5 posts • Page 1 of 1
An induced dipole occurs when a molecule that would not usually possess a dipole forms a dipole due to integration with a molecule containing a dipole. For example, the polarity of HF induces a dipole in N2, a usually non polar molecule. The permanent dipole moment induces a dipole moment, and this is a favorable interaction.
In addition to the examples listed here, there are induced dipole-induced dipole interactions between two nonpolar molecules. This arises from a temporary dipole moment in a nonpolar molecule resulting from random uneven electron distribution, which in turn can induce another temporary dipole in a nearby nonpolar molecule.
An induced-dipole occurs when a temporary dipole occurs causing/inducing a dipole in a nonpolar molecule. On the other hand, a permanent dipole occurs when a polar molecule is always more elctronegative than the other molecule.
Who is online
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest