Search found 124 matches

by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Wed Mar 10, 2021 2:58 pm
Forum: Arrhenius Equation, Activation Energies, Catalysts
Topic: Sapling week 9/10 Question 20
Replies: 3
Views: 56

Sapling week 9/10 Question 20

I don't why but I keep getting this question wrong. The presence of a catalyst provides a reaction pathway in which the activation energy of a reaction is reduced by 67.00 kJ⋅mol−1 Uncatalyzed: A⟶B Ea=137.00 kJ⋅mol−1 Catalyzed: A⟶B Ea=70.00 kJ⋅mol−1 Determine the factor by which the catalyzed reacti...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 28, 2021 5:49 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: reversible redox reaction
Replies: 3
Views: 9

Re: reversible redox reaction

Yeah I think we can use the electrolytic cell to reverse the reaction
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 28, 2021 5:46 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: states of matter
Replies: 58
Views: 188

Re: states of matter

Yeah make sure you have identified in parenthesis if a compound is in aqueous solution (aq), liquid state (l), solid(s), or gas (g) state.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 28, 2021 5:43 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Drop In Sessions vs. TA OH
Replies: 4
Views: 44

Re: Drop In Sessions vs. TA OH

I went to few drop-in session and I think they are worth going to if you have specific questions. I usually go if I need help with specific homework qs, textbook problems, or a concept in class.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 28, 2021 5:42 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: sapling #19
Replies: 6
Views: 20

Re: sapling #19

This is correct but remove the parenthesis and only have the coefficient 2 in front of Fe2O3. I'm not sure why sapling marks this incorrect but your answer is correct
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 28, 2021 5:38 pm
Forum: Balancing Redox Reactions
Topic: Sapling 13
Replies: 5
Views: 15

Re: Sapling 13

First write the reduction half reaction for Fe2+ and Fe3+. Then use the appendix two or the standard reduction potential table provided in spaling to find the reduction potential. Then, Write the relevant reduction half reaction for each of the following molecules in the choices and find their reduc...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 21, 2021 6:51 pm
Forum: Calculating Work of Expansion
Topic: adiabatic processes
Replies: 18
Views: 94

Re: adiabatic processes

I agree with the above post. Adiabatic just means there is no heat transfer between system and surroundings. So no heat is lost/gained. Only q(heat) is equal 0. For work we need to calculate to find its value. Work is only zero for isochoric (constant volume) system like bomb calorimeter
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 21, 2021 6:46 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Sapling #6
Replies: 5
Views: 28

Re: Sapling #6

Anode : metal electrode is losing electrons, more readily to form cations since its being oxidized
Cathode: metal electrode gaining electrons
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 21, 2021 6:40 pm
Forum: Gibbs Free Energy Concepts and Calculations
Topic: Forward vs. Reverse
Replies: 19
Views: 68

Re: Forward vs. Reverse

I agree with the post above. Usually, one process is spontaneous while the other is not. Also, reactants --> product is forward while products --> reactants are reverse depending of the info given about what are the products and reactants.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 21, 2021 6:37 pm
Forum: Galvanic/Voltaic Cells, Calculating Standard Cell Potentials, Cell Diagrams
Topic: Salt Bridge Purpose
Replies: 8
Views: 38

Re: Salt Bridge Purpose

The main purpose of a salt bridge is not to move electrons but to maintain charge balance and keep the process running as the electrons are moving from one-half cell to the other. Without a salt bridge, the electrons produced at the anode would build up at the cathode and the reaction would stop run...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 21, 2021 6:34 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: calculating H through bond enthalpies
Replies: 4
Views: 19

Re: calculating H through bond enthalpies

Reactants: Breaking bonds is often an endothermic processs the value of the enthalpy will be positive because it intakes energy to break the bond. Products: forming bonds is often an exothermic reaction that releases energy aka the value of the enthalpy will be negative if it is forming bonds.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 14, 2021 6:07 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Fav Shows of the Moment
Replies: 115
Views: 496

Re: Fav Shows of the Moment

Wandavision!
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 14, 2021 6:03 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Bomb Calorimeter
Replies: 12
Views: 38

Re: Bomb Calorimeter

Bomb calorimeter is a closed system that allows heat to be exchange. The whole purpose of a bomb calorimeter is to calculate heat. We can calculate the q by taking in account of the change in temperature.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 14, 2021 5:59 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Valentine's Day Long Weekend!
Replies: 30
Views: 210

Re: Valentine's Day Long Weekend!

