## Search found 81 matches

Thu Jan 21, 2021 11:33 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Changes in partial pressure
Replies: 7
Views: 24

### Re: Changes in partial pressure

There will be a shift under Le Chatelier principle. In addition, it's important to remember that the K does not change!
Thu Jan 21, 2021 11:32 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: neutral solution
Replies: 9
Views: 75

### Re: neutral solution

But I thought that If [H30+]<10^-7 that means that the solution is basic not neutral because the pH would be above 7 and if the pH is above 7 then it is basic? The pH is essentially -log (concentration) and concentrations are usually 10^ (some negative number) , so the smaller the negative exponent...
Thu Jan 21, 2021 11:29 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: How to find pH
Replies: 3
Views: 34

### Re: How to find pH

Adding onto the great explanation above, I just wanted to correct the fact that pKa + pKb = pKw = 14 and Ka + Kb = Kw = 10^-14 :)
Thu Jan 21, 2021 11:25 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: reaction direction
Replies: 3
Views: 11

### Re: reaction direction

Generally, reactants are to the left of the arrow and products are to the right. When something "shifts" left, that means that the left side is favored (reactants) and vice versa. :)
Thu Jan 21, 2021 11:23 pm
Forum: Thermodynamic Systems (Open, Closed, Isolated)
Topic: endothermic/exothermic Q and K
Replies: 6
Views: 28

### Re: endothermic/exothermic Q and K

Delta H is essentially change in heat, and endothermic reactions absorb heat (lower H in reactants than products) while exothermic reactions release heat (higher H in reactants than products). When dealing with Q and K, think of heat as part of the reactants/products and apply Le Chatelier's princip...
Sun Jan 17, 2021 7:18 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: The Quadratic equation
Replies: 7
Views: 23

### Re: The Quadratic equation

In addition to the good responses above, I think application of quadratic equations could also be used when we deal with pressures and Kp!
Sun Jan 17, 2021 7:15 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Autoprotolysis Constant of Water
Replies: 7
Views: 19

### Re: Autoprotolysis Constant of Water

I think it's just a concept that we need to keep in mind and won't be given the value. I do think that remembering that the maximum pH is 14 and p of anything is essentially a -log function would help to remember the value when we need it!
Sun Jan 17, 2021 7:13 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Sapling 9 and 10
Replies: 1
Views: 34

### Re: Sapling 9 and 10

Hey, I'm pretty sure that if pH<pKa, that indicates that the acidic form exists in relatively greater amounts than the basic form. Since neutral solutions are preferred, acids would lose protons to become ionized (basic form), and vice versa. Hope this helps!
Sun Jan 17, 2021 7:08 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Squared equations
Replies: 5
Views: 11

### Squared equations

Hi, so I was doing Sapling and I noticed that some questions lead us to an equation for some K value where all terms are squares (e.g. if K=2=[products]^2/[reactants]^2. And when I saw the solution (if I didn't misunderstand) where they said we could take the square root of all the terms and get a s...
Sun Jan 17, 2021 7:04 am
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: 5G.1 Textbook Exercise
Replies: 4
Views: 10

### Re: 5G.1 Textbook Exercise

Sorry--in addition, the fact that there are changes in concentration at equilibrium does not mean that the K value has changed. If we plug the new concentrations into the equilibrium equation, we still get the same K :)
Sun Jan 17, 2021 7:03 am
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: 5G.1 Textbook Exercise
Replies: 4
Views: 10

### Re: 5G.1 Textbook Exercise

For (d), we learned about Le Chatelier's principle where whenever there is a change to the system, the system will want to reverse its effects. So if we have more reactants than we do at equilibrium, the system will use them up to form more products until they reach a new equilibrium. Hope this helps!
Sat Jan 09, 2021 2:47 am
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Calculating Q
Replies: 7
Views: 30

### Re: Calculating Q

Yes, I'm pretty sure you can do that since liquids and solids aren't included in Q or K calculations.
Sat Jan 09, 2021 2:31 am
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Q and K
Replies: 46
Views: 159

### Re: Q and K

I was confused on this as well, but I try to remember Q as reaction quotient and K as equillibrium constant and that helps me tell the difference!
Sat Jan 09, 2021 2:27 am
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Textbook question 5I.17
Replies: 2
Views: 7

