Reaction Quotient (Q)


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Lizette Noriega 1H
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:15 am

Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby Lizette Noriega 1H » Thu Jan 09, 2020 8:41 pm

Can someone explain the concept behind Q? When is it essential?

Michael Du 1E
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Joined: Sun Sep 22, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby Michael Du 1E » Thu Jan 09, 2020 8:44 pm

The reaction quotient is often asked for when the reaction is NOT YET at equilibrium. You will often need to solve for it when the problem states that there is an "initial concentration of ...", implying that it is not in equilibrium. Solving for Q is the same as solving for K and it is essential when trying to determine whether the reaction would favor a forward reaction (Q < K) or reverse reaction (Q > K). Let me know if you have any other questions, I hope I was able to help.

sarahforman_Dis2I
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Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby sarahforman_Dis2I » Thu Jan 09, 2020 9:10 pm

Lizette Noriega 1H wrote:Can someone explain the concept behind Q? When is it essential?


Like someone else said above, Q is basically a way for you to determine whether the reaction is at equilibrium. You calculate Q the same way that you calculate K. The only difference, is the concentration or pressure values you put in to calculate Q are not necessarily at equilibrium. This allows you to see
a) if the reaction is at equilibrium
b) which reaction is favored if the reaction is not at equilibrium (forward or reverse)

I hope this helps!

Leyna Dang 2H
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Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby Leyna Dang 2H » Thu Jan 09, 2020 9:44 pm

When a reaction isn't at equilibrium, you would try to find the reaction quotient, Q, in order to determine which direction the reaction will favor. When Q<K, the FORWARD (goes toward products) reaction is favored because the concentrations/partial pressures of the products are too low compared to reactants for equilibrium. When Q>K, the REVERSE (goes toward reactants) reaction is favored because the concentrations/partial pressures of the reactants are too low compared to products for equilibrium.

Junwei Sun 4I
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Joined: Wed Oct 02, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby Junwei Sun 4I » Thu Jan 09, 2020 11:34 pm

The reaction quotient Q is calculated in the same way with K using the same expression. However the difference is that when you look for Q the concentration/partial pressure values you plugged in are not yet at equilibrium. Reaction quotient Q is important since we can use it to determine which way the reaction is going to shift. If Q>K, it means that in order to reach equilibrium more reactants have to be formed and vice versa.

Ruth Glauber 1C
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:20 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby Ruth Glauber 1C » Fri Jan 10, 2020 9:15 am

It's just the way for you to determine whether the reaction is at equilibrium.

805291863
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Joined: Sat Sep 14, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby 805291863 » Fri Jan 10, 2020 9:38 am

It is a value you can compare to K to determine which direction the reaction is favored in to reach equilibrium

rohun2H
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:19 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby rohun2H » Fri Jan 10, 2020 9:46 am

Q is calculated in the same manner as K and used as a comparison to identify if given concentrations of a reaction are at equilibrium.

Catherine Daye 1L
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Joined: Wed Sep 11, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Reaction Quotient (Q)

Postby Catherine Daye 1L » Fri Jan 10, 2020 10:19 am

The reaction quotient is the rate of the equation when it’s not at equilibrium. This is important because you use it to determine which “direction” the reaction favors (towards products or reactants) by comparing it to the equilibrium constant K.


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