## Search found 68 matches

Fri Jan 15, 2021 9:40 am
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: PV=nRT
Replies: 63
Views: 404

### Re: PV=nRT

P= pressure
V=volume
n= moles
R= gas constant
T= temperature in Kelvin
Fri Jan 15, 2021 9:39 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Gas
Replies: 16
Views: 64

### Re: Gas

I think we'd be asked to give it in either bar or atm, but in one of the lecture videos he said that 1 bar is approximately 1 atm, so I guess its just up to whether the problem is asking for bar or atm in units.
Fri Jan 15, 2021 9:37 am
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Kw
Replies: 8
Views: 52

### Re: Kw

water can be either an acid or a base and is considered weak because it does not completely ionize.
Fri Jan 15, 2021 9:34 am
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Gas constant R
Replies: 21
Views: 70

### Re: Gas constant R

R is a constant, which would either be given to us on the equation sheet, or we'd have to know it. R= 8.3145
Fri Jan 15, 2021 9:30 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: pKa and pH
Replies: 10
Views: 40

### Re: pKa and pH

pKa refers to -log[H3O+][conjugate base]/[acid] whereas pH refers to -log[H3O+]
Tue Jan 05, 2021 10:04 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: K vs. Kc
Replies: 15
Views: 73

### Re: K vs. Kc

K is an equilibrium constant, but Kc is understood as an equilibrium of concentration constant, so they're basically the same. K is just a broader term.
Tue Jan 05, 2021 9:56 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: reversing reactions
Replies: 59
Views: 339

### Re: reversing reactions

In a reverse reaction, K would become inverse, so it would be 1/K.
Tue Jan 05, 2021 9:55 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: T variable in pv=nrt [ENDORSED]
Replies: 37
Views: 255

### Re: T variable in pv=nrt[ENDORSED]

I would leave the temperature in Kelvin for its units because that is the correct unit when using ideal gas laws.
Tue Jan 05, 2021 9:54 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Bars to atm [ENDORSED]
Replies: 22
Views: 122

### Re: Bars to atm[ENDORSED]

One of the audio visual modules said that for now we're just going to convert 1 bar = 1 atm.
Tue Jan 05, 2021 9:52 pm
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Units of Temperature
Replies: 82
Views: 260

### Re: Units of Temperature

When working with the ideal gas laws we would use Kelvin as our unit for temperature.
Thu Dec 10, 2020 9:13 am
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipole canceling
Replies: 13
Views: 73

### Re: Dipole canceling

if the arrows of the dipole moments can cancel each other out then the molecule will have no net dipole moment.
Thu Dec 10, 2020 9:04 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: [Co(NH3)5 Cl] Cl 2H2O
Replies: 5
Views: 48

### Re: [Co(NH3)5 Cl] Cl 2H2O

the 2H2O is called dihydrate because it is not within the brackets. If it was in the brackets, however, it would be diaqua.
Thu Dec 10, 2020 9:02 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming quizlet
Replies: 41
Views: 255

### Re: Naming quizlet

Thank you so much for sharing this! definitely will be helpful when I study
Thu Dec 10, 2020 9:01 am
Forum: Industrial Examples
Topic: Chemotherapy
Replies: 18
Views: 378

### Re: Chemotherapy

cisplatin is the chemotherapy drug mentioned in lecture. it binds to the DNA and the two adjacent guanines.
Thu Dec 10, 2020 8:55 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS
Replies: 24
Views: 278

### Re: FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS

I think only some of the textbook questions will appear on the final
Sun Dec 06, 2020 10:48 am
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: How to simply determine hybridization
Replies: 27
Views: 182

### Re: How to simply determine hybridization

For hybridization, just count the amount of regions of electron density. 1 region would be s, 2 regions would be sp, etc. There are really helpful charts you can look up and study if you're still unsure, but other than that, it's pretty straightforward :)
Sun Dec 06, 2020 10:44 am
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: linear same atoms?
Replies: 6
Views: 48

### Re: linear same atoms?

You have to take into consideration the amount of lone pairs on the structure, as they can modify the shape and push down on the other bonds, lessening the bond angles.It doesn't matter if the lewis structure is all the same element, it's all about lone pairs and regions of electron density.
Sun Dec 06, 2020 10:35 am
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: Hemoglobin vs. Myoglobin
Replies: 29
Views: 212

### Re: Hemoglobin vs. Myoglobin

Hemoglobin transports oxygen to the blood and has 4 myoglobins. Myoglobin delivers oxygen to the muscles in the body.
Sun Dec 06, 2020 10:33 am
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming H2O
Replies: 11
Views: 69

### Re: Naming H2O

I don't think it matters which way you write it (H2O or OH2) but I think you would use one over the other depending on where the molecule is bonding.
Sun Dec 06, 2020 10:20 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Chem 14A Final
Replies: 21
Views: 169

### Re: Chem 14A Final

I believe that the content distribution on the final will be relative to how much time we've spent going over each unit so like the quantum world unit would have more question than naming coordination compounds, for example. To be safe though, I would say just study everything.
Sun Nov 29, 2020 9:33 am
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: VSEPR Chart
Replies: 18
Views: 104

### Re: VSEPR Chart

To be safe, I would just try to memorize the different VSEPR shapes and bond angles. We might not need to know every single one of them exactly but maybe just be tested on certain aspects about them, but who knows.
Sun Nov 29, 2020 9:31 am
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: What does delocalized π bond mean?
Replies: 18
Views: 127

### Re: What does delocalized π bond mean?

A delocalized pi bond would mean that the Lewis structure has resonance
Sun Nov 29, 2020 9:25 am
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: hybridization of phosphorus (Sapling Q.11)
Replies: 21
Views: 96

### Re: hybridization of phosphorus (Sapling Q.11)

PO4 ^3- has four regions of electron density. Even though it has a double bond, it still counts as just one region (single, double, triple bonds = 1 region). The hybridization for P would then be sp3.
Sun Nov 29, 2020 9:21 am
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Sapling Week 7/8 HW #5
Replies: 5
Views: 53

### Re: Sapling Week 7/8 HW #5

The axial atoms are in the same plane as the central atom and are 180 degrees apart from each other while the rest of the atoms are equatorial atoms.
Sun Nov 29, 2020 9:19 am
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: pi and sigma bonds
Replies: 17
Views: 97

### Re: pi and sigma bonds

A single bond has 1 sigma bond; double bonds have 1 sigma bond and 1 pi bond; and triple bonds have 1 sigma bond plus 2 pi bonds.
Sat Nov 21, 2020 6:10 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Linear shape
Replies: 7
Views: 54

### Re: Linear shape

NO2- has a bent shape because of the lone pair of electrons. Lone pairs create electron repulsion, pushing down, causing the molecule to have a bent shape rather than linear.
Sat Nov 21, 2020 6:08 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Polar or Nonpolar
Replies: 13
Views: 220

### Re: Polar or Nonpolar

If the molecule's shape is symmetrical, it is polar whereas if the molecule is asymmetrical, it'll be non polar.
Sat Nov 21, 2020 6:06 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Lone Pair E-
Replies: 47
Views: 255

### Re: Lone Pair E-

Yes, lone pairs of electrons count as regions of electron density!
Sat Nov 21, 2020 6:01 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Dipole-Dipole vs Dipole-Induced Dipole
Replies: 5
Views: 48

### Re: Dipole-Dipole vs Dipole-Induced Dipole

A dipole-dipole force occurs between an atom that has a partial positive charge and another atom that has a partial negative charge. the electrons are being pulled towards the more negative atom, which indicates the direction in which we draw the dipole arrow. An induced-dipole is when a dipole exer...
Sat Nov 21, 2020 5:51 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Shape Names
Replies: 50
Views: 276

### Re: Shape Names

You're correct, the shape name is bent! It could also be angular, but bent is perfectly acceptable :)
Thu Nov 12, 2020 9:16 am
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: Spin States and Hund's Rule
Replies: 8
Views: 88