### Re: Textbook question 5I.17

To be honest, I don't know if there's like a strict guideline when determining how small a value is for it to be negligible, but I have heard of the 5% rule where if x/initial concentration is less than 5% we are able to neglect x. Hope this helps!
Sat Jan 09, 2021 2:21 am
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: terminology
Replies: 11
Views: 46

### Re: terminology

If products are favored, then the reaction will be driven forward so that more products are formed, and if the reactants are favored, the reaction will be driven backwards (reverse reaction) so that more reactants are present. Hope this helps!
Sat Jan 09, 2021 2:20 am
Forum: Ideal Gases
Topic: Ideal Gas Law in the real world
Replies: 2
Views: 26

### Re: Ideal Gas Law in the real world

I think we could assess pressure change in automobiles mainly by monitoring the amount of air pumped into the tires. As the above reply stated, pressure increases if there are more moles of gas in an enclosed "container".
Sat Dec 12, 2020 9:08 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Difference between bond multiplicity and bond order
Replies: 2
Views: 27

### Re: Difference between bond multiplicity and bond order

Do we have to know how to find bind order for the final?
Sat Dec 12, 2020 8:39 pm
Forum: Empirical & Molecular Formulas
Topic: Molecular vs. Formula Units
Replies: 2
Views: 33

### Re: Molecular vs. Formula Units

I think formula units are usually used for solid network compounds (usually ionic) whereas molecular units are for covalent compounds.
Sat Dec 12, 2020 8:37 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Molarity forumla
Replies: 2
Views: 35

### Re: Molarity forumla

Hi, since concentration is moles/volume and molar mass is mass/moles, if you multiply the two to volume, moles and volume units cancel out to give us just the mass of the solute in whatever solution we were given. Hope this helps!
Fri Dec 11, 2020 8:07 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Chelates
Replies: 2
Views: 19

### Re: Chelates

Oh I see, thank you so much!
Fri Dec 11, 2020 7:23 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Chelates
Replies: 2
Views: 19

### Chelates

I was reading through my notes and was confused with the structure of a chelate. Why is it that only polydentates can form chelates and is it just a normal ring shaped structure?
Thu Dec 10, 2020 6:31 pm
Forum: Lewis Acids & Bases
Topic: Acids question
Replies: 4
Views: 31

### Re: Acids question

The Ka is the dissociation constant that tells you how much of the acid is dissociated in the solution. You can use it to determine the strength of the acid or predict the concentration of the acid or base in the solution.
Thu Dec 10, 2020 6:29 pm
Forum: Calculating the pH of Salt Solutions
Topic: Titration Diagram
Replies: 4
Views: 63

### Re: Titration Diagram

I think you're good to go as long as you can identify which point the stoichiometric/equivalence point lies in (when y axis is pH7). I don't think the rest of the points mean anything, but you should be able to relate those points to acidity of the titration solution by looking at the pH indicated i...
Sat Dec 05, 2020 11:08 pm
Forum: Calculating the pH of Salt Solutions
Topic: [OH-] & pOH
Replies: 3
Views: 124

### Re: [OH-] & pOH

pH or pOH is the negative log of the concentration of the molecule, which means that they have an inverse relationship.
Sat Dec 05, 2020 11:07 pm
Forum: Bronsted Acids & Bases
Topic: CH3COOH vs NH3
Replies: 2
Views: 41

### Re: CH3COOH vs NH3

I don't think that we can label CH3COOH as unstable in its form, especially because it is a weak acid and is usually present in water as whole undissociated molecules (stronger acids are less stable than weaker ones).
Sat Dec 05, 2020 8:59 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: 2E.25 Part A
Replies: 2
Views: 34

### Re: 2E.25 Part A

Even if we place Cl and H so that it looks like the dipole moments may cancel out in our drawing, in a 3-D shape, bond angles are not 90 degrees but are 109.5, so they won't actually cancel out.
Sat Dec 05, 2020 8:55 pm
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: Hemoglobin vs. Myoglobin
Replies: 29
Views: 225

### Re: Hemoglobin vs. Myoglobin

In lecture, it was mentioned that hemoglobin is made up of four myoglobin-like molecules so we could also infer that myoglobin is at the smaller scale.
Thu Dec 03, 2020 10:02 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Shape--VSEPR > Hybridization?
Replies: 2
Views: 8

