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Question 3b on the test

Posted: Fri Feb 02, 2018 1:41 pm
by Fenared Ortiz 3K
The question stated :
A balloon filled with gas is expanded to a larger volume and lower pressure while maintaining the same temperature.

I was confused on how to Approach this question, is heat being transferred?

Re: Question 3b on the test

Posted: Fri Feb 02, 2018 2:07 pm
by Andy Nguyen 1A
Since the system is isothermal, we know that the change in internal energy is 0. So q+w=0, and q=-w. Since the balloon is expanding its volume against a changing pressure, work is being done. This also means that the energy lost during work is gained as heat, because the internal energy must stay 0. So heat is transfered in the system.

Re: Question 3b on the test

Posted: Sat Feb 03, 2018 12:24 pm
by Christine Wastila 1H
The question asked if work was done. We know this is true for this situation because W=-PdeltaV. Since the volume of the balloon decreased, deltaV is negative, which shows that work was done on the system (the balloon).

Re: Question 3b on the test

Posted: Sat Feb 03, 2018 1:57 pm
by Cristina Sarmiento 1E
The isothermal reaction tells us that internal energy is equal to 0, which means q = -w. Since the temperature stayed constant while there was work being done, we know that there was a heat transfer from the surroundings into the system to maintain the temperature.

Re: Question 3b on the test

Posted: Mon Feb 05, 2018 2:48 pm
by Sarah 2F
Temperature is increasing because the volume and pressure is changing in the balloon. The temperature may be the same but because of the change in P and V a little bit goes in and out so the temperature in the end is no change.