## Search found 103 matches

Fri Mar 13, 2020 10:42 am
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: Endgame Q.2D
Replies: 2
Views: 41

### Re: Endgame Q.2D

For part D, start off with the nernst equation : E=Eo-(RT/nF) *lnQ, and since you have every value other than K, rearrange the equation to solve for K. Since K = ([Ce3+]^2 * [Fe2+]) / ([Ce4+]^2), and you have the concentrations of Ce3+ and Ce4+, you can solve for the missing concentration [Fe2+]. Ho...
Thu Mar 12, 2020 11:39 am
Forum: Zero Order Reactions
Topic: All reactants zero order?
Replies: 7
Views: 109

### Re: All reactants zero order?

I mean, I don't see a scenario where it couldn't be possible. . but yeah just know that these type of reactions are typically found when a material that is required for a reaction to proceed-surface/catalyst-is saturated by the reactants. Hope this helps! :D
Thu Mar 12, 2020 11:33 am
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: Battery
Replies: 8
Views: 126

### Re: Battery

Yes when the cell potential is 0, and given the deltaG = -nFE, gibbs free energy would also be zero, and the battery is dead! :D
Mon Mar 09, 2020 10:59 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Approximating X
Replies: 13
Views: 148

### Approximating X

When solving ICE tables or a equilibrium concentration for a R/P, for what value of Q/K do you approximate x, so you don't have to use the quadratic formula. Thnx in advance!
Mon Mar 09, 2020 10:52 pm
Forum: Method of Initial Rates (To Determine n and k)
Topic: How to determine slow step?
Replies: 9
Views: 82

### Re: How to determine slow step?

Typically, the problem will tell you if it is aslow or fast step, at least the problems in the textbook do : )
Sun Mar 08, 2020 7:38 pm
Forum: First Order Reactions
Topic: Graphing 1st order reaction rates
Replies: 6
Views: 45

### Re: Graphing 1st order reaction rates

We use ln[A] on the y-axis in order to get a linear graph. If you graph [A] vs t, you get a exponential decay. We use ln[A] to calculate the rate constant, -k, which is the slope on the line.
Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:26 pm
Forum: *Identifying Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary Carbons, Hydrogens, Nitrogens
Topic: Will the Final for 14B have Identification?
Replies: 8
Views: 227

### Re: Will the Final for 14B have Identification?

If Dr.Lavelle didn't mention/ go over it during lecture, I doubt it'll be on the final : )
Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:24 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Who makes the Final
Replies: 23
Views: 376

### Re: Who makes the Final

I'm pretty sure Lavelle chooses what problems go on all midterms/finals, but I wouldn't be suprised if the TAs had some input as well.
Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:21 pm
Forum: General Rate Laws
Topic: derivations?
Replies: 5
Views: 52

### Re: derivations?

I don't think we'll need to, I would just focus on how you derive the differential and integrated rate laws.
Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:19 pm
Forum: Method of Initial Rates (To Determine n and k)
Topic: 7A.15
Replies: 5
Views: 35

### Re: 7A.15

For this problem, I would suggest to start with finding what order C is in. If you compare experiements 1 & 4, you see that when C doubles and A/B stay the same, the rate is the same. So, knowing that C is in 0 order, you know that changes in concentration wont affect the rate. You can find orde...
Sun Mar 01, 2020 7:18 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Writing cell diagrams
Replies: 7
Views: 70

### Re: Writing cell diagrams

Yes, on one side(anode/cathode reaction) if 2 species are in the same phase then you separate them using a comma even if one is a reactant and one is a product. You use a singular line to separate two species that are in different phases ((s) | (aq)). Hope this helps! :)
Sun Mar 01, 2020 6:55 pm
Forum: Appications of the Nernst Equation (e.g., Concentration Cells, Non-Standard Cell Potentials, Calculating Equilibrium Constants and pH)
Topic: pH?calculating ph
Replies: 2
Views: 39

### Re: pH?calculating ph

Typically, you would arrange the Nernst equation in order to solve for Q, the reaction quotient, and then if the problem gives you the concentrations of other species, you set Q = [P]/[R], and solve for the concentration of [H+] ions. Then to find pH you take -log[H+].
Sun Mar 01, 2020 4:17 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: usage of platinum of cell diagrams
Replies: 5
Views: 50

### Re: usage of platinum of cell diagrams

Typically you include a Pt electrode in the diagram if there is no solid present for either the anode reaction or the cathode reaction. So if there is a solid present on one side (Cu (s)) yet only aqueous solutions on the other (Fe2+(aq)), then you would use a Pt electrode on the side that lacks a s...
Sun Mar 01, 2020 4:14 pm
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: delta G = -nFE(cell) Variables
Replies: 2
Views: 37

### Re: delta G = -nFE(cell) Variables

delta G = change in gibbs free energy (energy to do work)
n = (# of moles of electrons transferred)
F = (Faraday's Constant , usually 96,485)
E = (cell potential)
Hope this helps! : )
Sun Mar 01, 2020 3:46 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Chem community posts
Replies: 3
Views: 69

### Re: Chem community posts

I'm pretty sure its 5 per week and I think the deadline is Sunday night !
Sun Feb 23, 2020 7:17 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Galvanic Cell Notation
Replies: 3
Views: 52

### Galvanic Cell Notation

How do you write the notation for galvanic cell in which there is no solid oxidizing/reducing agent present:
Ex: H2(g) + Cl2(g) ---> 2HCl(aq). Thnx in advance!
Sun Feb 23, 2020 1:47 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Galvanic cell vs battery system
Replies: 3
Views: 42

### Re: Galvanic cell vs battery system

Typically, a battery consists of multiple Galvanic cells, but yeah they're pretty much the same thing as they both consist of 2 half cells-1 reduction half cell and 1 oxidation half cell.
Sun Feb 23, 2020 1:39 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Acidic vs Basic
Replies: 4
Views: 52

### Acidic vs Basic

What's the main difference between balancing redox rxns that occur in acidic solution and balancing redox rxns that occur in basic solutions?
Sun Feb 23, 2020 1:33 pm
Forum: Work, Gibbs Free Energy, Cell (Redox) Potentials
Topic: Anode & cathode
Replies: 5
Views: 68

### Re: Anode & cathode

Additionally, I'd say that it might help to know that anions flow to the anode to balance the charge and cations flow to the cathode to balance the charge as well. :D
Sun Feb 23, 2020 1:24 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: balancing acidic vs. basic solutions
Replies: 3
Views: 51

### Re: balancing acidic vs. basic solutions

Yeah, when balancing redox reactions the problem will usually mention if it takes place in an acidic or basic solution.
Sun Feb 16, 2020 12:52 am
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Multiplying by number of elections gained/lost
Replies: 3
Views: 55

### Re: Multiplying by number of elections gained/lost

Lets say you have a simple reaction 5Fe+2 ---> 5Fe+3
In this case, each iron has lost an electron, so to find the total # of electrons lost you multiply electrons lost per molecule by the stoichiometric coefficient. 1x5 = 5 electrons lost.
Sun Feb 16, 2020 12:18 am
Forum: Van't Hoff Equation
Topic: T1 and T2
Replies: 7
Views: 51

### Re: T1 and T2

Yeah remember that temperature changes also affect changes in equilibrium (K) which is why there is a seperate T1/K1 and T2/K2.
Sun Feb 16, 2020 12:14 am
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: simplifying half reactions
Replies: 3
Views: 33

### Re: simplifying half reactions

So when you have one species as a reactant in the first half-reaction and you have the same species as a product in the second half-reaction, you can cross out/cancel both when you add both reactions to make your overall reaction.
Thu Feb 13, 2020 6:28 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: homework
Replies: 3
Views: 45

### Re: homework

Yeah I think it ok to turn in homework problems from any of the topics that we had to cover for the midterm.
Tue Feb 11, 2020 10:26 am
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Cp and Cv in a not ideal gas
Replies: 1
Views: 32

### Re: Cp and Cv in a not ideal gas

Yea I think Lavelle said on Monday that if there is a problem like that, the question will give you the Cv or Cp.
Sun Feb 09, 2020 8:36 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Definitions (isochoric/isometric, isothermal, isobaric)
Topic: State Functions
Replies: 5
Views: 61

### Re: State Functions

Haha I think it was something like "When you are under Pressure and Depressed, watch TV and get HUGS

Pressure, Density, Temperature, Volume, Enthalpy, Internal Energy, Gibbs Free Energy, and Entropy in that order.