### Re: Shape--VSEPR > Hybridization?

VSEPR helps determine the molecular shape. It is based on the fact that molecules tend to achieve a geometry that minimizes the repulsion of valence electrons. On the other hand, hybridization refers to atomic orbitals mixing to reach the lowest overall energy states. It explains why atomic orbital...
Thu Dec 03, 2020 9:48 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Shape--VSEPR > Hybridization?
Replies: 2
Views: 8

### Shape--VSEPR > Hybridization?

Hi, so I was rewatching lecture from last week and was wondering if there are cases where hybridization and VSEPR suggest different shapes for a molecule because Professor Lavelle mentioned that we always use VSEPR over hybridization when determining shape.
Thu Nov 26, 2020 6:11 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Cation size and covalent character
Replies: 5
Views: 61

### Re: Cation size and covalent character

Kelly Ha 2L wrote:
Kelly Yun 3K wrote:Oh, I see so size of cations and polarizing power and size of anions and polarizability are the opposite right? Thanks!

Yes, larger anions have greater polarizability and smaller cations have greater polarizing power.

Okay, thank you so much :) Happy Thanksgiving!
Thu Nov 26, 2020 6:11 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetate
Replies: 6
Views: 29

### Re: Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetate

I'm not sure if we need to know exceptions, but I think we will be notified which exceptions to know once we go over it in lecture :)
Thu Nov 26, 2020 5:12 pm
Forum: Biological Examples
Topic: Cisplatin example clarification
Replies: 2
Views: 44

### Re: Cisplatin example clarification

Hi! I'm not entirely sure, but I think the lone pairs from nitrogen are reactive and will be donated and used with the two guanines to form coordinate bonds. Happy Thanksgiving :)
Tue Nov 24, 2020 6:11 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Finding Hybridization
Replies: 6
Views: 28

### Finding Hybridization

Hi, so is it safe to assume that the number of "bonding areas" like a lone pair or bonding pair can determine hybridization for all molecules? Or are there any exceptions?
Tue Nov 24, 2020 5:48 pm
Forum: *Molecular Orbital Theory (Bond Order, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism)
Topic: Bond Order
Replies: 11
Views: 193

### Re: Bond Order

It simply means that there are no bonds produced in the molecule because there are an equal number of electrons in bonding and antibonding orbitals.
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:47 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Polarity through shape
Replies: 8
Views: 70

### Re: Polarity through shape

Hi, in a more simple sense, you would first need to see where the polar bonds are located and see if they are symmetrical and therefore can be canceled out. If they cancel out, you have a nonpolar molecule despite the polar bonds, but if they do not cancel out, the molecule would be polar.
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:04 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Cation size and covalent character
Replies: 5
Views: 61

### Re: Cation size and covalent character

Oh, I see so size of cations and polarizing power and size of anions and polarizability are the opposite right? Thanks!
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:02 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: polarity from lewis structure
Replies: 7
Views: 30

### Re: polarity from lewis structure

When looking at polarity of the molecule as whole, it is important to look at the geometry of the molecule. Any case where polarity cancels out (trigonal planar would also cancel out the polar bonds) and polar bonds are symmetric would lead to a nonpolar molecule, no matter how polar the bonds are.
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:00 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Sapling Week 7 & 8 HW Question 11
Replies: 14
Views: 108

### Re: Sapling Week 7 & 8 HW Question 11

I like to think of hybridization as the number of groups so like one lone pair would be a group and one bonding pair would be another group. In this case, there are four groups so the answer would be sp3.
Mon Nov 16, 2020 9:47 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: KBr vs NaBr ionic character
Replies: 4
Views: 27

### Re: KBr vs NaBr ionic character

I thought that larger anion size meant higher polarizability and more covalent character, so wouldn't NaBr have more ionic character? Please correct me if I'm wrong.
Mon Nov 16, 2020 9:45 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Cation size and covalent character
Replies: 5
Views: 61

### Cation size and covalent character

Hi, can someone explain the relationship between cation size and covalent character (solubility)? I only remember taking notes on the changes of halide anions affecting solubility.
Mon Nov 16, 2020 9:43 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Covalent character and solubility
Replies: 5
Views: 57

### Re: Covalent character and solubility

I was also confused about this because I searched up online to find that some say that the smaller the ion the stronger the interaction...Which was not what we learned in class. Would it be safe to generally follow the rule that smaller anions are more soluble and that higher covalent character mean...
Sat Nov 14, 2020 8:03 pm
Forum: Polarisability of Anions, The Polarizing Power of Cations
Topic: Consequences of polarizability
Replies: 4
Views: 141

### Re: Consequences of polarizability

Polarizability can be seen as a measure of the molecule's ability to acquire a dipole moment when exposed to an electric field, so I would say the consequence of polarizability would essentially be stronger IMFs.
Sat Nov 14, 2020 8:00 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Sapling Week 6 Number 9
Replies: 5
Views: 67

### Re: Sapling Week 6 Number 9

I think we were just looking at the rule where formal charge of each molecule is closest to 0 so that we have a lot of atoms with a formal charge of 0. I was confused as well, but I think that since the question was looking at resonance in different steps using different aspects, we just had to cons...
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:55 pm
Forum: Polarisability of Anions, The Polarizing Power of Cations
Topic: Polarisability for Ionic bonds
Replies: 3
Views: 37

### Re: Polarisability for Ionic bonds

I thought that polarizability was more related to intermolecular forces like dipole-dipole moments than intramolecular forces (bonds)...Can anyone correct me if I'm wrong? Thanks
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:51 pm
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Energy per mole
Replies: 2
Views: 25

### Re: Energy per mole

Yes, for any "one mole of interaction" I believe it would be one mole of each, since one of each make up one interaction.
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:48 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Textbook 3F #13
Replies: 3
Views: 36

### Re: Textbook 3F #13

I think you were right in looking at how close the molecules were to each other, but because the negative and positive charges align in only II, it would be II. I think that if we were given three structures all looking like II but being different lengths apart, we would choose the closest ones.
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:46 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Oxidation numbers
Replies: 5
Views: 32

### Re: Oxidation numbers

Oxidation numbers basically tell us how many electrons an atom would gain or lose when forming a bond with ionic character. We can see the overall charge of the molecule and use our basic knowledge (which I was told to memorize in HS, but I'm sure there would be a way to understand it otherwise) in ...
Sat Nov 14, 2020 7:43 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Resonance
Replies: 19
Views: 100

### Re: Resonance

Sometimes there can be multiple structures that are favored so we come up with resonance structures. In these structures, electrons are delocalized and occupy a larger volume, which lowers the energy of a molecule and stabilizes it.
Sat Nov 07, 2020 1:44 am
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: ml(cursive)
Replies: 3
Views: 64

### Re: ml(cursive)

I'm not sure if I understood your question, but I'm assuming you're asking how to determine the number of electrons given the ml value. If ml is given, we already know the sublevel, which contains two electrons with a spin up and spin down. If we were only given the n value like n=2, we wouldn't rea...
Sat Nov 07, 2020 1:41 am
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: Angular momentum quantum #s over 3
Replies: 4
Views: 14

### Re: Angular momentum quantum #s over 3

I believe s,p,d,f is all we need to know for this course, even though there may be angular momentum #s that have an absolute value greater than 3.
Sat Nov 07, 2020 1:40 am
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: valence electrons in d block
Replies: 3
Views: 30

### Re: valence electrons in d block

The d orbital can hold up to 10 electrons, but the nth s orbital may hold 1 or 2 electrons, so I think it's easiest to think of the number of valence electrons in the d block as equal to the group number.
Sat Nov 07, 2020 1:36 am
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Lecture Concept Question
Replies: 4
Views: 35

### Re: Lecture Concept Question

When we use a wave function (math) to determine the probability that we will find an electron at some place, we are representing electron orbitals in terms of mathematical concepts. The three quantum numbers tell us which energy level and orbital (s,p,d,f) to further help us conceptualize electron o...
Sat Nov 07, 2020 1:33 am
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Group/Period Trends
Replies: 7
Views: 60

### Re: Group/Period Trends

I believe the groups have more in common than the periods. Each vertical column has its own name and the atoms in the column act in a somewhat similar way (i.e. noble gases).
Sat Nov 07, 2020 1:31 am
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Effective nuclear charge
Replies: 5
Views: 46

### Re: Effective nuclear charge

Effective nuclear charge is basically the atomic number - # of shielding electrons. So I think we can generally assume that the more inner electrons an atom has compared to the number of protons, the lower the effective nuclear charge.
Wed Oct 28, 2020 12:57 am
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Atomic vs Molecular Spectroscopy (Outline 2)
Replies: 3
Views: 54

