Search found 59 matches

by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 17, 2021 11:58 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Increasing pressure
Replies: 20
Views: 52

Re: Increasing pressure

Inert gas is not chemically reactive. It will not react with any of the reactants or products and therefore not change their concentrations.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 17, 2021 11:56 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: equilibrium shifts: left of right?
Replies: 13
Views: 26

Re: equilibrium shifts: left of right?

The reaction will shift to the right towards the products because it has fallen out of equilibrium and will form more product until the original product to reactant ratio is reached again.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 17, 2021 11:53 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Week 1 Sapling 10
Replies: 8
Views: 30

Re: Week 1 Sapling 10

That's not what I got, but we might have different numbers. Could you give more information?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 17, 2021 11:52 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Ka and Kb relationship
Replies: 5
Views: 17

Ka and Kb relationship

In one of the lectures, Prof Lavelle said that as Ka increases, Kb decreases. Can someone please explain why exactly this is and how this applies conceptually?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 17, 2021 11:49 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Comfort Movies
Replies: 110
Views: 247

Re: Comfort Movies

Definitely old Disney and Disney Channel Original movies! Also, I love chick flicks like Clueless or Legally Blonde.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 10, 2021 8:59 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 8520
Views: 1472219

Re: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here

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by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 10, 2021 8:54 pm
Forum: Non-Equilibrium Conditions & The Reaction Quotient
Topic: Q and K relationship
Replies: 12
Views: 42

Q and K relationship

I still don't quite understand how to determine which way a reaction is going to go from calculating the Q. Can someone please explain to me why when Q<K, we know that the forward reaction is favored and when Q>K, the reverse reaction is favored?

Thanks!
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 10, 2021 8:51 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Removing product
Replies: 5
Views: 17

Removing product

In a lecture example, Dr. Lavelle asked how to increase the yield of a product without adding more reactants, and the answer was to remove some product. Can someone please explain to me why this is?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 10, 2021 8:47 pm
Forum: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle to Changes in Chemical & Physical Conditions
Topic: Adding Helium
Replies: 10
Views: 26

Re: Adding Helium

I believe adding helium does have an effect on pressure, but has no effect on the volume or the concentration of reactants/products because it does not engage in the reaction.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Jan 10, 2021 8:44 pm
Forum: Equilibrium Constants & Calculating Concentrations
Topic: Favors
Replies: 10
Views: 49

Re: Favors

When a reaction favors the left side, that means it's creating more reactant (ie "going" towards left). Same is true for vice versa.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Dec 12, 2020 2:52 am
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Textbook 2F.15: s-character and bond angle
Replies: 4
Views: 54

Textbook 2F.15: s-character and bond angle

"Noting that the bond angle of an sp3 hybridized atom is 109.58 and that of an sp2 hybridized atom is 1208, do you expect the bond angle between two hybrid orbitals to increase or decrease as the s-character of the hybrids is increased?" The answer key says that the bond angle increases as...
by Elena Chen 2B
Fri Dec 11, 2020 3:50 am
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: Textbook 2.45!
Replies: 2
Views: 27

Re: Textbook 2.45!

Hybridization isn't determined by the number of valence electrons that each atom has but by the number of regions of electron density. So for example, a double bond, like the one in C=C, would be considered one region of electron density. If the atom has two single bonds and one double bond, then it...
by Elena Chen 2B
Fri Dec 11, 2020 3:40 am
Forum: Identifying Acidic & Basic Salts
Topic: Categorizing Salts
Replies: 3
Views: 35

Re: Categorizing Salts

If the salt contains the conjugate base/acid of a weak acid/base, then the salt will be considered acidic or basic. For example, consider ammonium chloride, NH4Cl. Cl- doesn't affect the pH of the solution because it is the conjugate base of a strong acid, but NH4+ is the conjugate acid of a weak ba...
by Elena Chen 2B
Wed Dec 09, 2020 12:37 am
Forum: Acidity & Basicity Constants and The Conjugate Seesaw
Topic: pH vs pKa
Replies: 9
Views: 104

pH vs pKa

Hi, can someone explain the conceptual difference between pH and pKa? I understand how to calculate both, but I'm not sure how they differ conceptually. Are they considered synonymous with each other?

Thanks!
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Dec 06, 2020 7:23 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 8520
Views: 1472219

Re: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here

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by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Dec 06, 2020 7:18 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Tips on determining coordination number
Replies: 5
Views: 32

Re: Tips on determining coordination number

Another good thing to remember when determining coordination number is to only look at the atoms/compounds included in the brackets. Anything outside the brackets is outside the coordination sphere.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Dec 06, 2020 7:15 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Chelates
Replies: 3
Views: 26

Chelates

How do we determine whether a complex is a chelate or not? Is there a certain way to figure that out or is there a list of chelates to memorize?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Dec 06, 2020 7:14 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Figuring Out monodentate, bidentate, etc
Replies: 5
Views: 38

Figuring Out monodentate, bidentate, etc

Hi, I still don't really understand what it means when a ligand is monodentate, bidentate, tridentate, etc. How do we determine the -dentate state of a ligand?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Dec 06, 2020 7:11 pm
Forum: Naming
Topic: Naming Rundown
Replies: 2
Views: 29

Re: Naming Rundown

We have to put the oxidation number at the end of the TM in parentheses using Roman numerals, so for example, cobalt with a charge of 2+ would be cobalt(II). Also, if the entire complex has a negative charge, we add -ate to the end of the TM name, but this occurrence is rarer. That's all I'm aware o...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 28, 2020 5:04 pm
Forum: Shape, Structure, Coordination Number, Ligands
Topic: Transition metal bonding
Replies: 1
Views: 24

Transition metal bonding

Do transition metals only form coordinate covalent bonds? Or can they also form normal covalent bonds or ionic bonds?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 28, 2020 4:57 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: sapling #10
Replies: 3
Views: 32

Re: sapling #10

The negative pole on a molecule is on the atom with higher electronegativity.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 28, 2020 4:57 pm
Forum: Hybridization
Topic: sapling #11
Replies: 11
Views: 64

Re: sapling #11

Hybridization depends on the number of regions of electron density of the atom. So for example, an atom with 4 regions of electron density would have an sp3 hybridization because it has 1 s-orbital and 3 p-orbitals.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 28, 2020 4:55 pm
Forum: Sigma & Pi Bonds
Topic: sapling #15
Replies: 24
Views: 136

Re: sapling #15

A single bond consists of one sigma bond, a double bond consists of one sigma and one pi, and a triple bond consists of one sigma and two pi bonds.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 28, 2020 4:53 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: dipole moments
Replies: 4
Views: 18

Re: dipole moments

A greater difference in electronegativity between two atoms leads to a higher dipole moment between them.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:31 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 8520
Views: 1472219

Re: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here

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by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:30 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Polarity from Lewis Structures
Replies: 6
Views: 28

Re: Polarity from Lewis Structures

It's helpful to draw out the dipole moments using arrows, with the arrowhead pointing to the more electronegative atom. If the dipole moments cancel each other out, then the molecule is nonpolar. If they do not cancel, then it's polar.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:20 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipole-Dipole
Replies: 10
Views: 42

Re: Dipole-Dipole

Molecules that are polar contain dipole moments, which means atoms within the molecule have significant differences in electronegativity. If two molecules interacting are both polar, then it is likely that there is a dipole-dipole interaction.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:14 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Seesaw Shape
Replies: 8
Views: 39

Seesaw Shape

Could someone please clarify how the seesaw shape gets created? Why is the lone pair taken from one of the equatorial positions?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 22, 2020 9:12 pm
Forum: Determining Molecular Shape (VSEPR)
Topic: Lone Pairs and Bonding Pairs
Replies: 6
Views: 39

Re: Lone Pairs and Bonding Pairs

The two lone pairs cause repulsion on the two bonding pairs, which affect the shape of the molecule and make it nonlinear.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 14, 2020 11:17 pm
Forum: Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)
Topic: Interaction potential energy application?
Replies: 2
Views: 13

Interaction potential energy application?

I was wondering what we'll need to know about the interaction potential energy proportionality (Ep proportional to (a1*a2)/r^6). I think I remember Prof. Lavelle saying we won't need to do any calculations with it, but what sort of questions will we need to use it for? Is it only conceptual?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 14, 2020 11:09 pm
Forum: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
Topic: Hydrogen bonding not in H2S
Replies: 3
Views: 17

Re: Hydrogen bonding not in H2S

Hydrogen bonding only occurs between H and N, O, or F atoms. I believe it's because the dipole moment between H and S is not large enough to reach hydrogen bonding.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 14, 2020 11:04 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: textbook question 2A.15
Replies: 3
Views: 30

Re: textbook question 2A.15

Ga is in Group 13 and therefore has 3 valence electrons. Due to the octet guideline, it can either lose 3 electrons or gain 5 electrons to reach desired 8 total. It's easier for an atom to lose 3 electrons than to gain 5, therefore causing it to have an ionic charge of 3+.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 14, 2020 10:57 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Midterm 2
Replies: 6
Views: 53

Re: Midterm 2

My TA told me that yes we will be using respondus on our laptops to take the test while logging into the zoom on a separate device. As for the questions, my TA said the amount will be different since there aren't really any calculations to do. She also said there won't be as much/any partial credit ...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sat Nov 14, 2020 10:50 pm
Forum: Dipole Moments
Topic: Dipoles vs Ions
Replies: 5
Views: 29

Dipoles vs Ions

Hi, can someone please explain what exactly is the difference between an ionic bond and a dipole moment, if they both have differences in charge/electronegativity between the atoms involved? What makes a molecule an ion instead of a dipole?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 08, 2020 11:20 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Electron-Electron Repulsion
Replies: 2
Views: 9

Re: Electron-Electron Repulsion

Hi, I believe electron-electron repulsion occurs between all electrons. If there are any differences in the amount of repulsion in different energy levels, subshells, etc, I don't think they are significant enough to make a difference.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 08, 2020 11:17 pm
Forum: Lewis Structures
Topic: PCl5 in Lecture 15
Replies: 3
Views: 18

Re: PCl5 in Lecture 15

Atoms in the third row or below of the periodic table can hold more than an octet of electrons since they can utilize the d-orbital to hold more electrons. Since P is in the third row, it is part of this exception to the octet rule. Other common atoms with expanded valence shells include S and Cl.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 08, 2020 11:14 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Effective nuclear charge
Replies: 5
Views: 46

Re: Effective nuclear charge

Effective nuclear charge is the pull on electrons by the nucleus due to protons in the nucleus (positive-negative attraction). So if something has stronger effective nuclear charge, its electrons are more pulled more tightly to the atom. Effective nuclear charge increases across a period, since the ...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 08, 2020 10:58 pm
Forum: Electron Configurations for Multi-Electron Atoms
Topic: E-Configuration
Replies: 3
Views: 16

Re: E-Configuration

I believe 3d always comes before 4s because electron configurations are labelled from lower energy to higher energy, and a lower shell number indicates lower energy. As for Ca, I'm pretty sure the electron configuration is [Ar]4s^2 because the d-orbital isn't reached yet in terms of the periodic tab...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 08, 2020 10:50 pm
Forum: Resonance Structures
Topic: Formal charges in regards to resonance strucures
Replies: 3
Views: 29

Re: Formal charges in regards to resonance strucures

I believe formal charge is allocated per atom, but the collective formal charges of all atoms in a molecule add up to the total formal charge of the molecule.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:15 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Sapling HW (Max Wavelength of Radiation)
Replies: 5
Views: 58

