W=-(Pex)(deltaV)


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Liam Maxwell 2E
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:07 am

W=-(Pex)(deltaV)

Postby Liam Maxwell 2E » Fri Jan 19, 2018 11:22 am

Can someone explain what the negative sign means on this equation?

LMendoza 2I
Posts: 41
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:00 am

Re: W=-(Pex)(deltaV)

Postby LMendoza 2I » Fri Jan 19, 2018 11:27 am

There is a negative sign in this equation because energy is being lost as work when the system is expanding and this causes the internal energy of the system to decrease.

Katie Lam 1B
Posts: 52
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: W=-(Pex)(deltaV)

Postby Katie Lam 1B » Fri Jan 19, 2018 1:27 pm

As the volume increases and the system expands, energy is lost as work so there is a negative sign.

Michael Cheng 1C
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Joined: Thu Jul 13, 2017 3:00 am

Re: W=-(Pex)(deltaV)

Postby Michael Cheng 1C » Fri Jan 19, 2018 5:56 pm

Wait, so is the work in perspective of the system?

Silvino Jimenez 1A
Posts: 52
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Re: W=-(Pex)(deltaV)

Postby Silvino Jimenez 1A » Sat Jan 20, 2018 12:24 pm

Yes, when a system does work, work leaves the system -- resulting in a net loss of work from the "perspective of the system."

Diego Zavala 2I
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Re: W=-(Pex)(deltaV)

Postby Diego Zavala 2I » Sun Jan 21, 2018 8:46 pm

The negative sign is relative. Because we are calculating the work that the system performed on, say, a piston, the work represents the energy that was lost or gained by the system.

If the final volume increased (expansion), then the system did work and, hence, the system lost energy
If the final volume decreased (compression), then work was done on the system and, thus, the system gained energy


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