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Basically, an isolated system can't exchange matter or heat with its surroundings. The cloud-like drawing around the flask represents insulation, and it's meant to convey that heat isn't being exchanged with the surroundings.
In an isolated system, the system cannot exchange matter nor energy with the surroundings. So basically an isolated system is usually sealed, rigid, and has thermally insulating walls such as a thermos container. The image below visually shows the difference between the three types of thermodynamic systems.
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