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Usually the atom, for electrophilic addition, will go to where the double bond is breaking. For SN2, the atom goes to the spot of the atom it is replacing (if that makes sense). The transition state is kind of just making the mechanism into 2 parts so it is easier to visualize what order it occurs in.
Also, for electrophilic addition, we often have a main molecule with a double bond and a molecule with two elements. If a double bond is broken and an atom from the two-element molecule has been added, the other part of the two-part molecule will be added to the other side of the double bond.
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