### Re: Spin States and Hund's Rule

I don't think the direction matters when writing the arrows, but if you start with a spin down arrow and are filling the other shells with Ione arrow each, then you'd want to continue with the spin down arrows.
Thu Nov 12, 2020 9:03 am
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Midterm 2
Replies: 6
Views: 79

### Re: Midterm 2

Midterm 2 is everything since Midterm 1, ending with material in 11/11's lecture.
Thu Nov 12, 2020 9:00 am
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Liquid vs. Solid vs. Gas
Replies: 5
Views: 33

### Re: Liquid vs. Solid vs. Gas

In Dr. Lavelle's lecture, he said that high polarizability is related to high attractiveness. In the tube and rod example, the tube on the left had fewer electrons, making it less polarizable whereas the tube on the right had the most electrons out of the three, making it the most polarizable and at...
Thu Nov 12, 2020 8:55 am
Forum: Formal Charge and Oxidation Numbers
Topic: Identify these type if problems
Replies: 4
Views: 21

### Re: Identify these type if problems

Usually when a problem is asking you which Lewis structure is the most stable, you'd want to use formal charges.
Thu Nov 12, 2020 8:51 am
Forum: Formal Charge and Oxidation Numbers
Topic: Helpful screenshot of oxidation rules from textbook
Replies: 7
Views: 61

### Re: Helpful screenshot of oxidation rules from textbook

Thank you so much for this! I know that when I was doing Sapling there was part of a question asking about oxidation numbers which kind of threw me off, but now I can go back and try it out
Wed Nov 04, 2020 9:39 am
Forum: DeBroglie Equation
Topic: p
Replies: 19
Views: 153

### Re: p

p stands for momentum and can be written as mv, where m is the mass and v is the velocity
Wed Nov 04, 2020 9:38 am
Forum: Einstein Equation
Topic: energy of photon
Replies: 7
Views: 55

### Re: energy of photon

You can use either equation to find the energy of a photon, but I like to use E=hv because it's easier for me to plug things in and solve for. If you're given a frequency or wavelength you could use that one, but if you have key words like "how much energy is required to eject.." it'd remi...
Wed Nov 04, 2020 9:34 am
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: paired and parallel
Replies: 10
Views: 55

### Re: paired and parallel

Paired electrons means that one will be spin up and the other spin down whereas a parallel spin means there's only one electron in each shell with both spin up.
Wed Nov 04, 2020 9:24 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Replies: 50
Views: 293

I've attended a few step up sessions and workshops before the first midterm and found them to be really helpful. I'm not the greatest at chemistry but the hosts usually explain in detail about how and why we do something in a problem and at the end of the session I feel more confident. The textbook ...
Wed Nov 04, 2020 9:21 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Midterm Scores
Replies: 28
Views: 268

### Re: Midterm Scores

Midterm scores will be available Thursday 11/5!
Thu Oct 29, 2020 5:29 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Chapter Readings for the 2nd Midterm
Replies: 6
Views: 74

### Re: Chapter Readings for the 2nd Midterm

I think the second midterm will cover material we learn after midterm 1, starting with quantum numbers and electron configurations up until wherever we stop.
Thu Oct 29, 2020 5:28 pm
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: position units
Replies: 19
Views: 111

### Re: position units

I would always make sure to first convert nm or pm to m, in order to stay consistent with the units used in the uncertainty equation (m/s) when solving for velocity. Unless specified otherwise, convert to m.
Thu Oct 29, 2020 5:26 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Sapling Week 4 #25
Replies: 4
Views: 51

### Re: Sapling Week 4 #25

for m you would use the mass of the electron because it has the key word electron in the question and because m is part of the equation solving for the energy. the mass of an electron is equal to 9.11x10^-31 kg.
Thu Oct 29, 2020 5:24 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Is c always the speed of light?
Replies: 88
Views: 453

### Re: Is c always the speed of light?

From all the material we've covered, c is always going to be a constant (the speed of light), 2.998x10^8 m/s. In the future maybe there will be another variable, c, that could also be another constant, but until now, just know that its the speed of light!
Thu Oct 29, 2020 5:21 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Midterm
Replies: 42
Views: 390

