what is electron distortion?

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Alexandra Bartolome 2H
Posts: 102
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:17 am

what is electron distortion?

Postby Alexandra Bartolome 2H » Sat Nov 09, 2019 9:19 pm

I know that electrons in atoms or molecules can cause electron distortion in nearby atoms or molecules but what exactly is electron distortion? Why do ions with high electron distortion also have high polarizing power?

Jorja De Jesus 2C
Posts: 121
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:15 am

Re: what is electron distortion?

Postby Jorja De Jesus 2C » Sat Nov 09, 2019 10:47 pm

Atoms have electron clouds and electron distortion is when that cloud gets distorted. Polarizability is how easily an electron cloud can be distorted. So if ions have high electron distortion that means that their electron cloud is distorted easily, and as a result they have high polarizability or high polarizing power.

Jamie Lee 1H
Posts: 54
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am

Re: what is electron distortion?

Postby Jamie Lee 1H » Sat Nov 09, 2019 10:47 pm

Electron distortion is when electrons are not bound as tightly to the nucleus and each atom has a larger electron cloud and due to this loosely attached electrons, it is easier for them to shift around which causes the electron clouds to become more easily distorted. Ions with high electron distortion have high polarizing power because they are small charged cations and due to their small size, the nucleus is pulling on the anion's electrons strongly which is causing the distortion.

Shivam Rana 1D
Posts: 106
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:16 am

Re: what is electron distortion?

Postby Shivam Rana 1D » Sat Nov 09, 2019 10:53 pm

Electron distortion is when electron densities are shifted. This can only happen if electrons are loosely held so they can move more, or in other words, an atom that is more polarizable.


Return to “Interionic and Intermolecular Forces (Ion-Ion, Ion-Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Dipole-Induced Dipole, Dispersion/Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole/London Forces, Hydrogen Bonding)”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest