in the breakdown of water (2H2O <--> H3O+ + OH-)
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 19, 2020 2:57 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Change in Volume?
Replies: 3
Views: 36

Re: Change in Volume?

a change in volume doesn't affect K in the long run, only temperature does
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 12, 2020 1:20 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Comparing K Values
Replies: 4
Views: 53

Re: Comparing K Values

i think being more thermodynamically stable means that the equation's K value is closer to 1 (meaning that the products and reactants have equal values at equilibrium)
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 12, 2020 1:18 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: ICE vs Normal Concentrations
Replies: 5
Views: 36

Re: ICE vs Normal Concentrations

I would say you should bring out the ICE boxes when the question makes an effort to distinguish the initial concentrations of R/P and their equilibrium concentrations
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 12, 2020 1:14 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5H.1
Replies: 2
Views: 23

Re: 5H.1

for these questions, use the morality notation of brackets [] to represent concentration. 1. write K = 2. write [products]/[reactants] and use the coefficient in the equation as an exponent 3. do not write elements or compounds that are solid (s) or liquid (l) for example, in 5H.1 a) N2 +3H2 <--> 2N...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 12, 2020 1:09 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Concentrations and the K value.
Replies: 7
Views: 71

Re: Concentrations and the K value.

I think it's because the coefficients in the reaction are representative of the molar ratio in the reaction, and the K value is basically a ration of the products/reactants by their concentration
by dtolentino1E
Sun Jan 12, 2020 1:08 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Equilibrium and Limiting Reagent
Replies: 2
Views: 23

Re: Equilibrium and Limiting Reagent

I don't really think the two will ever be connected in a problem because in limiting reactant questions we are trying to calculate the amount of product that can form by the reactants being fully used in the reaction. But in equilibrium question, we look at both the reaction from reactants to produc...
by dtolentino1E
Sat Dec 07, 2019 4:57 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: homework question 6C.17
Replies: 1
Views: 33

homework question 6C.17

Which is the stronger base, the hypobromite ion, BrO2, or morphine, C17H19O3N? Justify your answer.

for 6C.17, the solutions manual uses the pKb of each base to determine which is stronger. is it possible to tell which is a stronger base without using this calculation?
by dtolentino1E
Sat Dec 07, 2019 4:54 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: homework question 6A.17
Replies: 1
Views: 44

homework question 6A.17

for this question, how do i know that As2O3 and Bi2O3 are amphteric?

State whether the following oxides are acidic, basic, or amphoteric: (a) BaO; (b) SO3; (c) As2O3; (d) Bi2O3.
by dtolentino1E
Sat Dec 07, 2019 4:52 pm
Forum: Identifying Acidic & Basic Salts
Topic: homework question 6D.11
Replies: 2
Views: 115

homework question 6D.11

hi! i'm having trouble answering this question:

Decide whether an aqueous solution of each of the following salts has a pH equal to, greater than, or less than 7. Write a chemical equation to justify your answer. (a) NH4Br; (b) Na2CO3; (c) KF; (d) KBr; (e) AlCl3; (f) Cu(NO3)2.
by dtolentino1E
Sat Dec 07, 2019 4:48 pm
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: structures and formula for biological compounds
Replies: 1
Views: 50

structures and formula for biological compounds

hi! in the past exam questions review for the final, Lavelle went over a question that asked us to draw the structure of urea, and we also used cisplatin for another question. should we know how to draw all structures for the other biological coordination compounds as well? (myoglobin, hemoglobin, v...
by dtolentino1E
Sat Dec 07, 2019 4:44 pm
Forum: Industrial Examples
Topic: what examples should we know?
Replies: 3
Views: 155

what examples should we know?

what examples of coordination compounds with industrial importance should we know for the final?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Dec 01, 2019 9:24 am
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Coordination Number
Replies: 2
Views: 41

Re: Coordination Number

The coordination number of an atom in a molecule is the number of atoms bonded to the atom. For Cu+, it would simply be the possible amount of atoms that it could bond to.
by dtolentino1E
Sun Dec 01, 2019 9:22 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming Coordination Compounds
Replies: 3
Views: 65

Re: Naming Coordination Compounds

1. When naming a complex ion, the ligands are named before the metal ion. 2. Write the names of the ligands in the following order: neutral, negative, positive. If there are multiple ligands of the same charge type, they are named in alphabetical order. (Numerical prefixes do not affect the order.) ...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Dec 01, 2019 9:14 am
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: 6c.21
Replies: 1
Views: 26

Re: 6c.21

i think it would be more useful to look at the concentration of H atoms rather than the electronegativity to determine which is the weaker acid. acetic acid is considered weaker because it doesn't dissociate in solution as well as formic acid
by dtolentino1E
Sun Dec 01, 2019 9:11 am
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Lewis vs Bronsted
Replies: 4
Views: 44

Re: Lewis vs Bronsted

yes, bronsted acids are also lewis acids. when an acid loses a proton, it gains a lone pair
by dtolentino1E
Sun Dec 01, 2019 9:10 am
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Strength of Conjugate Acids and Bases
Replies: 3
Views: 57

Re: Strength of Conjugate Acids and Bases

strong acids are completely deprotonated in water, and donates that proton so easily to the conjugate base which means that there's no need for the conjugate base to have any pull on the proton, thus making it weak
by dtolentino1E
Sat Nov 23, 2019 9:52 am
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: Ringlike structures + chelating ligands
Replies: 2
Views: 28

Re: Ringlike structures + chelating ligands

also, because the ring-like structure of a chelating ligand will cause the cations to bind together really tightly, a compound with a lot of lone pair electrons will easily remove metals from a solution
by dtolentino1E
Sat Nov 23, 2019 9:43 am
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: bronsted and lewis acids
Replies: 2
Views: 26

bronsted and lewis acids

can an acid only be a bronsted acid or a lewis acid, or can they fall into both definitions? we learned that HCl, HBr, HNO3, and so on were bronsted acids because they loose a proton to a base, but can we also qualify any of them as a lewis acid (do they accept lone pair electrons?)
by dtolentino1E
Sat Nov 23, 2019 9:41 am
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: carboxyl group COOH
Replies: 3
Views: 33

carboxyl group COOH

how does the carboxyl group on C6H5COOH make the compound acidic?
by dtolentino1E
Sat Nov 23, 2019 9:33 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: oxidation states
Replies: 2
Views: 39

oxidation states

how do i find the oxidation state of a transition metal? so far, i've been confusing it with formal charge, but i know the two are different
by dtolentino1E
Sat Nov 23, 2019 9:31 am
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: myoglobin and hemoglobin
Replies: 3
Views: 59

myoglobin and hemoglobin

what should we know about myoglobin and hemoglobin? Dr. Lavelle went through a lot of information about these two molecules, but i'm unsure of what parts are important for the final
by dtolentino1E
Fri Nov 15, 2019 11:16 am
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Homework Problem 2E.7
Replies: 3
Views: 43

Re: Homework Problem 2E.7

is writing "less than 109.5" an exceptable answer, or do we have to give a specific number?
by dtolentino1E
Fri Nov 15, 2019 11:13 am
Forum: Sigma & Pi Bonds
Topic: Hybridization
Replies: 2
Views: 52

Re: Hybridization

hybridization happens when electrons of a molecule are promoted. it doesn't happen for every molecule, only which if the overall change is toward lower energy with higher energy electrons
by dtolentino1E
Fri Nov 15, 2019 11:04 am
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: nonpolar molecules
Replies: 5
Views: 42

nonpolar molecules

do nonpolar covalent bond only have london dispersion forces? or can they have any of the other molecular forces?
by dtolentino1E
Fri Nov 15, 2019 11:01 am
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: induced dipoles
Replies: 5
Views: 65

induced dipoles

how do induced dipoles happen? and what are some examples of a dipole-induced dipole molecules?
by dtolentino1E
Fri Nov 15, 2019 10:57 am
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: tetrahedral/triangular pyramidal
Replies: 2
Views: 27

tetrahedral/triangular pyramidal

hi there! i was just wondering how to tell the difference between a tetrahedral molecule and a triangular pyramidal molecule, or if they can sometimes be interchangeable. I remember from the textbook that lone pairs are considered significant regions of high electron configurations just like bonds. ...
by dtolentino1E
Tue Nov 12, 2019 5:57 pm
Forum: Octet Exceptions
Topic: Octet Exceptions
Replies: 2
Views: 134

Re: Octet Exceptions

their valence shells are 1s and 2s, which don't even have enough orbitals for eight electrons. these elements are stable with just 2 (H, He) or 4 (Li, Be)
by dtolentino1E
Tue Nov 12, 2019 5:54 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: ... hm.
Replies: 3
Views: 58

Re: ... hm.

resonance structures occur when you can shift the bonds in a molecule around. i think you're talking about created an entirely different lewis structure, which wouldn't be considered resonance.
by dtolentino1E
Tue Nov 12, 2019 5:52 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: 3F.15
Replies: 3
Views: 40

Re: 3F.15

a higher boiling point means that the elements in the molecule are highly attracted to each other i.e. the intermolecular forces are strong. because AsF3 is a polar molecule (F, as the most electromagnetic element, creates a dipole) the bonds between the elements are stronger and will take more ener...
by dtolentino1E
Tue Nov 12, 2019 5:48 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Help of 3F.11
Replies: 5
Views: 56

Re: Help of 3F.11

i know i remember by the acronym FON (the elements fluorine, oxygen, and nitrogen)
by dtolentino1E
Tue Nov 12, 2019 5:47 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Test 2
Replies: 3
Views: 42

Re: Test 2

Alexa is right, it is everything we have learned up until the exam
by dtolentino1E
Sun Nov 03, 2019 6:14 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: formal charge
Replies: 6
Views: 43

Re: formal charge

i don't think you have to check formal charge for every structure, just when the question asks you to. For drawing lewis structures, I think it's more important to fill up an octet than it is to have low formal charges
by dtolentino1E
Sun Nov 03, 2019 6:12 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: Electron configuration
Replies: 1
Views: 33

Re: Electron configuration

4s is considered lower energy than 3d
by dtolentino1E
Sun Nov 03, 2019 6:10 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Lewis Acids and Bases
Replies: 2
Views: 36

Lewis Acids and Bases

What makes something a Lewis acid/base? And what do coordinate covalent bonds have to do with acid-base rxns?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Nov 03, 2019 6:08 pm
Forum: Octet Exceptions
Topic: Biological Impacts of Radicals
Replies: 4
Views: 56

Re: Biological Impacts of Radicals

radicals affect the body at a cellular level because they are very reactive and will react with DNA, causing it to mutate
by dtolentino1E
Sun Nov 03, 2019 6:06 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Covalent Character and Polarizability
Replies: 2
Views: 69

Covalent Character and Polarizability

Hi! Could someone please explain the connection between polarizability and covalent character in an ionic bond? Also, does electronegativity play a role in a bond's covalent/ionic character as well?
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 27, 2019 9:05 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Rydberg Equation
Replies: 3
Views: 69

Re: Rydberg Equation

the Rydberg equation is usually used to calculate the wavelength of a spectral line, but in hw problems we've also used it to find the energy level n1 or n2 of a certain line. the only constant is the Rydberg constant, which is explained above, but there's also the energy levels n1 and n2, which cor...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 27, 2019 9:00 am
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Drawing Lewis Structure
Replies: 6
Views: 47

Re: Drawing Lewis Structure

since we've been drawing all of the lone pairs in class and in hw, it's safe to say that yes, you will have to draw those for the exam. however, i remember some teachers using a line instead of dots to represent lone pairs, so if you want to find alternate ways to draw your lewis structures just tal...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 27, 2019 8:57 am
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Midterm
Replies: 6
Views: 214

Re: Midterm

yes, the midterm is cumulative, so we will have all the topics discussed in class up until the day before the exam. if you want to know what are popular topics/questions on the midterm, i would recommend finding old exams to practice or just look at. they have a lot available at sac, or a couple onl...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 27, 2019 8:54 am
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Explaining periodic trends
Replies: 3
Views: 45

Re: Explaining periodic trends

i think it's less about what factors are most important, and more about what factors are the strongest, i.e. what forces holds the bonds together the best. also, you have to think about how these factors are kind of like products of one another and are interrelated (for example, because of an increa...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 27, 2019 8:51 am
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: hybrid/line structure
Replies: 2
Views: 30

Re: hybrid/line structure

from what I understand, you can substitute this kind of structure for the lewis structure at any time, because it's an organic compound, and this is just another way of representing the compound. I know he said we wouldn't be doing much o-chem this quarter, so I wouldn't worry about it
by dtolentino1E
Sat Oct 19, 2019 8:28 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: mass of electron, proton, neutron
Replies: 7
Views: 101

mass of electron, proton, neutron

hi! on some of the hw problems we've had to use the mass of an electron/proton/neutron in certain calculations, will it be necessary to memorize those values for an exam, or will they be on an equation sheet? thank you!
by dtolentino1E
Sat Oct 19, 2019 8:20 pm
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: n, l, m
Replies: 4
Views: 56

Re: n, l, m

n, l, and m are all quantum numbers n = principle quantum number - it measures energy and size of an orbital, also called the "shell" - it has values of integers (0,1,2,3,4...) l = angular momentum quantum number - it measures shape of an orbital, called "subshell" - it has value...
by dtolentino1E
Sat Oct 19, 2019 8:15 pm
Forum: DeBroglie Equation
Topic: 1B #15
Replies: 4
Views: 58

1B #15

hi! would someone please walk me through their steps for this problem? The velocity of an electron that is emitted from a metallic surface by a photon is 3.63 e 3 km.s^-1. (a) What is the wavelength of the ejected electron? (b) No electrons are emitted from the surface of the metal until the frequen...
by dtolentino1E
Sat Oct 19, 2019 8:01 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Conceptual vs. problem
Replies: 2
Views: 47

Re: Conceptual vs. problem

no, i don't think we have to know how these equations were derived for this class, because the math behind that is much more advanced than what we're supposed to know. just be sure you know the concepts behind each equation and how to apply it to problems!
by dtolentino1E
Sat Oct 19, 2019 8:00 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: Easy Mnemonics for the 3 Principles!
Replies: 1
Views: 36

Re: Easy Mnemonics for the 3 Principles!

thank you, this is very helpful!
by dtolentino1E
Sat Oct 19, 2019 7:58 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Electron structures
Replies: 2
Views: 52

Re: Electron structures

technically yes, i guess it doesn't really matter which space you put your first arrow bc it's in the same orbital/subshell, but i think it's best that you just fill it in from left to right just so it's less confusing that way!
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 13, 2019 2:56 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Wavelength properties of electrons
Replies: 4
Views: 62

Re: Wavelength properties of electrons

hi there! i believe it is because the wavelength of macroscopic objects is just too small. if you look at the De Broglie equation, wavelength = h/mv, the larger the mass, the smaller the wavelength will be because planck's constant is divided by mass. when the wavelength is just that small, then the...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 13, 2019 2:51 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Turning in Extra HW problems
Replies: 10
Views: 211

Re: Turning in Extra HW problems

absolutely it is most effective to do all the hw problems on the list! i think you get a more thorough understanding of the concept that way, and you feel more familiar with the calculations and equations.
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 13, 2019 2:47 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Best Way To Study?
Replies: 56
Views: 1174

Best Way To Study?

hi guys! my question is about what you all seem to find is the best studying strategy for this class. so far i've been watching youtube videos along with just taking notes during lecture and reading/doing hw problems from the textbook, but i'm curious to see what other methods people use to study th...
by dtolentino1E
Sun Oct 13, 2019 2:41 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Work Function
Replies: 2
Views: 47

Re: Work Function

hi there! the work function is the amount of energy needed to remove an electron from a metal surface i think more often than not it will be given in hw problems, but if there comes a time when you need to calculate it, it should be quite easy if you use the equation from lecture ( the work function...
by dtolentino1E
Tue Oct 08, 2019 11:30 am
Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
Topic: empirical to molecular formula [ENDORSED]
Replies: 9
Views: 390

empirical to molecular formula [ENDORSED]

hi! so when you are trying to calculate the molecular formula and you are given the empirical formula and the mass of whatever compound, i know that you're supposed to calculate the molar mass from the empirical formula and find a ratio between the masses, then multiply by whatever number it comes o...
by dtolentino1E
Thu Oct 03, 2019 8:49 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Homework Problem M.9
Replies: 2
Views: 73

Re: Homework Problem M.9

basically, yes.
for net ionic equations, you want to take out the elements of which don't form a precipitate in the products. these are called "spectator ions", because they stay dissolved in the aqueous solution as both a reactant and a product.
by dtolentino1E
Thu Oct 03, 2019 8:45 am
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Homework Question
Replies: 3
Views: 58

Re: Homework Question

hi there! if you balance the equation, i believe it actually comes out to 4 molecules of NH3 for 5 molecules of O2. 4NH3(g) + 5O2(g) ---> 4NO(g) + 6H2O(g) because of this, when you calculate moles of reactants, you must take into account the molar ratio of these molecules before deciding the limitin...
by dtolentino1E
Tue Oct 01, 2019 4:48 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Question about E9 [ENDORSED]
Replies: 3
Views: 112

Re: Question about E9 [ENDORSED]

hi! even though formula writing isn't specifically mentioned in outline 1, i think it's implied that we should be able to write out formulas from symbols and vice versa, because one of the bullet points is to be able to "Write symbols for the elements, given their names, and vice versa". i...
by dtolentino1E
Tue Oct 01, 2019 4:34 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Fundamentals: G#25
Replies: 2
Views: 59

Fundamentals: G#25

hey guys! i have a question for #25 in the G section for fundamentals. it's asking how many molecules will be present in 10. mL of the final solution after diluting 10. mL with a concentration of 0.10 mol L^-1 90 times. i remember a key concept was that moles stays the same during dilutions. does th...

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