Converting from Molecular to Empirical Formulas

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Nicole Jakiel 4F
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:28 am

Converting from Molecular to Empirical Formulas

Postby Nicole Jakiel 4F » Thu Oct 04, 2018 10:52 am

When converting from molecular to empirical formulas, do we just have to simplify in order to get the smallest ratio? For example, one of the homework problems provides us with a diagram of a molecule and asks us to find the molecular and empirical formulas (F 25, sixth edition). Just by counting the individual atoms, I can get the molecular formula, so do I just simplify this to get the empirical formula?

Hailey Boehm 2H
Posts: 71
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:24 am

Re: Converting from Molecular to Empirical Formulas

Postby Hailey Boehm 2H » Thu Oct 04, 2018 10:56 am

Yes, you can just simplify the molecular formula because the empirical formula is the simplest positive integer ratio of atoms present in the compound. For example, the molecular formula for butane is C4H10, while the empirical formula for butane is C2H5.

Ronald Thompson 1F
Posts: 59
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:25 am

Re: Converting from Molecular to Empirical Formulas

Postby Ronald Thompson 1F » Thu Oct 04, 2018 12:03 pm

Yes that is the way to go. However, if in a problem the molecular formula cannot be reduced then that is also the empirical formula.


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