isothermal system

isochoric/isometric:
isothermal:
isobaric:

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Tiffany Cao 1D
Posts: 94
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:03 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

isothermal system

Postby Tiffany Cao 1D » Sat Jan 27, 2018 4:30 pm

When a system is isothermal, does that mean that temperature is constant? Why does this also mean that change in internal energy is also 0?

Andres Reynoso 1J
Posts: 30
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: isothermal system

Postby Andres Reynoso 1J » Sat Jan 27, 2018 4:41 pm

Yes, when a system is isothermal it means that there is no temperature change in the system and thus the temperature would be constant. Only for ideal gases does this mean that the change in internal energy is 0 because, for ideal gases, and (Anything multiplied by 0 equals 0).

Sarah Maraach 2K
Posts: 31
Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:00 am

Re: isothermal system

Postby Sarah Maraach 2K » Sun Jan 28, 2018 1:12 pm

A good way to remember the types of systems is to break apart the word, so iso: same and thermal: temperature-related. Since the temperature is the same throughout the reaction, it would follow that Tf - Ti would equal 0. Then, in calculation, your change in internal energy would also be 0.

Yea Eun Lee 1H
Posts: 33
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: isothermal system

Postby Yea Eun Lee 1H » Sun Jan 28, 2018 3:26 pm

But when an ideal gas expands isothermally, volume increases and pressure decreases. Since volume increased, the system did work on the surroundings...so wouldn't work be non-zero, making the change in internal energy non-zero as well?

Manvir2K
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:05 am

Re: isothermal system

Postby Manvir2K » Sun Jan 28, 2018 3:51 pm

Internal energy is a state function, but work is not. Therefore, how the change in internal energy occurred doesn't matter since it will always be 0 in isothermal system. However, the path that work takes is important and needs to be calculated, since it doesn't always equal 0 in an isothermal system. the only thing we know for sure is that q=-w in isothermal system.


Return to “Thermodynamic Definitions (isochoric/isometric, isothermal, isobaric)”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest