## Search found 100 matches

Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:34 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Delta H of vaporization
Replies: 1
Views: 8

### Re: Delta H of vaporization

melting and Vaporization are endothermic processes, because they require energy to turn ice into water, and water into vapor
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:32 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Delta U
Replies: 8
Views: 27

### Re: Delta U

So basically, U = q + w refers to the fact that it is the total energy that the system is involved with, i.e the energy from the heat generated or loss plus the energy of the work done on or against the system
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:31 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Delta U
Replies: 8
Views: 27

### Re: Delta U

It refers to the energy contained within a system
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:29 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: completely deprotonating in water
Replies: 1
Views: 11

### Re: completely deprotonating in water

It means Kw is equal to the concentration of H3O+ ions times the concentration of OH- ions, since Kw = 10^-14
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:23 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: hydrogenation
Replies: 1
Views: 7

### Re: hydrogenation

I believe hydrogenation is given as a Hess's Law question, I don't think there is any specific way to calculate it within what we have learned so far
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:17 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: 4.19
Replies: 1
Views: 17

### Re: 4.19

I think you did your Kelvin conversions wrong. It's suppose to be 55.85 + 273.15, so 329 K and 328K
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:14 pm
Forum: Calculating Standard Reaction Entropies (e.g. , Using Standard Molar Entropies)
Topic: HW 41.5
Replies: 2
Views: 19

### Re: HW 41.5

So first, you set q(hot water) = -q(cold water) to find the temperature at equilibrium. Then you use the S = Cln(T2/T1) subbing in the Temperature at equilibrium to find the change in entropy for the hot and cold water individually, before you add them together to find the total entropy change
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:10 pm
Forum: Third Law of Thermodynamics (For a Unique Ground State (W=1): S -> 0 as T -> 0) and Calculations Using Boltzmann Equation for Entropy
Topic: Residual Entropy
Replies: 5
Views: 24

### Re: Residual Entropy

residual entropy is the remaining entropy left in molecules at 0 K
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:07 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Why is heat capacity a state function?
Replies: 1
Views: 12

### Re: Why is heat capacity a state function?

Because it does not matter HOW the heat was added or HOW much the temperature changes.
Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:06 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Pi and sigma bond
Replies: 1
Views: 4

### Re: Pi and sigma bond

We don't know what the specific bond enthalpy for breaking a pi bond. So we break both and record the bond enthalpy for a, say, carbon-carbon double bond as different from a single bond
Sun Feb 09, 2020 5:50 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: 4.19
Replies: 1
Views: 20

### Re: 4.19

We use variation of Cm = q/n delta T

where Um is the molar entropy and given as:

Um = (3/2)RT
Sun Feb 09, 2020 5:44 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Pizza Rolls - State Functions
Replies: 5
Views: 47

### Re: Pizza Rolls - State Functions

I think I just keep in mind q and w are the non-state functions.
Sun Feb 09, 2020 5:42 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: 4D.23
Replies: 2
Views: 23

### Re: 4D.23

With Hess's law, you can add or subtract different parts of the equation in order to get delta H
Sun Feb 09, 2020 5:41 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: 4D.2 Textbook Question
Replies: 1
Views: 21

### Re: 4D.2 Textbook Question

more gas implies a volume expansion, aka an increase of delta V, which according to PV = nRT, means there's an increase in the second part of the equations enthalpy = internal energy + nRT
Sun Feb 09, 2020 5:34 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Learning outcome fossil fuels
Replies: 2
Views: 29

### Re: Learning outcome fossil fuels

I think part of it is understanding that burning fuel is an open system, meaning that both mass and heat are exchanged in the process. Other than that, it probably means to understand how to calculate heat, internal energy change, and other things we learned in class using the chemical equation for ...
Wed Jan 29, 2020 11:22 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: 4a.1
Replies: 3
Views: 34

### Re: 4a.1

A) Correct B) Closed, because coolant in a refrigerator coil is what "cools" down the refrigerator so heat is transferred C) Isolated, because nothing is exchanged D) Correct, both heat and volume of gas liquid is changing E) Yes closed, because the mercury changes in response to temperatu...
Wed Jan 29, 2020 9:07 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: 4D.3
Replies: 2
Views: 21

### Re: 4D.3

Hi Ayushi,

because since the reaction is endothermic and the temperature raises, we can assume that all the heat is absorbed by the calorimeter
Wed Jan 29, 2020 8:51 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: 4F.1
Replies: 1
Views: 19

### Re: 4F.1

The human body generates 100 W of heat, which we can set equal to q since the human body generates 100 joules per second of heat. So, q = 100 J
Wed Jan 29, 2020 8:45 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Cpm and Cvm
Replies: 2
Views: 32

### Re: Cpm and Cvm

I believe its because they are fundamentally different constants. Cv is under constant volume and Cp is under constant pressure, so they are different
Wed Jan 29, 2020 8:42 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: Sum Equation in Lecture
Replies: 2
Views: 11

### Re: Sum Equation in Lecture

I think it was more to derive the equation at the end. However, I think he said that we may use the integral for reversible reactions and the derivation of it for irreversible reaction
Mon Jan 20, 2020 10:52 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5.39
Replies: 2
Views: 20

### Re: 5.39

I believe if you are calculating x using the information from Table GE.2, the values you would get for x are 1.47x10^-2 or 6.81x10^-3. But you would use 1.47x10^-2 since anything around 10^-3 is too small (I might be wrong about that, but thats my general rule of thumb lol)
Mon Jan 20, 2020 10:48 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5.35
Replies: 1
Views: 17

### Re: 5.35

I believe dividing by 100 is to convert the units from KPa to bar
Mon Jan 20, 2020 10:47 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Homework 6E.1 Rounding Error?
Replies: 1
Views: 27

### Re: Homework 6E.1 Rounding Error?

It might just be a minor rounding error. What did you input for -logX? If you put -log(0.16), then you would probably get 0.8
Mon Jan 20, 2020 10:45 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Understanding the chart
Replies: 1
Views: 23

### Re: Understanding the chart

They are just constants found probably through experiments
Mon Jan 20, 2020 10:32 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: 5.39 HW
Replies: 2
Views: 29

### Re: 5.39 HW

It is an ice box question, so you need to find x. From the table, the information you need to find is Kc to calculate X
Tue Jan 14, 2020 12:54 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Step-up Sessions
Replies: 1
Views: 24

### Re: Step-up Sessions

Peer learning sessions refer to all the drop-in hours, step-up sessions, and workshops you can attend. Step up sessions are sessions designed to help students struggling with concepts. In comparison, workshops are designed for students that have already a deep understanding of concepts and need more...
Tue Jan 14, 2020 12:49 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: pKa
Replies: 3
Views: 16

### Re: pKa

I think Ka is usually 10^-x of something whereas pKa refers to the x
Tue Jan 14, 2020 12:47 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Discussion
Replies: 8
Views: 45

### Re: Discussion

I don't think it is directly, but we turn in weekly homework at discussion
Mon Jan 13, 2020 11:24 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5.39
Replies: 4
Views: 54

### Re: 5.39

You can find x using the quadratic formula x = -b + or - square root (b^2-4ac) / 2a
Mon Jan 13, 2020 11:14 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: 5.39
Replies: 1
Views: 20

### Re: 5.39

I believe so, 10^-3 is the correct answer I think
Fri Jan 10, 2020 9:36 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5I.13 Part C
Replies: 2
Views: 18

### Re: 5I.13 Part C

I believe whichever K value is less is the thermodynamically more stable one
Fri Jan 10, 2020 9:35 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: 5I.13
Replies: 1
Views: 43

### Re: 5I.13

Part a is very similar to the example we did with the reaction vessel in lecture today. namely, you have to solve for x.

Part b is essentially the same question, except you are given F2 and are calculating its dissociation instead of Cl.
Fri Jan 10, 2020 2:28 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5I.13
Replies: 2
Views: 14

### Re: 5I.13

I believe for this question we use Kc
Fri Jan 10, 2020 2:26 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Equilibrium Constant for Multiples of the Chemical Equation
Replies: 2
Views: 23

### Re: Equilibrium Constant for Multiples of the Chemical Equation

I do not think we have yet learned a case where we would multiply K by a factor of n. As for why we raise it to the factor of n. Remember, whenever we have a coefficient in front of a reactant/product, we raise its concentration by that coefficient as well. i.e. the K for N2 + 3H2 -> 2 NH3 is [NH3]^...
Fri Jan 10, 2020 10:06 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Post-Assessment-Part 3
Replies: 2
Views: 34

### Re: Post-Assessment-Part 3

I believe c is another variable for a constant
Mon Dec 02, 2019 10:39 am
Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
Topic: Molecules combining with water
Replies: 5
Views: 56

### Re: Molecules combining with water

So, I think overall KClO is a salt comprised of K+ a weak acid and ClO- is a strong base. So the anion for ClO- will react with water to form:

ClO- + H2O -> HClO + OH-

Therefore it forms a basic solution
Mon Dec 02, 2019 10:31 am
Forum: Identifying Acidic & Basic Salts
Topic: 6D.11
Replies: 1
Views: 40

### Re: 6D.11

I would go about answering this question by first asking myself: Does this molecule form an acidic or basic solution when it reacts with water? For example, in part a where you're given NH4Br, you know that NH4+ is the conjugate acid for weak base NH3 such that: NH4^+ + H2O -> NH3 + H3O+. Hence, sin...
Mon Dec 02, 2019 10:14 am
Forum: Calculating pH or pOH for Strong & Weak Acids & Bases
Topic: pH vs pOH
Replies: 4
Views: 37

### Re: pH vs pOH

If we are looking at the same question, they give us the molecule as KOH. Since it is a base it will react with water to from hydroxide (OH-) ions. Therefore, we know to use pOH = -log[OH-]
Mon Dec 02, 2019 10:08 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Oxidation state
Replies: 2
Views: 26

### Re: Oxidation state

By oxidation state, are you referring to the charge of an individual atom (ie Fe^3+)? If so, let me try to explain with an example. Suppose you have the molecule Fe(OH)3. Here , we know OH has a negative charge of 1 but the overall compound is neutral. Therefore, Fe has to have a positive three char...
Mon Dec 02, 2019 10:00 am
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: 6.13
Replies: 2
Views: 35

### Re: 6.13

So I would start the problem by drawing out B(OH)3's Lewis Structure. From there, you notice that the structure has no delocalization of electrons so therefore no relevant resonance. If you draw out the structure for the reaction B(OH)3 + 2 H2O -> H3o+ + B(OH)4^-. You can see that since Boric acid d...
Sun Dec 01, 2019 11:45 am
Forum: Conjugate Acids & Bases
Topic: Conjugate Base
Replies: 5
Views: 43

### Re: Conjugate Base

I believe pH refers to the concentration of H3O+ ions in a solution. So a conjugate base wouldn't affect this number.

HCl + H2O -> H3O+ + Cl-

In the equation, Cl- is the conjugate base of strong acid HCl, but its not an H3O+ ion so i don't think it affects pH
Sun Dec 01, 2019 11:40 am
Forum: Properties & Structures of Inorganic & Organic Acids
Topic: Organic vs. Inorganic Acids
Replies: 2
Views: 27

### Re: Organic vs. Inorganic Acids

Because in Inorganic acids, the hydrogen is bonded to any highly electronegative element, whereas for organic acids the hydrogen is restricted to being bonded to an O atom, which is bonded to a C atom
Sun Dec 01, 2019 11:39 am
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals
Replies: 2
Views: 20

### Re: Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

I believe they are different atomic models. So a question would specify whether to place them in one
Sun Dec 01, 2019 11:37 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Not Counting Subscripts?
Replies: 2
Views: 21