Happy Valentine's Day Everyone!
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 14, 2021 5:57 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: qrev vs q
Replies: 8
Views: 46

Re: qrev vs q

We use qrev for isothermal processes. Specifically when we want to find entropy of isothermal process that is not at constant pressure.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 14, 2021 5:55 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: struggling
Replies: 73
Views: 335

Re: struggling

Hey!
I'm struggling too. I think what you are doing is more than enough to study for the exam. Make sure to take breaks so you are not overwhelmed :)
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Feb 12, 2021 3:00 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: 4F.9
Replies: 3
Views: 17

Re: 4F.9

Thank you so much! I forgot that Pressure and Volume are inverse of each other
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Feb 12, 2021 2:59 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Sapling week 3/4 Question 18
Replies: 1
Views: 29

Sapling week 3/4 Question 18

A 0.617 mol sample of SO2(g), initially at 298 K and 1.00 atm, is held at constant pressure while enough heat is applied to raise the temperature of the gas by 19.7 K. Calculate the amount of heat q required to bring about this temperature change, and find the corresponding total change in the inter...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Thu Feb 11, 2021 11:32 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Thoughts on Upcoming Midterm 2
Replies: 41
Views: 256

Re: Thoughts on Upcoming Midterm 2

Ryan_Page_1J wrote:Check out YouTube videos for thermodynamics. I recommend the organic chemistry tutor. He breaks the concepts and formulas down in a clear and concise way that helped my understanding.


I second this!! Organic chem tutor breaks down everything you need to know about thermodynamics
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Thu Feb 11, 2021 11:28 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using Second Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: 4F.9
Replies: 3
Views: 17

4F.9

Calculate the change in entropy when the pressure of 1.50mol Ne(g) is decreased isothermally from 15.0 atm to 0.500 atm. Assume ideal behavior. I understand that we need to use the formula nRln(P2/P1). However, I don't understand why 15 = P2 when the pressure is going from 15 to 0.5. So shouldn't 15...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 07, 2021 2:35 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: deltaU=nCvdeltaT
Replies: 9
Views: 27

Re: deltaU=nCvdeltaT

does that mean at constant volume there is no work done on the system? So the U must equal to heat
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 07, 2021 2:34 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: 14bl virtual or in person
Replies: 13
Views: 95

Re: 14bl virtual or in person

Personally, I have heard that it is better to take in person if you plan to work at a lab. The skills that you will learn in in-person lab will come in handy when applying to labs.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 07, 2021 2:32 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Definitions (isochoric/isometric, isothermal, isobaric)
Topic: work in an isothermal system
Replies: 2
Views: 16

Re: work in an isothermal system

work and heat are different forms of energy transfers. If q=0 then it means the only form go energy transfer in the system is in terms of work and then internal energy = work
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 07, 2021 2:31 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: tips if you're struggling!
Replies: 77
Views: 481

Re: tips if you're struggling!

Those are really great tips :) To add on, if you are struggling with grasping concepts, watch organic chemistry tutor videos
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Feb 07, 2021 2:29 pm
Forum: Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics
Topic: Sapling Homework #20
Replies: 6
Views: 40

Re: Sapling Homework #20

You know q = nCdeltaT is the best equation to use to find heat because we are given moles of a substance and the formula to find molar heat capacity. If we were just given specific heat capacity we would use mCdeltaV instead
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Wed Feb 03, 2021 2:00 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Grades for Chemistry Community
Replies: 21
Views: 126

Re: Grades for Chemistry Community

I have 25/25. Maybe the TAs are counting by the total posts for chem14b you have done so far. Your ta is most likely going to update it after you have 25 total posts.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:45 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: Enthalpy vs. Entropy
Replies: 18
Views: 65

Re: Enthalpy vs. Entropy

Entropy is the randomness/ disorder in the system. Enthalpy is the measure of overall energy in the system.

I've attached below a great visual that helped me differentiate between these concepts.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:42 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: "Bomb Calorimetry"
Replies: 4
Views: 27

Re: "Bomb Calorimetry"

Bomb calorimeter involves measuring the heat of a fuel sample when burned under stable temperature to evaluate the heating energy of the fuel sample. The sample can be a solid or liquid, but not a gas.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:38 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: 14C?
Replies: 23
Views: 149

Re: 14C?

I am planning on taking 14c in the spring so I can be prepare for in-person chem 14bl lab. Cem14bl will go over some organic chemistry contents
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:36 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS
Replies: 40
Views: 458

Re: FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS

I believe some will come from the textbooks. However, I think we can expect all of them to be similar to the textbook problems or the sapling problems .
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:35 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: definition confusion
Replies: 5
Views: 46

Re: definition confusion

I agree with the above posts. They are different. However, at constant pressure, the heat capacity = change in enthalpy divided by change in temp
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:32 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Grading scale
Replies: 29
Views: 324

Re: Grading scale

I believe it is the same as last quarter: A is 93-96% while A- is 90-92%. However, the scores for midterms and finals may be reevaluated based on the class avaerage like the final last quarter for chem14b
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:26 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Midterm 1 Reactions
Replies: 70
Views: 488

Re: Midterm 1 Reactions

I agree with the above posts. It was a little harder than I expected. Time wise, it was manageable. However, there were some questions I did not know how to approach.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 31, 2021 7:25 pm
Forum: Heat Capacities, Calorimeters & Calorimetry Calculations
Topic: Heat capacity vs Specific heat in Calorimetry
Replies: 5
Views: 14

Re: Heat capacity vs Specific heat in Calorimetry

Heat Capacity aka molar heat capacity is the measure of the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one mole of a pure substance by one degree K. Whereas, Specific heat capacity is a measure of the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one gram of a pure substance by one ...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 24, 2021 10:51 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Pka, Ph, charged and neutral species
Replies: 7
Views: 61

Re: Pka, Ph, charged and neutral species

yep they are correct because the pH is lower than the pKa, then the compound will be protonated. If the pH is higher than the pKa, then the compound will be deprotonated. Vice versa for the base
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Jan 24, 2021 10:49 pm
Forum: Reaction Enthalpies (e.g., Using Hess’s Law, Bond Enthalpies, Standard Enthalpies of Formation)
Topic: Hess's Law
Replies: 58
Views: 260

Re: Hess's Law

I found this website particularly helpful at explaining Hess's law in great detail: https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Physical_and_Theoretical_Chemistry_Textbook_Maps/Supplemental_Modules_(Physical_and_Theoretical_Chemistry)/Thermodynamics/Thermodynamic_Cycles/Hesss_Law I agree with Selena! I...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Jan 22, 2021 11:35 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: AUTOPROTOLYSIS
Replies: 7
Views: 59

Re: AUTOPROTOLYSIS

Autoprotolysis is when one molecule transfers a proton to another molecule of the same kind. Its a molecule that is amphoteric like water. Water is the most common example of autoprotolysis. The kw is the autoprotolysis constant.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Jan 22, 2021 11:32 am
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: Textbook Problem 6C.13
Replies: 2
Views: 33

Re: Textbook Problem 6C.13

Thank you! That make sense
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Jan 22, 2021 11:26 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Textbook Solutions Not Appearing
Replies: 7
Views: 32

Re: Textbook Solutions Not Appearing

I would recommend downloading the solution manual so you can view them at your convenient time without having to log back into sapling
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Tue Jan 19, 2021 6:32 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Studying for Midterm #1
Replies: 63
Views: 236

Re: Studying for Midterm #1

I agree with the posts above, doing textbook problems are KEY! The midterm qs are similar to the textbook problems. I also recommend going to UAs session for any clarifying question you may have or do some extra practice problems.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Tue Jan 19, 2021 6:29 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Comparing pKb Values
Replies: 4
Views: 13

Re: Comparing pKb Values

Yes, all the pKs and their equilibrium constants have a inverse relationship. pks are just a simplified version to interpret the Ka/b (-logKa) values
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Tue Jan 19, 2021 6:26 pm
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: Textbook Problem 6C.13
Replies: 2
Views: 33

Textbook Problem 6C.13

6C.13 Arrange the following bases in order of increasing strength on the basis of the pKa values of their conjugate acids, which are given in parentheses: (a) ammonia (9.26); (b) methylamine (10.56); (c) ethylamine (10.81); (d) aniline (4.63; see Exercise 6C.12). Is there a simple pattern of strengt...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Jan 16, 2021 5:49 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Best Workshops
Replies: 8
Views: 66