### Re: Atomic vs Molecular Spectroscopy (Outline 2)

Just to add on, I think there was a post-module question that addressed this on the website where the answer was that atomic spectroscopy helps us determine characteristics of a certain element while molecular spectroscopy does the same from a molecule.
Tue Oct 27, 2020 4:33 pm
Forum: *Particle in a Box
Topic: Midterm 1
Replies: 16
Views: 258

### Re: Midterm 1

Hi! We will not be tested on the particle in a box on the midterm. Dr Lavelle said in his lecture today that our midterm will only go up to the last slide he did which introduced the different atomic orbitals and did not discuss a particle in a box. In general, our midterm will only contain all the...
Tue Oct 27, 2020 4:31 pm
Forum: *Shrodinger Equation
Topic: Schrodingers on midterm
Replies: 2
Views: 83

### Re: Schrodingers on midterm

I think some things to remember would be that the wavefunction gives us the energy of the electron, Ψ represents the height of a wave at a position, and (Ψ)^2 represents the probability of finding an electron. Also, the H (hamiltonian) gives us a double derivative of the sin/cos wave function.
Tue Oct 27, 2020 1:37 am
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Midterm
Replies: 5
Views: 88

### Re: Midterm

I'm not entirely sure but I remember someone saying in the Groupme that they asked their TA and she said the midterm questions for this chapter should only include material from 1A and 1B but to read 1C. I have no idea why the email said we needed to know up to 1D2, but I hope this can clarify thing...
Tue Oct 27, 2020 1:33 am
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: delta x for textbook question 1b 27
Replies: 2
Views: 32

### delta x for textbook question 1b 27

According to the question, a bowling ball of mass 8.00 kg is rolled down a bowling alley lane at 5.00+-5.0m/s, then since the position is + or - 5 from 5, isn't the spread/delta x 10.0? The solution manual used 5.0 so I was confused because I thought that delta x was the spread of uncertainty (2x th...
Mon Oct 26, 2020 8:17 am
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: Orbitals Material
Replies: 4
Views: 48

### Re: Orbitals Material

Yes I believe that quantum numbers or s,p,d orbitals won't be on MT1 according to the email, so I don't think orbitals will take up much of the test? I thought he stopped towards the end of lecture #9 to say that what he has covered so far will be it for MT1 and then went on to discuss orbitals in m...
Sun Oct 25, 2020 3:59 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Disabling question randomization in Sapling
Replies: 3
Views: 48

### Re: Disabling question randomization in Sapling

Hi, because Sapling is still randomizing questions for me I just skipped the ones that weren't covered up to Wednesday week 3's lecture but I ended up solving 18/30 instead of the 19 questions that Professor Lavelle told us. I skipped all the electron configuration, periodic table trends, and orbita...
Sun Oct 25, 2020 1:25 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Sapling Randomized Questions
Replies: 5
Views: 35

### Re: Sapling Randomized Questions

I don't know about other people's saplings but mine is very randomized :( I have a Ephoton and Eelectron question for #25 and an orbital question for #11.
Thu Oct 22, 2020 7:24 pm
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: delta v
Replies: 6
Views: 77

### Re: delta v

Adding on to Sydney's explanation, I think delta v had to do more with the fact that the electron could change paths due to its entanglement with the photon which leads to varying distances of the path that the electron takes.
Thu Oct 22, 2020 7:14 pm
Forum: Properties of Electrons
Topic: Bound vs Free
Replies: 4
Views: 35

### Re: Bound vs Free

Sorry, just to clarify, do free electrons have more energy than bound electrons?
Thu Oct 22, 2020 6:58 pm
Forum: Wave Functions and s-, p-, d-, f- Orbitals
Topic: What is a nodal plane?
Replies: 4
Views: 40

### Re: What is a nodal plane?

Looking at the diagram, p,d,f orbitals will have nodes in which there is zero amplitude (no chance of finding an electron at that point). Nodal planes are on those nodes as if it were an extended cross-section.
Thu Oct 22, 2020 6:54 pm
Forum: *Particle in a Box
Topic: TEST 2
Replies: 14
Views: 524

### Re: TEST 2

705198479 wrote:what is the best studying method for chem?