### Re: Not Counting Subscripts?

Because there are three ammonia molecules. Therefore, TriAmmine
Sun Dec 01, 2019 11:36 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: How to Find the Roman Numeral
Replies: 4
Views: 27

### Re: How to Find the Roman Numeral

So that coordination compound is shown to be neutral. So you would find the net negative charge of 3 So4^2-, which is -6 (3 times -2). In the cation, NH3 and H2O are both neutral so Cobalt is the only component that has a charge which is +3. Overall, its a net positive charge of +6 since (2 times 3 ...
Sun Dec 01, 2019 11:29 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Roman Numeral
Replies: 13
Views: 65

### Re: Roman Numeral

It represents the positive charge on a cation. For example a copper (ii) sulfate CuSO4, represents a Cu^2+ ion which attaches itself to the sulfate anion (SO4^2-)
Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:11 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Lone pair in hydrogen bonding
Replies: 1
Views: 20

### Re: Lone pair in hydrogen bonding

Because hydrogen atoms from other molecules are attracted to these electronegative regions
Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:09 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Week 9 HW
Replies: 6
Views: 60

### Re: Week 9 HW

Probably questions from the Outline on Acids and Bases
Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:09 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Shapes
Replies: 3
Views: 25

### Re: Shapes

Specific shapes...rather, specific areas of electron density correspond to different hybridization levels. For example, tetrahedral geometry corresponds to sp^3, octahedral corresponds to sp^3d^2 etc.
Sun Nov 24, 2019 9:07 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Curve
Replies: 3
Views: 61

### Re: Curve

I believe he will. There is going to be a slight adjustment he makes to all our grades at the end
Mon Nov 18, 2019 6:58 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Hydrogen Bond
Replies: 2
Views: 19

### Re: Hydrogen Bond

I believe it is only connected to the oxygen atom.
Mon Nov 18, 2019 6:56 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Class Curve?
Replies: 4
Views: 77

### Re: Class Curve?

Yes, Dr. Lavelle will adjust grades accordingly he may decide the cutoff for grades to be 250/500 points, but I do not believe there is any "set" percent ranges for the grades. Therefore, I don't think I can answer your second question.
Sun Nov 17, 2019 9:03 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: induced dipole
Replies: 4
Views: 15

### Re: induced dipole

Induced dipole occurs when a nonpolar moelcule is turned dipole by an ionic molecule. Whereas dipole moments occur when the molecule already has a different charge
Sun Nov 17, 2019 9:01 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: bp trend?
Replies: 2
Views: 15

### Re: bp trend?

Heavier halogens have more electrons in their shell which increases Van Der Waal forces and boiling point
Sun Nov 17, 2019 8:58 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Test 2
Replies: 11
Views: 51

### Re: Test 2

The Lecture we had the Friday before the midterm up until the lecture we had last friday.
Sun Nov 17, 2019 8:54 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: 2E. 5 Question
Replies: 4
Views: 30

### Re: 2E. 5 Question

I believe in lecture, he explained that the angle less than 120 degrees results from a stronger pull from the central atom.
Sun Nov 17, 2019 10:57 am
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: 2F.15
Replies: 1
Views: 25

### Re: 2F.15

sp hybridization refers to the mixing of the s and p orbitals. What the answer implies is that decreasing the amount of p orbitals from 3 to 2 increases the bond angle and the answer asserts that increasing the amount of s orbitals for sp hybridization will in contrast increase the bond angle.
Sun Nov 10, 2019 7:30 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Interaction Potential Energy
Replies: 1
Views: 12

### Re: Interaction Potential Energy

I believe 1/r^6 denotes a inverse relationship between energy and distance. Whereas, the other one you described is the actual equation. It's kind of like how wavelength = c/frequency is the actual equation where as wavelength = 1/frequency denotes that wavelength and frequency are inversely related.
Sun Nov 10, 2019 7:26 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Temporary Dipole Moment?
Replies: 4
Views: 20

### Re: Temporary Dipole Moment?

Yes, most dipole moments we have discussed are temporary. Since bonds are just areas where electrons are most likely to be found, there is no "permanent" dipole moment.
Sun Nov 10, 2019 7:22 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipole moment units
Replies: 4
Views: 24