Re: Best Workshops

I believe that all the UAs workshops are helpful. They all have a good understanding of the materials and always try their best to help the students. Personally, I liked going to Justin's and Kate's workshop because they do a really good job on teaching the material and answering any questions stude...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Wed Jan 13, 2021 8:48 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Study Habits
Replies: 96
Views: 405

Re: Study Habits

From chem 14a I learned not to stress over chemistry too much. My advice would be to attend one or two UA sessions per week, do textbook problems, review lecture notes, and make a study guide using the learning outcomes
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Wed Jan 13, 2021 8:44 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5J.5 part d
Replies: 6
Views: 24

Re: 5J.5 part d

The coefficient on HD is 2 so there are two moles on the reactant side. The coefficient on H2 gas and D2 gas is 1 so there are 2 moles of gases on the product side. I think you are probably miscalculating the number of the moles on each side. I don't see 3 moles of reactants for d. Isn't the H2 on ...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Jan 11, 2021 9:18 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: 5J.5 part d
Replies: 6
Views: 24

Re: 5J.5 part d

The coefficient on HD is 2 so there are two moles on the reactant side. The coefficient on H2 gas and D2 gas is 1 so there are 2 moles of gases on the product side.
I think you are probably miscalculating the number of the moles on each side. I don't see 3 moles of reactants for d.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Jan 11, 2021 8:17 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Getting two positive x values when using quadratic
Replies: 43
Views: 249

Re: Getting two positive x values when using quadratic

If you want to practice ICE tables with two positive x values, topic 5I has textbook problems that pertains to these types of problems. Usually, one of the positive value, when plugged in, would cause you to have a negative new equilibrium concentration.Therefore, you will be able to eliminate that ...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Jan 11, 2021 8:12 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Simplifying Expressions: K<10^?
Replies: 6
Views: 44

Re: Simplifying Expressions: K<10^?

I would say use 10^-3 because this is the value used in the textbook too. The video are few years old and the chemistry community is constantly evolving with new ways to write/identify things. So, I would trust his lecture more since they are newer than the audio visual videos.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Jan 09, 2021 7:36 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Calculating concentration using the quadratic formula
Replies: 6
Views: 55

Calculating concentration using the quadratic formula

I understand how to use the ice/rice table to calculate the value of x to find the concentrations. Hypothetically, what if both the values of x we get from the quadratic formula are positive, then which one would we use to calculate concentrations?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Jan 09, 2021 7:33 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Using bar or atm in Calculations
Replies: 4
Views: 18

Re: Using bar or atm in Calculations

ATM is the standard unit of measure of pressure so we are most likely dealing with atm in chemistry, but I also agree with Sarah it depends on the units given in the problems.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Jan 09, 2021 7:30 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: New Year Resolutions?
Replies: 54
Views: 287

Re: New Year Resolutions?

Prioritize mental health over everything and be more productive
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Jan 08, 2021 6:24 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Non-Ideal gases?
Replies: 26
Views: 186

Re: Non-Ideal gases?

It is not mentioned in the syllabus so most likely not.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Jan 08, 2021 6:18 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Audio-Visual Topics
Replies: 13
Views: 102

Re: Audio-Visual Topics

Last quarter what helped me the most with applying the concepts we learned in class was to go UAs workshops/step up session (one a week) and do practice problems in the textbook.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Thu Jan 07, 2021 6:02 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Equilibrium Constant Dependency
Replies: 2
Views: 26

Equilibrium Constant Dependency

I know that the equilibrium constant is affected by the temperature, but why is it affected by temperature? Why is it only depended on temperature and not the the concentration of reactant we start off with.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Dec 12, 2020 10:39 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Plans for Relaxing After Finals
Replies: 98
Views: 641

Re: Plans for Relaxing After Finals

spending more time with my family and focusing on finishing my shows
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:13 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Ferrate for iron
Replies: 5
Views: 75

Re: Ferrate for iron

https://quizlet.com/462765872/ligand-na ... ds/?x=1jqt
here is another quizlet that someone in chem14a made that you can use!!!
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:12 pm
Forum: Identifying Acidic & Basic Salts
Topic: Calculating Ka
Replies: 2
Views: 14

