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I understand that the nucleophile is the electron rich species that likes a positively charged nucleus. Does this mean that the nucleophiles have a net negative charge and are attracted to the positive charge on other elements?
This is very often true, but not always. For example, H2O has a net neutral charge, but because the O atom has a partial negative charge due to its large electronegativity, it can be considered a nucleophile as well. Other examples in the course reader include NH3 and NH2CH3.
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