Hope that helps : )
Sun Feb 09, 2020 8:21 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: State Function
Replies: 7
Views: 65

### Re: State Function

Yeah pretty much, since ΔG= ΔH - TΔS and all those components are state functions, you could assume ΔG is also a state function.
Sat Feb 08, 2020 10:00 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: 4J.1
Replies: 1
Views: 21

### Re: 4J.1

If a reaction is exothermic than ΔH will be negative. If ΔH is negative and the exothermic reaction leads to a increase in entropy of the system(+ΔS) than ΔG will be negative and the reaction will occur spontaneously.
Sat Feb 08, 2020 7:32 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Bond Enthalpies
Replies: 3
Views: 30

### Re: Bond Enthalpies

Yeah i'd suggest drawing the lewis structures for both reactants and products and designated which bonds are broken and which are formed. Then: ΔH(formed) - ΔH(broken).
Sat Feb 08, 2020 10:06 am
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Midterm equation sheet
Replies: 16
Views: 196

### Re: Midterm equation sheet

Yeah the equation sheet you see on the website will be the one given to us on the midterm.
Sun Feb 02, 2020 9:44 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Isolated system
Replies: 10
Views: 152

### Re: Isolated system

You can think of a thermos as an isolated system as well! It can't exchange matter with its surroundings, and given its insulation, it can't exchange energy(heat) either!
Sun Feb 02, 2020 9:32 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Enthalpy
Replies: 7
Views: 61

### Re: Enthalpy

In terms of enthalpy, ΔH = q only when pressure is constant.
Sun Feb 02, 2020 9:16 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Internal energy
Replies: 5
Views: 38

### Re: Internal energy

U stands for all energy consisting in my closed system, and is the sum of all heat in or released by a system (H) and all work done or done by a system (w).
Sun Feb 02, 2020 1:31 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: 4b.3b
Replies: 3
Views: 41

### Re: 4b.3b

Norman Dis4C wrote:but why is the answer not 490J but 9000J?

The answer is 4.90 x 10^2 J , which could also me written as "490 J" as the sig figs are the same. Im sure it was just a small miscalculation on his part.
Sun Feb 02, 2020 1:27 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Equation
Replies: 4
Views: 40

### Re: Equation

Do we need to know the integral and derivative for the midterm? Im not 100% sure considering we haven't gone over a problem using integrals in class, but I think you should definitely try and study it. If you need help Dr.Lavelle has a page on his website titled "Common Antiderivatives" w...
Sun Jan 26, 2020 8:04 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Pressure vs. Volume
Replies: 6
Views: 74

### Re: Pressure vs. Volume

Assuming that moles (n) is constant, if you increase the pressure, volume will decrease, and whatever side has more moles of reactants/products, the reaction will shift to the opposite.
Sun Jan 26, 2020 7:18 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Kp to Kc
Replies: 11
Views: 79

### Re: Kp to Kc

Yeah it usually relies on the problem and if it gives you the calculations in concentration (mol.L) or pressure (bar, atm, etc..) You can calculate both Kp and Kc of water in its gaseous form.
Sun Jan 26, 2020 7:12 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Kp to Kc
Replies: 11
Views: 79

### Re: Kp to Kc

Yeah it usually relies on the problem and if it gives you the calculations in concentration (mol.L) or pressure (bar, atm, etc..) You can calculate both Kp and Kc of water in its gaseous form.
Tue Jan 21, 2020 10:46 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Week 3 hmwrk problems
Replies: 2
Views: 22

### Week 3 hmwrk problems

Are we able to turn in homework problems from the first two topics considering that's whats going to be on the test this week?
Tue Jan 21, 2020 10:44 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Prepping for Test
Replies: 6
Views: 68

### Re: Prepping for Test

Yeah I would say go over the homework examples, the examples we did in class, and perhaps take a peak at the online modules on Dr.Lavelle's website. You should be good!
Sun Jan 19, 2020 10:50 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: ICE tables for reverse rxns
Replies: 4
Views: 43

### ICE tables for reverse rxns

Should we know how to use ice tables for when the reverse reaction occurs in certain reactions? In what conditions can we tell that the reaction will shift left instead of right?
Sun Jan 19, 2020 10:37 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Acids and Bases
Replies: 1
Views: 28

### Re: Acids and Bases

No I don't think we need to know about reaction rates for the upcoming test at least.
Sun Jan 19, 2020 10:34 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: ICE Table
Replies: 2
Views: 30

### Re: ICE Table

Uhh depending on the question being given, you should always assume that they will reach equilibrium yeah.
Sun Jan 19, 2020 10:04 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: ICE Tables
Replies: 8
Views: 97

### Re: ICE Tables

One way that you can help figure out if the reaction is proceeding forwards (-x from reactants) or backwards (-x from products) is to look at the the Keq (equilibrium constant) if it provides it in the question. If the Keq is < (1.0 x 10^3), then the reaction will proceed forward(-x from reactants, ...
Sun Jan 19, 2020 9:37 pm
Forum: Identifying Acidic & Basic Salts
Topic: Strong Acids & Bases Ions
Replies: 3
Views: 98

### Re: Strong Acids & Bases Ions

In terms of identifying strong acids/bases, I would honestly just memorize them as there are around 7 each, and just know that they dissociate completely in water.
Sun Jan 12, 2020 7:02 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Equilibrium Concentrations using I and K
Replies: 3
Views: 35

### Equilibrium Concentrations using I and K

How do you go about solving for an equilibrium concentration for a product when only given the initial values of the reactants and the value of K?
Ex: Br2 + Cl2 = 2BrCl
Inital concentrations for reactants: 0.200 M
Kc = 7.20 @ 200 C
Sun Jan 12, 2020 4:02 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: When to use Kc vs Kp
Replies: 7
Views: 59

### Re: When to use Kc vs Kp

Typically you would use Kp when dealing with reactants and products that are both in the gas state(g).
You would using Kc when dealing with reactants and products that are both in an aqueous(aq) state.

Hope this helps! : )
Sun Jan 12, 2020 4:00 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Q and direction
Replies: 4
Views: 41

### Re: Q and direction

Typically if Q<K, then the reaction will proceed from left to right (reactants→products)
If Q>K, then the reaction will proceed from right to left (reactants←products)
Sun Jan 12, 2020 3:51 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Rounding in K problems
Replies: 4
Views: 41

### Re: Rounding in K problems

Yeah id say just use the exact values the problem give you when calculating Kc and then apply sig figs to your final answer.
Wed Jan 08, 2020 2:08 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Understanding Q
Replies: 13
Views: 109

### Re: Understanding Q

Considering you omit solids and liquids when calculating the equilibrium constant, I would say yes, leave out solids and liquids when calculating the reaction quotient.
Sat Dec 07, 2019 12:24 pm
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: Cisplatin function
Replies: 1
Views: 49

### Cisplatin function

Can someone explain how cisplatin's structure contributes to its function in forming a coordination compound with DNA and stopping cell division? Thnx in advance.
Sat Dec 07, 2019 11:26 am
Forum: DeBroglie Equation
Topic: converting from nm to m
Replies: 3
Views: 144

### Re: converting from nm to m

You should probably convert your answer to nm if you get something like 2.13*10^(-7)m , but, as long as you keep track of your sig figs I don't think you'll get marked down for it.
Sat Dec 07, 2019 11:19 am
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: Main Difference
Replies: 1
Views: 36

### Re: Main Difference

A lewis acid accepts an electron pair while a lewis base donates an electron pair.
A Brønsted acid donates a proton(H+) while a Brønsted base accepts a proton (H+).
Fri Dec 06, 2019 1:33 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: naming of coordination compounds
Replies: 1
Views: 39

### Re: naming of coordination compounds

There is a table in focus 9C in the textbook that I found pretty helpful when naming coordination compounds, try and practice with some of the problems in 9C as well.
Fri Dec 06, 2019 1:30 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: biological importance
Replies: 2
Views: 38

### Re: biological importance

For coordination compounds I think you should mainly focus on the naming aspect, but I don't think it would hurt to become familiar with the function of some of the compounds like cisplatin.
Fri Dec 06, 2019 1:21 pm
Forum: Formal Charge and Oxidation Numbers
Topic: Oxidation Number
Replies: 2
Views: 130

### Re: Oxidation Number

Typically for oxidation numbers you can look at trends on the periodic table.
For instance elements group 1 is most likely to lose one electron, so it has a oxidation number of +1.
Elements Group 2 most likely loses 2 electrons, so its +2, etc. . .
Sun Dec 01, 2019 7:06 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Arrhenius
Replies: 3
Views: 42

### Arrhenius

Did prof Lavelle go over Arrhenius acids and bases in lecture? If not will we be expected to know them for the final?
Sun Dec 01, 2019 7:03 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Lewis v. Bronsted
Replies: 2
Views: 33