### Re: Midterm

The midterm is taken during our discussion sections and is proctored by our TA. It's multiple choice with 12 questions and I believe partial credit for some questions. Quantum numbers aren't on it.
Wed Oct 21, 2020 8:36 pm
Forum: General Science Questions
Topic: Equation Sheet for Tests
Replies: 5
Views: 57

### Re: Equation Sheet for Tests

Dr. Lavelle has a sheet of equations and a periodic table on his website that we should print out in order to be ready for the exam.
Mon Oct 19, 2020 8:02 pm
Forum: DeBroglie Equation
Topic: At What Point does wavelength become undetectable?
Replies: 8
Views: 75

### Re: At What Point does wavelength become undetectable?

Anything with a wavelength of less than 10^-15 does not have detectable wavelike properties.
Mon Oct 19, 2020 7:59 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Sapling Week 2-4 HW Question 1
Replies: 8
Views: 82

### Re: Sapling Week 2-4 HW Question 1

So, electromagnetic energy is measured in units of photons. Wavelength and frequency are set properties of the pulse of light, and energy is proportional to the number of photons. So because the question is asking for the energy of 100 photons, the answer would be energy, E, is 100, along with just ...
Mon Oct 19, 2020 7:51 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Planck's Constant
Replies: 7
Views: 51

### Re: Planck's Constant

Planck’s constant is 6.626x10^-34 J.s and typically assumes the variable h.
Mon Oct 19, 2020 7:49 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: How are you studying?
Replies: 203
Views: 1259

### Re: How are you studying?

Hey there, What I do is everyday I do a section of the assigned, though not graded, homework problems from the ebook and then review them when completed. I had seen on the course syllabus that were encouraged to do those problems because some may appear on the midterms, so I’d definitely suggest att...
Thu Oct 15, 2020 10:24 am
Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
Topic: Empirical or Molecular
Replies: 11
Views: 110

### Re: Empirical or Molecular

In problems asking you to determine the empirical and molecular formulas, the problem will state the molar mass of the molecular formula. This indicates that you need to find the empirical formula and then the empirical formula's molar mass in order to proceed. Then you'd divide (molecular/empirical...
Thu Oct 15, 2020 10:18 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Molar Mass
Replies: 23
Views: 179

### Re: Molar Mass

During my calculations I write down whatever the periodic table has for molar masses and don't round until I get to my final answer (this prevents any errors or wrong number of significant figures). Then, I just look at the problem and find the lowest number of sig figs used and round the final answ...
Thu Oct 15, 2020 10:11 am
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Replies: 32
Views: 259

### Re: iPad vs Paper notes

Hey! I've been using the 2020 iPad Pro and the apple pencil to take notes with and to organize all my subjects by folder and so on. I think it's super worth the money because you're able to condense say, 5 notebooks, into the notes app! it's also really convenient having access to a bunch of differe...
Thu Oct 15, 2020 10:06 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Whole Number Stoichiometric Coefficients
Replies: 12
Views: 106

### Re: Whole Number Stoichiometric Coefficients

I think Dr. Lavelle prefers having all stoichiometric coefficients as whole numbers rather than fractions. You can just multiply the entire balanced equation's coefficients by the fraction's denominator to achieve the whole numbers.
Mon Oct 12, 2020 8:10 pm
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Balancing equations.
Replies: 35
Views: 730

### Re: Balancing equations.

I've been told to go in order from least occurring to most occurring in the chemical equation while balancing. Also, writing each element/compound underneath both sides (reactants and products) help me keep track of where I am in balancing because you can just start crossing them out and seeing if t...
Mon Oct 12, 2020 8:07 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Testing with a periodic table
Replies: 16
Views: 172

### Re: Testing with a periodic table

Hi there,

I believe that we are going to be given a periodic table along with a formula sheet with helpful formulas and constants that are allowed to be of aid on the exams this quarter.
Mon Oct 12, 2020 2:19 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: L5
Replies: 1
Views: 46