Re: Calculating Ka

we are expected to just write the basic formula for a compound he gives us but are not expected to calculate it
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:11 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming quizlet
Replies: 41
Views: 337

Re: Naming quizlet

Thank you!!! This is really helpful
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:09 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Struggling on topics
Replies: 6
Views: 74

Re: Struggling on topics

You can rewatch lectures that pertain to the topic that you are struggling at, you can also watch YouTube videos online that explains the topic, do practice problem and compare your answers with solution manual and see what you did wrong
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:08 pm
Forum: Identifying Acidic & Basic Salts
Topic: Memorizing Conjugates
Replies: 4
Views: 65

Re: Memorizing Conjugates

Mari Williams 2k wrote:Going over them once or twice on quizlet is always helpful!

I agree with this! memorization is key to understanding common conjugates. There is also many quizlet available online so you do not have to worry about making one
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:06 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: How to identify polydentates
Replies: 2
Views: 25

Re: How to identify polydentates

Draw the lewis strcuture of the molecule
The ligand must have at least 2 atoms with lone pairs
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 11, 2020 10:04 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Electron Geometry
Replies: 8
Views: 74

Re: Electron Geometry

Electron geometry describes the arrangement of electron in a compound. Molecular geometry describes the arrangement of atoms, excluding lone pairs
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 04, 2020 8:44 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Coordination Number for square planar molecule
Replies: 3
Views: 50

Re: Coordination Number for square planar molecule

Coordination number is number of bonds (number of ligands) attached to the Transitional Metal. In the square planar complex, there are only 4 ligands attached and 2 lone pairs. So the coordination number is 4. REMEMBER NOT TO CONFUSED COORDINATION NUMBER WITH ELECTRON PAIRS OF TM!
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 04, 2020 8:32 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: sapling problem #1
Replies: 5
Views: 76

Re: sapling problem #1

[Co(NH3)4Cl2]Cl In naming coordination compounds, ligands are named in alphabetical order first and then the TM with their oxidation number. From the compound above we can see that Cl2 and NH3 are the ligands. Since there are two cl anions it is dichloro and since there are 4 NH3 it is tetraammine. ...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 04, 2020 8:20 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Practice Exam for Final
Replies: 23
Views: 312

Re: Practice Exam for Final

I don't think there any past final exams made available. However, in many of the workshops the questions are pulled directly from midterms and finals exams so you should be prepared by attending workshops. Also, you should do textbook problems to study. I think textbook problems are most similar to ...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 04, 2020 8:18 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Coordination Numbers
Replies: 8
Views: 81

Re: Coordination Numbers

Coordination numbers are the numbers of bonds ligands forms with the transitional metal. Basically, they are the number of ligands bonded to TM. If you are still confused I think you should rewatch the Monday lecture (specifically the coordination compound part), Dr. Lavelle goes into dept about coo...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 04, 2020 8:13 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Textbook Question 9C:5
Replies: 2
Views: 18

Re: Textbook Question 9C:5

When you draw out the lewis structure of CO3 2- you can see that there are two lewis structures. One structure has one CO double bond and two single CO bond. In this structure the Oxygen is capable of interacting with a transitional metal at two different places so it is classified as bidentate. The...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Fri Dec 04, 2020 8:01 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Oxidation Number
Replies: 6
Views: 62

Re: Oxidation Number

Yes, you are correct. +3 is the oxidation state of the Co. NH3 is neutral and since the charge of two chlorine outside is -2 the compound charge must be +2. Therefore, since Cl inside has a charge of -1 you set this equation: X -1 = +2. The X aka the oxidation of Co is +3
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 29, 2020 3:15 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Tips for VSEPR
Replies: 6
Views: 91

Re: Tips for VSEPR

There is a lot of pre-made quizlets available that you can use as flashcard to study or as a practice test. I recommend this method because you can use quizlet on any browser anywhere
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 29, 2020 3:13 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Sapling #17
Replies: 10
Views: 131

Re: Sapling #17

I'm not really sure if we can find most favorable structure if there is no resonance. They all have equal net charges of 0 too so I think they are all favorable.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 29, 2020 3:08 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Step Up/UA Sessions
Replies: 10
Views: 137

Re: Step Up/UA Sessions

They are really helpful! I try to go to at least two workshops per week. I think the workshops problems are very similar to the structure. And they go step-by-step to make sure you understand the concept/problems
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 28, 2020 7:33 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Axial vs Equatorial
Replies: 3
Views: 42

Re: Axial vs Equatorial

Lone pairs have a stronger repelling effect than electrons in bonds. This is because lone pair have a larger electron cloud whereas bonding pair are being held in place by the two atom. Thus, to have the lowest energy/stable shape we need to have lone pairs as far away from other electron density re...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 28, 2020 7:29 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Finals!
Replies: 43
Views: 402

Re: Finals!

