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Posted: Sun Nov 25, 2018 5:52 pm
What's the difference between a dipole and an induced-dipole?
Posted: Sun Nov 25, 2018 5:57 pm
molecules held in a polar covalent bond have dipoles. An induced dipole can happen to an element in a nonpolar covalent bond, when near a polar molecule, because the partial charge of that molecule will repel the electrons in the nonpolar molecule
Posted: Sun Nov 25, 2018 6:43 pm
This link shows a good representation of an induced-dipole.
Posted: Sun Nov 25, 2018 6:46 pm
A dipole occurs when there is one side of the atom that is more electronegative than the other. However, an induced-dipole occurs when a non-polar molecule interacts with a dipole and since there is a preference for electronegativity on one side of the dipole, the non-polar molecule will shift its electrons slightly toward the dipole thus making it an 'induced' dipole as the dipole that it is interacting with is 'inducing' the atom into a dipole.
Posted: Mon Nov 26, 2018 12:14 am
Why does the other atom induce the dipole? Why is this different then induced-dipole induced-dipole?