For material in MT1, I also found it very helpful to spend time on actually understanding the equations because they represent key concepts and build off of each other :)
Thu Oct 22, 2020 6:46 pm
Forum: DeBroglie Equation
Topic: Calculate the de Broglie wavelength
Replies: 4
Views: 29

### Re: Calculate the de Broglie wavelength

Hi, I think that it would be most likely that there may be a follow-up from simply finding the de Broglie wavelength to justifying the practicality of the material based on the findings from the equation.
Thu Oct 22, 2020 6:42 pm
Forum: *Shrodinger Equation
Topic: The Hamiltonian
Replies: 8
Views: 126

### Re: The Hamiltonian

Thank you for your explanations--I also had a question about the hamiltonian. I understand that it is a double derivative but I searched it up and read that it was the total energy(?) which I don't understand. Is the hamiltonian just a mathematical symbol or is it representing the energy?
Sun Oct 18, 2020 4:40 am
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Study Advice
Replies: 50
Views: 295

### Re: Study Advice

To anyone who has gone to workshops, are the problems that they give you much harder than the homework questions?
Thu Oct 15, 2020 10:35 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Photon vs Quantum
Replies: 7
Views: 79

### Photon vs Quantum

Hi, so I am aware that the two terms photon and quantum are essentially the smallest possible particle of a substance, but how are the two terms different? Can we use them interchangeably?
Thu Oct 15, 2020 10:19 pm
Forum: *Black Body Radiation
Topic: What is Black Body?
Replies: 35
Views: 565

### Re: What is Black Body?

So theoretically, would it be black...?
Thu Oct 15, 2020 3:43 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Defining eV
Replies: 5
Views: 68

### Re: Defining eV

Would there be an equation for this topic that would not be on the formula sheet but one that we would have to know?
Thu Oct 15, 2020 3:42 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Frequency vs. Intensity
Replies: 16
Views: 131

### Re: Frequency vs. Intensity

No matter how many photons there are (high intensity), if each photon does not have enough energy, electrons won't be emitted. Simply, if there's a certain threshold that must be passed for something to happen, having tons of things just under that threshold won't cause anything to occur.
Tue Oct 13, 2020 9:13 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Electric Field Vectors
Replies: 4
Views: 47

### Re: Electric Field Vectors

Oh I see. Thanks :)
Fri Oct 09, 2020 4:57 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Electric Field Vectors
Replies: 4
Views: 47

### Re: Electric Field Vectors

Hi! I also have a question relating to this: Does this mean that only the electric fields have direction as vector quantities while magnetic fields do not? Thank you!
Thu Oct 08, 2020 12:42 am
Forum: Bond Lengths & Energies
Topic: Bond Length
Replies: 22
Views: 360

### Re: Bond Length

So would that mean that breaking a triple bond would release the most amount of energy?
Wed Oct 07, 2020 1:35 am
Forum: Balancing Chemical Reactions
Topic: Fractions
Replies: 34
Views: 566

### Re: Fractions

I definitely agree that stoichiometric coefficients should be integers, but would there be a case where the question would tell us to leave it as a fraction?
Wed Oct 07, 2020 1:28 am
Forum: Accuracy, Precision, Mole, Other Definitions
Topic: E15
Replies: 6
Views: 75

### Re: E15

Hi!

Just to add on, Calcium as a sulfide would be CaS because a Calcium ion has a positive charge of 2 (Ca2+) and Sulfide ion has a negative charge of 2 (S2-) :)
Tue Oct 06, 2020 3:08 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Excess Reactant Help [ENDORSED]
Replies: 3
Views: 50

### Re: Excess Reactant Help[ENDORSED]

Hi, You would first figure out the moles of the limiting reactant and then balance the equation to find out the mole ratio of each reactant in the chemical reaction. Then, assuming that all of the limiting reactant is used up, we would be able to find out how much of the reactant in excess would be ...
Tue Oct 06, 2020 3:01 pm
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Fundamental G.13
Replies: 4
Views: 53

### Re: Fundamental G.13

Hi Stella! I think that the comment made above covered the solution to your question but just to add: one important thing to remember when solving these types of questions asking about the amount of moles a diluted solution has is that moles of solute will not change no matter how diluted the soluti...
Mon Oct 05, 2020 9:40 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Students in different time zones [ENDORSED]
Replies: 27
Views: 1398

### Re: Students in different time zones[ENDORSED]

6 Korea

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