Is there a possibility that the finals are going to be curved?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 28, 2020 7:27 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Delocalized Pi Bonds
Replies: 3
Views: 61

Re: Delocalized Pi Bonds

Pi bonds are bonds formed by overlapping two parallel unhybridized p orbitals. If there are more than one adjacent orbitals the central atom can overlap with then its called a delocalized pi bonds. You can easily identify a delocalized pi bond if there is more than one adjacent atom from which a dou...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 28, 2020 7:09 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Midterm/Final Success?
Replies: 17
Views: 161

Re: Midterm/Final Success?

Here are my tips: ATTEND UAs Sessions!! They go over previous years midterm/final questions so you get used Dr. Lavelle exam structure. Make a study guide using the unit outlines, lecture notes, and textbook I think textbook problems + UAs session problems are the most similar to the exam so priorit...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 28, 2020 7:06 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: 14B vs 14A
Replies: 12
Views: 174

Re: 14B vs 14A

From what I heard Chem 14B material is harder. The textbook is same. Based on the syllabi for 14B there are Two 50 minute tests, One 2 hour midterm exam.
One 3 hour final exam.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Nov 23, 2020 6:18 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Final Jitters
Replies: 288
Views: 38553

Re: Final Jitters

I always have test anxiety right before any test. The best thing to do in my opinion is finding a study routine that works best for you (aka not procasinate and divide things up for study) and clearing your mind by doing what you like the most (watching movies, talking a walk, or sleeping)
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Nov 23, 2020 1:53 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Unhybridized orbitals
Replies: 1
Views: 46

Unhybridized orbitals

What is the difference between unhybridized and hybridized orbitals? How do we determine how many unhybridized orbitals a molecule have?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 22, 2020 7:10 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Question About Seesaw Molecular Geometry
Replies: 3
Views: 26

Re: Question About Seesaw Molecular Geometry

Lone pairs have a stronger repelling effect than electrons in bonds. This is because lone pair have a larger electron cloud whereas bonding pair are being held in place by the two atom. Thus, to have the lowest energy/stable shape we need to have lone pairs as far away from other electron density re...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 21, 2020 7:54 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: VSEPR
Replies: 4
Views: 124

Re: VSEPR

I don't think so since it was only briefly mentioned in the textbook. Calculating it is a really complicated procedure that is beyond the scope of chemistry 14A so you don't have to worry about it Also, in order to analyze it we just look at the different colors. Since each color represent either th...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 21, 2020 5:31 pm
Forum: Polarisability of Anions, The Polarizing Power of Cations
Topic: Non-Polar Bonds
Replies: 3
Views: 52

Re: Non-Polar Bonds

Based on the textbook and lectures, we should know that homonuclear diatomic molecules, benzene, methane, ethylene, and most organic molecules are non polars.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 21, 2020 5:25 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: What are dipole moments
Replies: 9
Views: 95

Re: What are dipole moments

http://www.chem.ucla.edu/~harding/IGOC/ ... oment.html
I was also struggling with understanding what dipole moments are and the website above helped me understand them better. I hope It can help!
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 21, 2020 5:21 pm
Forum: Sigma & Pi Bonds
Topic: Are sigma and pi bonds the only types of bonds?
Replies: 2
Views: 48

Are sigma and pi bonds the only types of bonds?

