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I was on chemistry community and I came across a UA worksheet on which the equation ∆U = 3/2nR∆T was used to solve for internal energy. I don't remember learning this in lecture and this equation isn't on the equation sheet, so should we know this equation? If so, when can we use this equation as opposed to ∆U = w + q?
I remember learning in physics this equation relates internal energy to temperature. I don't think we will have to use this equation on any test to calculate anything but we might have to understand what the equation. I generally think of this equation when an isothermal process comes into play ... we know that the temperature stays constant by definition so we also know that the internal energy will stay constant. If this equation is taken more in depth it can also be a way of relating kinetic energy of particles to internal energy which makes sense ... but I don't think we'll need to calculate anything with this equation on any test.
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