### Re: Dipole moment units

Like you said, the SI unit is Coulombs times Meter and it denotes the magnitude of charge times the distance between them
Sun Nov 10, 2019 1:43 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipoles Cancelling Out
Replies: 4
Views: 30

### Re: Dipoles Cancelling Out

I believe cancelling out has to do with the symmetry of a molecule. For example C2Cl4 has no net dipole moment because the molecule is symmetric so the moment cancels out
Sun Nov 10, 2019 1:41 pm
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Homework from Outline 3 due?
Replies: 5
Views: 58

### Re: Homework from Outline 3 due?

I would assume so. Although depending on when your section is, Wednesday lecture may be the first lecture where we cover material on outline 4
Sun Nov 10, 2019 1:40 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 7831
Views: 1087984

### Re: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here

Group 1 Elements Be Like:

What If I...gave you my one valence electron...to form a complete octet...aha ha, just kidding...unless?
Sun Nov 10, 2019 1:33 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: how to become a UA
Replies: 1
Views: 46

### Re: how to become a UA

Generally, the first step requires understanding the course material in-depth. Most Learning Assistants I've had have told me that they generally received an A or higher in the course. Afterwards, I believe it's only a matter of time commitment and submitting the application by the due date. I've li...
Mon Oct 28, 2019 9:52 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Effective nuclear charge
Replies: 3
Views: 38

### Re: Effective nuclear charge

Hi Anna,

I believe what you are referring to is Slater's rule and it allow you to estimate the effective nuclear charge from the real number of protons in the nucleus and the effective shielding of electrons in each orbital "shell."
Mon Oct 28, 2019 9:48 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: electronegativity table
Replies: 5
Views: 38

### Re: electronegativity table

I think we would just have to know that electronegativity increases bottom to top in groups and left to right across periods
Mon Oct 28, 2019 9:47 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: Electron Configuration of Tungsten
Replies: 2
Views: 18

### Re: Electron Configuration of Tungsten

To my understanding, don't s orbitals get filled first before d orbitals
Mon Oct 28, 2019 9:40 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: 2A23 Part E
Replies: 2
Views: 33

### Re: 2A23 Part E

Bismuth is undergoing the inert-pair effect
Mon Oct 28, 2019 9:27 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Replies: 5
Views: 64

Sun Oct 27, 2019 10:12 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: 2A.11
Replies: 1
Views: 27

### Re: 2A.11

In this question it is asking for ions with a positive three charge. So for part a for example: Ar on the periodic table has 18 electrons. Add 18 with the 6 from 3d^6 and you get 24 which would normally be Cr on the periodic table. However, since you are dealing with ions with a +3 charge, the answe...
Sun Oct 27, 2019 10:03 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Exceptions to the Octet Rule
Replies: 3
Views: 42

### Re: Exceptions to the Octet Rule

Exceptions to the octet rule generally have to deal with molecules that have an odd number of electrons, which is different from normal orbitals being able to accept an even level
Sun Oct 27, 2019 10:00 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Stability of D orbitals
Replies: 3
Views: 29

### Re: Stability of D orbitals

Because completely filled orbitals are generally more stable than partially filled orbitals
Sun Oct 27, 2019 9:59 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: Spins
Replies: 4
Views: 41

### Re: Spins

From what I remember in lecture, electrons are typically first paired in the s orbital and are placed parallel first in every other orbital
Sun Oct 27, 2019 9:55 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Electron Configuration
Replies: 3
Views: 30

### Re: Electron Configuration

I was reading up on this...and from what I can garner the answer is a bit complicated. You're welcome to also search for answers but overall it just seems that it is more favorable for an electron to occupy an empty 4d orbital rather than deal with pairing with an electron in the 5s orbital.
Sat Oct 19, 2019 7:53 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Aufbau vs Hund's
Replies: 2
Views: 31

