Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

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Emma Healy 2J
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Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:45 pm

Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Emma Healy 2J » Sun Oct 25, 2020 10:35 pm

Hi! If the excess reactant is given, does that mean there is no limiting reactant? Or if oxygen is in excess, then would the other reactant be the limiting reactant?

RaniyaFeroz_1E
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Joined: Wed Sep 30, 2020 9:32 pm

Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby RaniyaFeroz_1E » Sun Oct 25, 2020 10:37 pm

Yes, if oxygen is in excess, then the other reactant would be the limiting one.

Jonathan Malau 1F
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Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Jonathan Malau 1F » Sun Oct 25, 2020 10:42 pm

To add to the post above, if an excess reactant is given, then generally there is a limiting reactant.

Geethika Janga 1L
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Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Geethika Janga 1L » Sun Oct 25, 2020 10:48 pm

I think if they mention an excess reactant, there will always be a limiting reactant and yes, if they state that oxygen is in excess and there is only one other reactant besides oxygen, then this reactant will be the limiting reactant.

Hannah Chang 3K
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Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Hannah Chang 3K » Sun Oct 25, 2020 10:51 pm

No, there will always be at least one limiting reactant in a chemical reaction. If there's no limiting reactant, then it means there's an infinite quantity of reactants, and the reaction would run forever. In a reaction with two reactants, either they are both used up simultaneously, or one is a limiting reactant, and the other is in excess.

Samudrala_Vaishnavi 3A
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Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Samudrala_Vaishnavi 3A » Mon Oct 26, 2020 9:20 am

Yes. It can be assumed that the oxygen is in excess means that the other reactant is what is limiting since all of it is being used up in the reaction rather than the reactant oxygen being not totally used up. For some of the questions we did, they just give you the weight of a single reactant, that is usually the limiting reactant, and the mass of the product so that you could find the percentage yield of that product, etc. If we don't know the masses of both reactants we can't compare their theoretical and actual mass amounts to find which is the limiting reactant so there should be some indication in this case of what is excess and what is limiting.

Nan_Guan_1L
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Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Nan_Guan_1L » Sun Nov 08, 2020 7:09 pm

Just to add on to the discussion above, I think there always is a limiting reactant. so if O2 is the excess reactant, you'll have to calculate which is the limiting reactant since it's not always the case where you only have two reactants. But I agree that there is always a limiting reactant in questions like these and you can almost always find it through the given conditions. hope this helps!

Irene Nguyen 2J
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Re: Excess reactant affecting limiting reactant

Postby Irene Nguyen 2J » Sun Nov 08, 2020 7:12 pm

There will always be a limiting reactant with an excess reactant! If there are two reactants and O2 is the excess, then assume the other to be your limiting reactant.


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