### Lewis v. Bronsted

Can someone explain the difference between a Bronsted acid and a Lewis acid?
Sun Dec 01, 2019 6:56 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Week 10 Classes
Replies: 7
Views: 168

### Re: Week 10 Classes

I'm pretty sure Monday-Wednesday we will finish up Acids & Bases and Friday will be a review session.
Sun Dec 01, 2019 6:55 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: Calculating pH of bases
Replies: 3
Views: 65

### Calculating pH of bases

How do you calculate the pH when a problem gives you the concentration of a base?
Sun Dec 01, 2019 6:54 pm
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: Calculating pH
Replies: 4
Views: 37

### Re: Calculating pH

Typically, you take the negative log of the H+ ion concentration: pH = -log([H+])
Ex: Calculate the pH of 0.040 M HCL
- [H+] = 0.040
- -log([0.040])
- = 1.4
Sun Nov 24, 2019 2:38 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Homework problems Week 9
Replies: 4
Views: 46

### Homework problems Week 9

Does anyone know if we can turn in homework problems from focus 9C during week 9? Thnx in advance!
Sun Nov 24, 2019 2:28 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Final
Replies: 3
Views: 44

### Re: Final

I'm pretty sure Dr. Lavelle will offer review sessions before our final, but I'd make sure to ask your TA just in case.
Sun Nov 24, 2019 2:26 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming in alphabetical order?
Replies: 2
Views: 31

### Re: Naming in alphabetical order?

I'm assuming you're talking about naming coordination compounds? If so, when naming the ligands you usually name them in alphabetical order:
Ex: [Cr(Cl)2(NH3)4]+
Ligands: Chlorine, Ammonia
Naming: tetraammine-dichloridochromium(III) ion
Thu Nov 21, 2019 10:34 am
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Wednesday Lecture
Replies: 2
Views: 73

### Re: Wednesday Lecture

Lavelle gave us an introduction to coordination compounds, ligands, and their biological importance. Its focus 9C in the textbook if you want to catch up!
Thu Nov 21, 2019 10:29 am
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Forces
Replies: 3
Views: 54

### Re: Forces

I believe dipole-induced dipole forces are between a polar and nonpolar molecule, while induced dipole-induced dipole can occur between 2 polar or 2 nonpolar molecules, which is the same thing as London forces.
Sun Nov 17, 2019 11:44 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Multiple central atoms
Replies: 2
Views: 34

### Multiple central atoms

For the test, are we expected to figure out the molecular geometry of molecules with more than one central atom?
Sun Nov 17, 2019 10:44 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Lone vs. Bonding Pair
Replies: 6
Views: 80

### Lone vs. Bonding Pair

Can someone explain to me why lone pairs around the central atom have more repulsion than bonded pairs? Thnx! : )
Fri Nov 15, 2019 6:33 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Angular/Bent Angles
Replies: 3
Views: 53

### Re: Angular/Bent Angles

For the AX2E1 BA, if you look at a trigonal planar (AX3), you see the bond angles are 120. Now imagine substituting one of the bonding atoms with a lone pair (E), considering lone pairs have greater repulsion than bonded pairs, they would repel the two bonding pairs farther away, which would mean th...
Fri Nov 15, 2019 6:16 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: 2E.25 part a
Replies: 1
Views: 37

### Re: 2E.25 part a

The lewis structure for CH2CL2 would be draw with the Cl atoms grouped together and the H atoms grouped together. I see what you mean, but considering the bonding atoms are different, I don't think they would be placed opposite of each other (i.e. one Cl on top and one Cl on the bottom) and their di...
Tue Nov 12, 2019 1:41 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Test 2
Replies: 7
Views: 132

### Re: Test 2

I think it'll cover the topics that we go over in lecture after the midterm up until the test. I don't think any topics that we went over before the midterm will be on it.
Sun Nov 10, 2019 10:22 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Ion-ion interactions vs Ionic bonds
Replies: 2
Views: 33

### Re: Ion-ion interactions vs Ionic bonds

Yes, Ion-Ion interactions are also referred to as Ionic Bonds.
Sun Nov 10, 2019 8:56 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipole-Induced Dipole
Replies: 2
Views: 36

### Dipole-Induced Dipole

Can someone explain the difference between Dipole-Induced Dipole interactions and Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole interactions and perhaps provide an example? Thanks!
Sun Nov 10, 2019 1:55 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipole moments
Replies: 3
Views: 51