When I was looking up examples of sigma and pi bonds on google for a reference, I saw that there exist something called a delta bond. What exactly is a delta bond and how do we determine if a covalent compound has a delta bond? Also, are we expected to memorize delta bond for this course?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 21, 2020 5:14 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Which shapes to memorize
Replies: 11
Views: 172

Re: Which shapes to memorize

If you are struggling with memorizing the molecular shapes, watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2XmaiEC0Vw!
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 21, 2020 5:10 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Study Tips for Final Exam
Replies: 57
Views: 515

Re: Study Tips for Final Exam

Review your lecture notes, attends workshops/step sessions, practice problems from the book + homework, and if you are unsure about a topic don't be afraid to ask in the chemistry community !
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 15, 2020 10:35 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Midterm 2
Replies: 23
Views: 173

Re: Midterm 2

Your TA will tell you when to start after making sure your desk is clear. After you are done, I am pretty sure you can just leave the zoom.
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 15, 2020 10:32 pm
Forum: Octet Exceptions
Topic: Radicals
Replies: 6
Views: 85

Re: Radicals

Basing of the problems in book about radicals, we should know that radicals have unpaired spins, be able to draw radicals/determine which structure is a radical, know that radicals are highly reactive/ can't be stored
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 15, 2020 10:29 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Building Resonance Structures with Similar Formal Charges
Replies: 2
Views: 38

Re: Building Resonance Structures with Similar Formal Charges

Least formal charges = more favorable. More electronegative atom should have the negative charge since it attracts electrons. If mot electronegative atom doesn't have the negative charge then its not favorable
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 14, 2020 10:25 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: Textbook 2C.3
Replies: 1
Views: 41

Re: Textbook 2C.3

I have the same question about part c. How do we determine which atom bonds with which when we have three different atoms ?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:40 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Resonance
Replies: 19
Views: 132

Resonance

How does resonance lowers energy and make molecules stable?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:35 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Saving 14B for second enrollement
Replies: 4
Views: 75

Re: Saving 14B for second enrollement

I'm also enrolling in 14B In second enrollment because there is usually enough seats because it is in such a high demands
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:32 pm
Forum: Formal Charge and Oxidation Numbers
Topic: Helpful screenshot of oxidation rules from textbook
Replies: 7
Views: 74

Re: Helpful screenshot of oxidation rules from textbook

one of the LA mentioned that oxidation states will not be tested. I think we just need to have a general understanding of them
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Nov 09, 2020 1:01 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Temporary vs Permanent Dipole Moments
Replies: 2
Views: 26

Temporary vs Permanent Dipole Moments

What is the difference between temporary and permanent dipole moments? How are they both formed?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Nov 09, 2020 12:59 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipole clarification
Replies: 6
Views: 62

Re: Dipole clarification

I think it is both. They can occur between two ions in an ionic bond or between atoms in a covalent bond
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 08, 2020 11:57 pm
Forum: Electronegativity
Topic: Periodic Trends
Replies: 9
Views: 42

Re: Periodic Trends

"E stands for three things: Electronegativity, Electron affinity, and ionization Energy. All of these E’s increase going up and to the right of the periodic table." from MCAT mnemonics Periodic Trends
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sun Nov 08, 2020 3:39 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Electron Affinity
Replies: 4
Views: 35

Electron Affinity

Why is the electron affinity for Carbon greater than nitrogen? Doesn't carbon occupying an orbital outside a closed shell means it farther from nucleus and requires energy.
Also, is the Nobel gas and C&N are the only exceptions in electron affinity?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 07, 2020 9:15 pm
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: Textbook 1D #21
Replies: 5
Views: 35

Re: Textbook 1D #21

Just out of curiosity, If it is more than 5 orbitals, do we go by alphabet order or is there a specific order you need to go by
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 07, 2020 9:12 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Veterans Day
Replies: 16
Views: 145

Re: Veterans Day

Would the TA office hours and UA sessions will also be cancelled then?
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Sat Nov 07, 2020 9:11 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Studying From Home
Replies: 91
Views: 634

Re: Studying From Home

Hi ! I agree with you that studying at home has been really challenging for many. I think the best tip is to make a schedule and stick to it. Schedule for when you are going to do homework, study, or attend UA sessions. Also when studying follow the 45 min rule. Study for 45 min and take a 10 min br...
by Mahnoor_Wani_1I
Mon Nov 02, 2020 1:22 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Delocalization of Electron
Replies: 2
Views: 45

Delocalization of Electron

While watching today's lecture, I was confused about the concept of delocalization vs localization. Can someone explain to what each terms means in terms of resonance structures. Also, why does the delocalization of electrons increases a molecule or compound stability?

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