Vibrational Energy State

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Frenz Cabison 1B
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:07 am

Vibrational Energy State

Postby Frenz Cabison 1B » Sun Feb 11, 2018 5:34 pm

I get that heavy molecules have higher "vibrational energy state." What exactly is vibrational energy state and how does it contribute to the molecule's entropy?

Ozhen Atoyan 1F
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Re: Vibrational Energy State

Postby Ozhen Atoyan 1F » Sun Feb 11, 2018 6:30 pm

Vibrational energy contributes to the increase in molar entropy, because when the molecules vibrate they are moving and causing disorder. Entropy can be thought of as the disorder in a system.

Julianna Thrasher 1B
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Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:00 am

Re: Vibrational Energy State

Postby Julianna Thrasher 1B » Sun Feb 11, 2018 8:37 pm

This is in section 9.7 of the textbook. Vibrational energy levels are due to how close the atoms are since the closer the atoms are, the closer the allowed energies of the atoms are. You can think of vibrational energy levels as rotational energy levels as we learned in Chem 14B when we learned about the n sub shells with n = 1, 2, 3, etc., since molecules are not in one rigid form, yet they vibrate and rotate around each other in the substance.

Katie Blann 1E
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Joined: Tue Nov 15, 2016 3:00 am

Re: Vibrational Energy State

Postby Katie Blann 1E » Sun Feb 11, 2018 9:29 pm

To add on to this heavier molecules have more vibrational energy states which means more disorder. As well as more complex molecules have more entropy or disorder.

Veritas Kim 2L
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:05 am

Re: Vibrational Energy State

Postby Veritas Kim 2L » Mon Feb 12, 2018 8:42 pm

Entropy is the amount of disorder in the universe and the more complex and higher the mass (heavier), it is going to create much more vibrational energy which adds more disorder.

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