### Re: Aufbau vs Hund's

Hund's Rule directly states that other sub levels besides s, have electrons placed in individual orbitals before being paired. In contrast, Aufbau's principle can be explained in three points 1. The number of electrons in an atom is equal to the atomic # 2. Each added electron will enter the orbital...
Sat Oct 19, 2019 7:48 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Building Up
Replies: 2
Views: 16

### Re: Building Up

According to Hund's rule, electrons repel each other in the same subshell which is why they must occupy different orbitals with parallel spin
Sat Oct 19, 2019 7:26 pm
Topic: Applying Wein's Law
Replies: 3
Views: 49

### Re: Applying Wein's Law

Wein's Law is used to calculate wavelength using a constant divided by the temperature in Kelvin. Since we have not gone over Black body radiation in lecture yet, I believe it will be better explained by Professor Lavelle in a future lecture.
Sat Oct 19, 2019 6:25 pm
Forum: *Shrodinger Equation
Topic: Review
Replies: 4
Views: 49

### Re: Review

I asked the Professor Lavelle after lecture on Friday and he suggested Sapling Learning as an excellent resource.
Sat Oct 19, 2019 6:20 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Midterm
Replies: 2
Views: 42

### Re: Midterm

Not sure, but if I were to infer based on the pace we are going at in lecture and the fact that the midterm is scheduled November 6, Outlines 1-3 on Professor's website
Sat Oct 19, 2019 6:19 pm
Forum: *Shrodinger Equation
Topic: Schrodinger Equation
Replies: 4
Views: 37

### Re: Schrodinger Equation

To my understanding,

Schrodinger's equation helps us understand the wavelike properties of an electron. Other than that, we have not covered much of it in lecture.
Sun Oct 13, 2019 11:22 am
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: 1E.9
Replies: 1
Views: 14

### Re: 1E.9

b is forbidden because ml can have values which range 2l + 1. With l = 0, ml has a range of 1. ml can have all values -l to 0 to +l. With l = 0, because zero can neither be positive or negative, b is forbidden. C is forbidden because l = n-1. For n = 4, l can be 3, 2, 1, or 0. Since l=4. c is forbid...
Sun Oct 13, 2019 11:13 am
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Bond lengths
Replies: 15
Views: 142

### Re: Bond lengths

Not sure if you can, but when you do I believe it is the sum of the radii. Here's a link for the radii lengths of different atoms:

Sun Oct 13, 2019 11:02 am
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Rydberg Equation
Replies: 3
Views: 28

### Re: Rydberg Equation

It used to predict the wavelength of light emitted from an electron transitioning energy levels
Sun Oct 13, 2019 11:00 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: 1A.11
Replies: 2
Views: 27

### Re: 1A.11

Series refers to the Lyman (n=1) , Balmer (n=2), Paschen (n=3), and Brackett (n=4) series. What makes the lines of each series similar is that when electrons relax to a lower energy level they emit an EMR. For electrons relaxing to n=2 for example, they emit an EMR that corresponds to the Balmer ser...
Sun Oct 13, 2019 10:53 am
Forum: DeBroglie Equation
Topic: DeBroglie Equation
Replies: 9
Views: 89

### Re: DeBroglie Equation

Because light has no mass
Sun Oct 13, 2019 10:52 am
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: 1B.9
Replies: 2
Views: 22

### Re: 1B.9

A Watt is Joules per second. If you are given 32 Watts and a time interval of 2 seconds. 32 times 2 gives you the answer to part a
Sun Oct 13, 2019 10:50 am
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: How Small?
Replies: 1
Views: 35

### Re: How Small?

Interesting question...for me, I usually think of things being quantized if they are comprised of particles that cannot be subdivided further. For example, light is quantized because it is made up of photons which cannot be subdivided further (you can't have half a photon). In general I would assume...
Sun Oct 13, 2019 10:45 am
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: 1D. The Electronic Structure of Hydrogen
Replies: 2
Views: 20