### Re: Dipole moments

Yes, typically a molecule will have dipole moments if the electronegativity diffence between the two atoms are between 0.4-1.7. The arrows illustrate the direction in which the dipole moments occur. For instance, in a H-O bond, the arrow will be pointing towards the oxygen atom as it is more electro...
Sun Nov 10, 2019 10:53 am
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Strength of Interactions
Replies: 3
Views: 45

### Re: Strength of Interactions

One factor is the Polarizability of electrons in certain compounds, which is when eletrons in an atom or molecule cause e- distortion in a nearby atom or molecule. As the molar mass of a molecule increases, the strength of dispersion also increases, which is why molecules like I2 are solid at room t...
Tue Nov 05, 2019 4:15 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: For the midterm will we need to know how to do electron configurations for the f shell? [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 624

### Re: For the midterm will we need to know how to do electron configurations for the f shell?[ENDORSED]

To answer your first question, no we don't need to know electron configurations for elements that contain f orbitals. I believe we only need to know electron configurations for elements within the first 4 periods.
Tue Nov 05, 2019 4:11 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Lattice Energy [ENDORSED]
Replies: 2
Views: 588

### Re: Lattice Energy[ENDORSED]

Considering Dr.Lavelle did not cover it in any of the lectures so far, I'd say its highly unlikely questions concerning lattice energy will be on the midterm.
Sun Nov 03, 2019 10:16 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: F-Orbital Configurations
Replies: 1
Views: 56

### F-Orbital Configurations

For the midterm, are we going to need to know how to write electron configurations for elements that contain electrons in f-orbitals?
Sun Nov 03, 2019 12:24 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Equations
Replies: 4
Views: 73

### Equations

Are equations like Rydberg's, De Broglie's, and Heisenberg's going to be given on the exam?
Sat Nov 02, 2019 10:59 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Atomic Spectra Midterm Q
Replies: 2
Views: 47

### Atomic Spectra Midterm Q

Do we have to memorize what color each wavelength corresponds to? For instance: 468 nm = blue line.
Fri Nov 01, 2019 3:57 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Exceptions
Replies: 3
Views: 63

### Exceptions

Are there any significant exceptions in atomic trends that would be important to memorize for the midterm?
Fri Nov 01, 2019 3:48 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Electronegativity Correlations
Replies: 3
Views: 63

### Re: Electronegativity Correlations

Yes, considering both increase across a period, and decrease down a group, it is considered a positive correlation.
Sun Oct 27, 2019 5:14 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Expanded Octets
Replies: 4
Views: 54

### Expanded Octets

Hello, can someone explain to me why some atoms can have expanded octets while others cannot? Thank you!
Sun Oct 27, 2019 5:10 pm
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: 1D.23
Replies: 1
Views: 48

### Re: 1D.23

At n=2, l can equal 0 or 1, since there is an s and p subshell in that energy level.
2s = 1 orbital
2p = 3 orbitals.
If you add them up, you get a total of 4 orbitals for n=2.
Fri Oct 25, 2019 1:47 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Resonance
Replies: 7
Views: 103

### Re: Resonance

Resonance occurs when some lewis structures have multiple bonds in different equivalent locations. For instance, for the lewis structure for a Nitrate ion (NO3)- , the double bond can alternate between the nitrogen and the three oxygen atoms. Typically when you draw resonate structures, that compoun...
Fri Oct 25, 2019 10:23 am
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Calculating Number of Valence Electrons
Replies: 7
Views: 121

### Re: Calculating Number of Valence Electrons

One way you could calculate the number of valence electrons: 1. Use a periodic table to find atomic number, which is the # of electrons the element has. 2. Write out the electronic configuration. 3. Count how many electrons are in the last shell. Ex: 1. Chlorine - 17 electrons. 2. Electronic configu...
Wed Oct 23, 2019 3:20 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: Oribital Notation
Replies: 3
Views: 49

### Oribital Notation

When writing electron configurations for atoms in orbital notation, is there a particular way we should write it? I mean, should we write it having shells increase from top-bottom? or from bottom-top? or perhaps linearly? Thanks in advance!
Thu Oct 17, 2019 4:50 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Orbitals
Replies: 2
Views: 55

### Re: Orbitals

Hello! First you would have to associate l with the type of subshell, and then figure out how many orbitals are in each subshell:
l=0 - s-subshell - 1 orbital
l=1 - p-subshell - 3 orbitals
l=2 - d-subshell - 5 orbitals
l=3 - f-subshell - 7 orbitals
Thu Oct 17, 2019 11:17 am
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Replies: 67
Views: 1762