### L5

Does anyone know how to do L5 from the fundamentals section of the book problems? The solid fuel in the booster stage of the space shuttle is a mixture of ammonium perchlorate and aluminum powder. Upon ignition, the reaction that takes place is 6NH4 ClO4 (s) + 10 Al (s) → 5 Al2O3 (s) + 3N2 (g) + 6HC...
Sat Oct 10, 2020 10:14 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Chemistry basics
Replies: 6
Views: 58

### Re: Chemistry basics

The Organic Chemistry Tutor on YouTube is super helpful when it comes to literally any topic in STEM subjects. He has a playlist dedicated to different subjects and they've been super helpful so far
Sat Oct 10, 2020 9:55 am
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Molarity test question
Replies: 8
Views: 86

### Re: Molarity test question

I think we could be tested on finding any of the variables, be it M1, V1, M2, or V2. Just as long as we have enough given information and know how to manipulate the equation to isolate and find the variable that's asked, we should be fine.
Sat Oct 10, 2020 9:51 am
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Mole notation
Replies: 7
Views: 69

### Re: Mole notation

g.mol^-1 and g/mol are interchangeable so you can use whichever you prefer!
Fri Oct 09, 2020 6:15 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: What does mmol stand for?
Replies: 33
Views: 329

### Re: What does mmol stand for?

Hi there!

mmol stands for millimoles!

The unit conversion is 1 mmol = 0.001 mol.
Fri Oct 09, 2020 6:13 pm
Forum: Accuracy, Precision, Mole, Other Definitions
Topic: Moles textbook problem
Replies: 3
Views: 46

### Re: Moles textbook problem

You'd want to first start off by converting the 5.15 g into moles. (5.15 g) / (246.492 g) = 0.02089 mol. If you look at the chemical formula for Epsom salts, you'll notice that there are 11 atoms of oxygen, so you'd want to multiply 11 by the newly found amount of moles. (11)(0.02089) = 0.2298 moles...
Fri Oct 09, 2020 9:17 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Periodic Table
Replies: 50
Views: 482

### Re: Periodic Table

We will be given a periodic table on the exams, though I'm not sure how detailed it will be. It might be useful to familiarize with the groups of elements and where they're located on the periodic table prior to the exam.
Fri Oct 09, 2020 9:16 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Naming compounds
Replies: 21
Views: 192

### Re: Naming compounds

I believe that Dr. Lavelle said there would be a given sheet of helpful information to use on the exams, and that the names of some compounds would be on there. However, my first time taking this class (though at another college) the professor had us really practice our naming of compounds and in tu...
Thu Oct 08, 2020 11:03 am
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Molarity Calculation
Replies: 5
Views: 45

### Re: Molarity Calculation

You'd first want to begin by converting to the correct units for a molarity problem (mol & L). (55.1 g KCl) / (74.55 g KCl) = 0.739 mol KCl 75 mL/1000 mL = 0.075 l 125 mL/1000 mL = 0.125 l Then, you can use the M1V1 = M2V2 formula and plug the known variables in. To get M1, divide 0.739 mol / 0....
Thu Oct 08, 2020 10:50 am
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Homework Problem G 21
Replies: 2
Views: 38

### Homework Problem G 21

Hey everyone, I'm having trouble understanding how to do G21 from the textbook. "A solution is prepared by dissolving 0.500 g of KCl, 0.500 g of K2S, and 0.500 g of K3PO4 in 500. mL of water. What is the concentration in the final solution of (a) potassium ions; (b) sulfide ions?" I know I...
Tue Oct 06, 2020 11:43 am
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Rounding in Between Steps [ENDORSED]
Replies: 22
Views: 202

### Re: Rounding in Between Steps[ENDORSED]

I believe you should only round once you get your final answer, as rounding in between calculations may cause some error in the final answer.
Tue Oct 06, 2020 11:30 am
Forum: SI Units, Unit Conversions
Topic: Formula Units
Replies: 8
Views: 68

### Formula Units

Hi everyone, I'm doing the Fundamentals homework problems and was wondering what the question means by "how many formula units?" The exact question I'm working on is E9, Epsom salts consist of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate. Write its formula. (a) How many atoms of oxygen are in 5.15 g of ...