Re: Sapling HW (Max Wavelength of Radiation)

Since the work function is given and they are asking for the wavelength, use the equation E=(hc)/lambda to convert energy to wavelength. Then convert the wavelength units from meters (SI unit) to angstroms, which is given on the constants and equations sheet. I believe they give you the radiation in...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:06 pm
Forum: Trends in The Periodic Table
Topic: Nuclear Charge
Replies: 7
Views: 39

Re: Nuclear Charge

Yes, I believe that the nuclear charge is simply the pull of the nucleus. This is used in the context of periodic trends and ionization energy because protons and electrons are attracted to each other (positive and negative attract). When there are more protons in the nucleus, there is more nuclear ...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:03 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Wavelenght
Replies: 17
Views: 111

Re: Wavelenght

No, gamma rays have the shortest wavelength and therefore the highest energy.
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:02 pm
Forum: Quantum Numbers and The H-Atom
Topic: Ionization Energy Trend
Replies: 6
Views: 54

Re: Ionization Energy Trend

Ionization energy is defined as energy need to remove an electron from an atom. The further away an electron is from the nucleus, the easier it is to remove because of the lessened nuclear attraction. As you move up the periodic table, the shell number n decreases, meaning the electrons are closer t...
by Elena Chen 2B
Mon Oct 26, 2020 7:21 pm
Forum: Heisenberg Indeterminacy (Uncertainty) Equation
Topic: Measuring Uncertainty- Homework 1B.27
Replies: 4
Views: 66

Re: Measuring Uncertainty- Homework 1B.27

Jamie2002 wrote:Wouldn't the uncertainty be 10 m/s, since it is (5 m/s + 5 m/s) - (5 m/s - 5 m/s)?


I have this same question too. Is there a specific way to know when to multiply the +/- value by 2 and when to not when finding uncertainty?
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Oct 25, 2020 7:10 pm
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: midterm 1
Replies: 10
Views: 93

Re: midterm 1

I don't think so because I asked my TA and a couple UAs and they also don't know the exact number of questions (I could be wrong). But it should be completable within our 50 min discussion sections and it's all multiple choice :)
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Oct 25, 2020 7:07 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Textbook problem 1A.15
Replies: 3
Views: 37

Re: Textbook problem 1A.15

Yes you would have to convert nm to m since meters is the SI unit for length. Also, yes you would use the Bohr equation, though I find it easier to use E = (hc)/wavelength when needing to convert wavelength to energy (or vice versa) just because it's all in one step. You would also have to use the a...
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Oct 25, 2020 2:22 am
Forum: *Shrodinger Equation
Topic: Schrodinger's Wave Function and Equation
Replies: 2
Views: 38

Schrodinger's Wave Function and Equation

Hi, I was just wondering if anyone knew how much of Schrodinger's wave function and equation we will have to know conceptually and applicably for exams? Will we have to use the equation to calculate anything and if so, what might a question requiring us to do that look like?

Thanks!
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Oct 25, 2020 2:18 am
Forum: Administrative Questions and Class Announcements
Topic: Disabling question randomization in Sapling
Replies: 3
Views: 48

Re: Disabling question randomization in Sapling

Hi! I believe he was showing us the email that he sent Sapling to disable question randomization, not instructing us to disable it ourselves. So we don't have to worry about that :)
by Elena Chen 2B
Sun Oct 25, 2020 2:08 am
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: How are you studying?
Replies: 203
Views: 1292

Re: How are you studying?

Personally, I've been making sure to keep up with the lectures on the day they are posted. That way I don't feel too overwhelmed by new information on any given day. I also remember hearing that many of Dr. Lavelle's exam questions are derived from the textbook problems so I suggest doing them even ...
by Elena Chen 2B
Fri Oct 16, 2020 11:30 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 8520
Views: 1472219

Re: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here

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by Elena Chen 2B
Fri Oct 16, 2020 11:27 pm
Forum: Properties of Light
Topic: Wave model vs Photon model
Replies: 3
Views: 45

Re: Wave model vs Photon model

Yes, the model of the photoelectric effect refers to the photon model. If light acted as a wave in the photoelectric effect, then the energy of the light would increase as the intensity (amplitude) increased, but as we know now, that does not happen. Therefore, there must be an alternative model for...
by Elena Chen 2B
Thu Oct 15, 2020 6:08 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Finding KE of ejected electron
Replies: 2
Views: 51

Finding KE of ejected electron

Hi, I'm having some trouble with part C from the problem below. The velocity of an electron that is emitted from a metallic surface by a photon is 3.6×103 km⋅s−1. (a) What is the wavelength of the ejected electron? (b) No electrons are emitted from the surface of the metal until the frequency of the...
by Elena Chen 2B
Thu Oct 15, 2020 5:26 pm
Forum: Photoelectric Effect
Topic: Joules to Number of Photons
Replies: 1
Views: 32

Joules to Number of Photons

Hi can someone help me out with this problem from discussion section 2B week 2 practice? I don't understand how to turn the given joules into a number of photons. A lamp rated at 32 W (1 W=1 J⋅s−1) emits violet light of wavelength 420 nm. How many photons of violet light can the lamp generate in 2.0...
by Elena Chen 2B
Thu Oct 15, 2020 5:14 pm
Forum: Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy
Topic: Atomic Spectroscopy
Replies: 5
Views: 45

Re: Atomic Spectroscopy

Atomic spectroscopy supports the idea of light, not electrons, as particles (though electrons are also particles) because photons must match the specific energy levels of the atom (or molecule) in order to be absorbed/emitted. Otherwise, the light simply passes through.
by Elena Chen 2B
Fri Oct 09, 2020 3:11 am
Forum: Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions
Topic: Removing a part of a solution and diluting it?
Replies: 7
Views: 47

Re: Removing a part of a solution and diluting it?

Hey! Here's how I solved it. First, find the number of moles that was dissolved in the first beaker (converting grams to moles) and find the concentration of that beaker by dividing the moles you found by the volume they gave. Then, using that concentration, find the number of moles in the amount of...
by Elena Chen 2B
Fri Oct 09, 2020 3:02 am
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here
Replies: 8520
Views: 1472219

Re: Post All Chemistry Jokes Here

My high school chem teacher showed us this meme and this is genuinely still how I remember which ion is which.

chemcat_cations-58b5de303df78cdcd8df1558.jpg
by Elena Chen 2B
Mon Oct 05, 2020 4:03 pm
Forum: Student Social/Study Group
Topic: GroupMes for Chem 14A Fall 2020
Replies: 24
Views: 236

GroupMes for Chem 14A Fall 2020

Hey guys, I just wanted to start this topic so that all GroupMe links for Chem 14A fall quarter 2020 would be consolidated in one place and it would be easier for people to find them. Drop any groupchat links you have for your lecture or discussion! Whole Chem 14A groupchat: https://groupme.com/join...
by Elena Chen 2B
Mon Oct 05, 2020 12:49 pm
Forum: Limiting Reactant Calculations
Topic: Fundamentals M11
Replies: 3
Views: 56

Re: Fundamentals M11

In order to find the grams of the excess reactant, you convert the limiting reactant from grams to moles, then use the stoichiometric coefficients of the balanced chemical equation to convert from moles of limiting reactant to moles of excess reactant. This shows you how much of the excess reactant ...
by Elena Chen 2B
Mon Oct 05, 2020 12:36 pm
Forum: Accuracy, Precision, Mole, Other Definitions
Topic: Avogadro's #
Replies: 31
Views: 365

Re: Avogadro's #

Something that helps me remember the concept of Avogadro's number is thinking of it like the number pi. We know that whenever someone says pi, they are always referring to 3.1415... and so on. Likewise, when someone mentions Avogadro's number, they are always referring to 6.022 x 10^23 particles. Av...

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