Hey!
I would definitely recommend reading the appropriate chapters in the textbook and the problems that go along with them.
In terms of schedule, I usually do the concepts after Dr.Lavelle goes over them in lecture, so that I have a basic understanding of what I am reading.
Hope this helps!
Thu Oct 17, 2019 10:40 am
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: Homework Question
Replies: 3
Views: 52

### Re: Homework Question

Thu Oct 17, 2019 10:29 am
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: Homework Question
Replies: 3
Views: 52

### Homework Question

On problem 1B.27, it gives the indeterminacy of velocity (Δv) as "5.00 ± 5.0 m.s^-1." Why is the indeterminacy of velocity 5 m.s^-1, and not 10 m.s^-1, since it is ± 5.0?
Wed Oct 16, 2019 11:24 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Planck's Constant
Replies: 2
Views: 56

### Re: Planck's Constant

Typically Planck's constant is given in joule-seconds: 6.626 x 10^-34 J.S.
However, it can also be given as: 6.636 * 10^-34 kg*m^2*s^-1.
Hope this helps!
Wed Oct 16, 2019 10:42 am
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: Which equation to use for determining uncertainty?
Replies: 4
Views: 43

### Re: Which equation to use for determining uncertainty?

Hey! So even though Prof Lavelle taught us the formula: (Δp)(Δx) ≥ (h/4π), I found it easier to use the one given in the textbook: (Δp)(Δx) ≥ (1/2)(ћ), when ћ=(h/2π). For some of the textbook problems, using the formula that Prof Lavelle taught in class resulted in the wrong answer, but that was a p...
Thu Oct 10, 2019 10:47 am
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Actual Yield
Replies: 6
Views: 272

### Re: Actual Yield

Yes, actual yield should always be given in the problem when calculating the percent yield. The only instance I can think of when you'd have to calculate the actual yield is if both theoretical yield and percent yield are presented in the problem. Hope this helps!
Tue Oct 08, 2019 7:34 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Test Question
Replies: 8
Views: 149

### Test Question

Some problems in the textbook give the names of the compounds but not the molecular formulas, for instance: "..a vigorous reaction takes place, and elemental molten barium and solid aluminum oxide are formed." Are we expected to know the formulas for compounds like aluminum oxide? or just ...
Tue Oct 08, 2019 5:11 pm
Forum: Accuracy, Precision, Mole, Other Definitions
Topic: Self-test E.5A
Replies: 1
Views: 78

### Self-test E.5A

The question goes as follows: Calculate the amount of urea molecules, OC(NH2)2 , in 2.3 x 10^5 g of urea. The answer it gives is 3.8 x 10^3 moles, which is correct but I thought the question was asking for the amount of individual molecules of OC(NH2)2. Which should be (3.8 x 10^3) x (6.0221 x 10^23...
Mon Oct 07, 2019 3:55 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Light intensity
Replies: 10
Views: 132

### Re: Light intensity

Hey!
Visually, the intensity of the light corresponds to its brightness. If we look at it from a quantum prospective, the intensity of light corresponds to the number of photons. Increasing the intensity increases the number of photons in the light.
Mon Oct 07, 2019 12:34 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Photoelectric Effect
Replies: 4
Views: 53

### Re: Photoelectric Effect

Hey! From my understanding, light below a certain frequency threshold will not cause electrons to be emitted. Light above the certain threshold frequency will always cause electrons to be emitted, and increasing the intensity of this light will cause more electrons to be admitted. If by "high f...
Wed Oct 02, 2019 9:36 am
Forum: Significant Figures
Topic: Lecture on Sig Figs?
Replies: 4
Views: 84

### Re: Lecture on Sig Figs?

Hey! If you go to Dr. Lavelle's website for Chem14A, there is a link titled "Everything you want to know about Sig Fig" that I found really helpful! Additionally there is a small section on Sig Figs in your textbook that you can review! Hope this helps! ;)
Tue Oct 01, 2019 11:22 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Limiting Reactant Lecture Question
Replies: 5
Views: 167

### Limiting Reactant Lecture Question

During last lecture, Dr. Lavelle was going over Limiting Reactants and I was wondering if it was possible to have no limiting reactants in a chemical reaction. For instance, if you were unable to find a reactant in excess.