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Posted: Tue Feb 05, 2019 1:01 pm
What is a microstate and how does it relate to entropy?
Posted: Tue Feb 05, 2019 1:33 pm
From what I understand from lecture, a microstate is a specific arrangement of molecules, a specific set of positions for each molecule in a sample. The more possible microstates or arrangements there are for a sample, the more entropy that sample has.
(If anyone wants to correct/add to that, pls do)
Posted: Tue Feb 05, 2019 2:44 pm
Microstates are specific ways in which the energy of a system can be arranged. The multiple ways the energy can be arranged depends on the atom/molecule arrangements. Entropy is the measure of uncertainty in a system, so the more microstates there are, the higher the entropy.
Posted: Tue Feb 05, 2019 3:25 pm
Knowing the number of microstates gives you the W value to use in the equation S=kB*ln(W).
Posted: Tue Feb 05, 2019 4:14 pm
According to Boltzmann’s equation S=k*ln(W), where W is the degeneracy, what I understand to be the number of possible microstates of the same energy level, more the number of microstates with the same energy level higher the entropy value.
Posted: Fri Feb 15, 2019 1:21 pm
A microstate is a specific arrangement of molecules. Degeneracy is the number of possible microstates/arrangements of a group of molecules, and entropy is calculated using degeneracy.
Posted: Fri Feb 15, 2019 1:23 pm
it is a specific arrangement of the molecules. different micro states have different energy levels and having multiple micro states increases the entropy of a system
Posted: Fri Feb 15, 2019 1:37 pm
When there are more microstates, there is increased entropy. This is because there is greater positional/residual vibration between molecules and that lends to greater disorder.