Constant Pressure


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ng1D
Posts: 43
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:17 am

Constant Pressure

Postby ng1D » Sun Feb 02, 2020 7:38 pm

When a reaction has a constant pressure, why is PdeltaV insignificant when the reaction involves solids and liquids?

madawy
Posts: 81
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Constant Pressure

Postby madawy » Sun Feb 02, 2020 7:44 pm

When there's a reaction at constant pressure that involves solids and liquids, a change in volume will be insignificant because V of the reactants will equal (or almost equal) V of the products. ΔV=0, so PΔV=0. Also, there is no expansion work. Thus, with constant pressure, for a reaction that involves solids and liquids, ΔU=ΔH through the First Law of Thermodynamics.
Under constant pressure with no expansion work for reactions involving solids and liquids (w=0):
ΔU = q+w = q = ΔH

Fatemah Yacoub 1F
Posts: 114
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Constant Pressure

Postby Fatemah Yacoub 1F » Sun Feb 02, 2020 8:00 pm

This is because for reactions with solids or liquids there are no volume changes as compared to a gas that is able to expand and change its volume relatively easily.


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