Vibrational Energy?

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Posts: 63
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:01 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

Vibrational Energy?

Postby ZoeHahn1J » Thu Jan 11, 2018 11:04 pm

How much does potential energy (as opposed to kinetic energy) of the atoms' positions in a molecule impact vibrational energy?

Sean Monji 2B
Posts: 66
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: Vibrational Energy?

Postby Sean Monji 2B » Fri Jan 12, 2018 11:23 am

I think the influence of potential energy (or the position) on an atom is similar to spring and pendulum physics, depending on the direction the atom is vibrating.
When the atom is vibrating towards and away from the other atoms, then it is similar to spring oscillations in physics. When the atom has no kinetic energy and is the farthest or closest position to the other atoms, all of the vibrational energy is potential energy. When the atom is at its fastest (greatest kinetic energy), it has no potential energy. If the spring is in between max and minimum speeds, then it has a combination of potential and kinetic energy.
When the atom is vibrating parallel to other atoms, it acts like a pendulum. Same logic applies as the spring in terms of total potential and kinetic energy.

Hope that makes sense.

Return to “Concepts & Calculations Using First Law of Thermodynamics”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests