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The question asks you to calculate an irreversible expansion from 4.52 L to 6.52 L under constant external pressure of 1.00 atm for part a. The answer to this should be 2.23, as the change in volume is 2.23 L and the pressure is constant, but the book puts it as 226 J. Why?
I believe the question is asking for the work done by irreversible expansion in which case is found using the equation W = P*delta(V). We multiply delta(V), 2.23L, with the constant external pressure, 1 atm, and get 2.23 L*atm which being a unit of energy is not in its standard form joules. To convert it to joules we multiply the value by the conversion factor 101.325J/(L*atm) and receive 226J.
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