Boltzmann Equation for Entropy:
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In order to know how many micro-states a molecule has, you have to know its Lewis structure and molecular geometry. Once you know its molecular geometry, think about how you can rotate the molecule/move atoms around such that you haven't changed the molecule itself. For example, FClO3 is tetrahedral shaped and you can move the F atom around 4 different times into different orientations, without actually changing what the molecule is. So, it has 4 micro-states.
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