### Re: 1D. The Electronic Structure of Hydrogen

Not sure if there is a "formula" you can use to directly answer this. It seems to be a problem that checks if you grasp the concept behind formulas. I believe the answer is a, b, c, and d.
Fri Oct 04, 2019 10:54 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Quantum Mechanics
Replies: 9
Views: 77

### Re: Quantum Mechanics

The smallest possible unit of measure for water flowing out of a cup is one molecule of H20. When we think of liquid coming out of a cup, we tend to visualize it as consistently flowing out. Instead of this way, try to think of water coming out of a cup as a bunch of really really small lego pieces,...
Fri Oct 04, 2019 10:51 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Question
Replies: 3
Views: 56

### Re: Question

2.45g/98.05 g/mol = .0250 mol sulfuric acid

.0250 mol/18 M X 1000 = 1.38 ml
Fri Oct 04, 2019 10:47 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Effective Nuclear Charge
Replies: 1
Views: 48

### Re: Effective Nuclear Charge

Here's an online resource I found helpful in learning Slater's rule!

https://chem.libretexts.org/Courses/Mou ... er's_Rules
Fri Oct 04, 2019 10:44 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Periodic Table on the Test
Replies: 7
Views: 77

### Re: Periodic Table on the Test

Not sure, I think the periodic table will have to be given to us
Fri Oct 04, 2019 10:43 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Subshells and Orbitals
Replies: 1
Views: 32

### Re: Subshells and Orbitals

For sublevels, you have your s, p, d, and f sublevels. The s sublevel has 1 orbital, the p has 3, d has 5, and f has 7
Fri Oct 04, 2019 10:35 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: % yield
Replies: 5
Views: 57

### Re: % yield

To my understanding, actual yield is what we would find in a lab environment physically conducting the reaction. With the context of a problem, we would probably be asked to find the theoretical yield and be given the actual yield to find the % yield. Hope this helps.
Sun Sep 29, 2019 5:53 pm
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Memorizing Metric Conversions
Replies: 8
Views: 149

### Re: Memorizing Metric Conversions

^^^Here's a link to one from Mega to pico if that helps
Sun Sep 29, 2019 5:49 pm
Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
Topic: Question F.13
Replies: 3
Views: 60

### Re: Question F.13

Hi, I found a different way to do the question: instead of calculating mass percentage of each element. They directly give you 4.14 g of P and 27.8-4.14 = 23.66 g of Chlorine. Therefore, you can divide each directly by the atomic mass of both elements. 4.14g / 30.974 g/mol = .1336604894 mol 23.66g/3...
Sun Sep 29, 2019 5:39 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Fundamentals L, #35
Replies: 3
Views: 46

### Re: Fundamentals L, #35

Hi, are you sure the final equation isn't?

Fe3Br8 + Na2CO3 --> NaBr + CO2 + Fe3O4
Sun Sep 29, 2019 5:06 pm
Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
Topic: HW Question L.39 - What in the world is a crucible you guys?
Replies: 3
Views: 45

### Re: HW Question L.39 - What in the world is a crucible you guys?

To my knowledge, it is solely a container that houses chemical reactions. For this question, I think you are given its mass (26.45g) so that you can subtract it from the combined mass of the crucible and product (28.35g) in order to find the mass percentage of the oxide. TL;DR 28.35g-26.45g = molar ...
Sun Sep 29, 2019 5:00 pm
Forum: Accuracy, Precision, Mole, Other Definitions
Topic: E.15, what is a sulfide of a metal?
Replies: 3
Views: 42

### Re: E.15, what is a sulfide of a metal?

I guess someone ran into the same problem back in 2015 because they posted the exact same question on Chem Community back then lol Paraphrasing from the response: 1) You need to first subtract the molar mass of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms from 74.10 grams/mol to find the mass of the mystery metal....
Sun Sep 29, 2019 4:52 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Equations
Replies: 5
Views: 125

### Re: Equations

I am not exactly certain what you are asking by "where do the extra elements come from." However, for your equation: H + O2 ->...aren't single hydrogen atoms very uncommon in comparison to hydrogen molecules (H2)? Therefore, to balance your equation, it would look something more akin to : ...