## effective nuclear charge

$H_{\psi }=E_{\psi }$

1-D: $E_{TOTAL}\psi (x)=E_{k}\psi (x)+V(x)\psi(x)=-\frac{h^{2}}{8\pi ^{2}m}\frac{d^{2}\psi(x)}{dx^{2}}+V(x)\psi(x)$

Mallika Chimpiri 3K
Posts: 58
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

### effective nuclear charge

Can someone explain what effective nuclear charge means?

zachary_nhem_4I
Posts: 57
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:18 am

### Re: effective nuclear charge

Effective nuclear charge is the net nuclear charge after taking into account the shielding caused by other electrons in the atom.

Posts: 66
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: effective nuclear charge

The effective nuclear charge is the net charge an electron experiences in an atom with multiple electrons. Depending on the spins and the placement of electrons, the effective nuclear charge is often less than the actual nuclear charge.

zoedfinch1K
Posts: 57
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: effective nuclear charge

Think of effective nuclear charge as a ‘net charge’ of the valence electrons. It is the charge of the valence electrons after the shielding electrons are accounted for.

Venus_Hagan 2L
Posts: 82
Joined: Fri Aug 02, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: effective nuclear charge

The effective nuclear charge is the net charge of the protons in the nucleus after taking into account the electron shielding. If you take away some of the electrons, the amount of electron shielding will decrease and the higher your effective nuclear charge will be.

William Francis 2E
Posts: 81
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:20 am

### Re: effective nuclear charge

Effective nuclear charge describes the attraction between an atoms nucleus and an average electron in some shell, n. The effective nuclear charge is equal to the number of protons in the atom's nucleus minus the number of electrons in between the nucleus of the atom and a specified shell of electrons. These electrons between the nucleus and the shell of electrons in question are referred to as shielding electrons. Shielding electrons diminish the ability of the nucleus to attract electrons further away since they repel these same electrons.

Anokhi Patel 2B
Posts: 74
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: effective nuclear charge

Effective nuclear charge is whether the charge of the proton is positive or negative.