Residual Entropy

Boltzmann Equation for Entropy:

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

Riya Sood 4G
Posts: 160
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:18 am

Residual Entropy

Postby Riya Sood 4G » Tue Feb 11, 2020 6:58 pm

How can we define residual entropy? And what does it tell us?

DarrenKim_1H
Posts: 123
Joined: Fri Sep 20, 2019 12:17 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

Re: Residual Entropy

Postby DarrenKim_1H » Tue Feb 11, 2020 8:10 pm

residual entropy is the remaining entropy left in molecules at 0 K

805097738
Posts: 180
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:20 am

Re: Residual Entropy

Postby 805097738 » Tue Feb 11, 2020 9:52 pm

DarrenKim_3G wrote:residual entropy is the remaining entropy left in molecules at 0 K


what does that mean? and when will we use this?

Junwei Sun 4I
Posts: 125
Joined: Wed Oct 02, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Residual Entropy

Postby Junwei Sun 4I » Thu Feb 13, 2020 9:00 pm

Residual entropy is essentially the entropy due to positions. A perfectly ordered crystal has an entropy of zero at 0K because it has no thermal entropy neither positional entropy.

Diana_Diep2I
Posts: 130
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Residual Entropy

Postby Diana_Diep2I » Fri Feb 14, 2020 9:42 pm

It is the only entropy that is left after you take out all types of entropy like thermal entropy. When you reduce the temperature and try to get to 0 Kelvin, the molecules would not be in motion. The only entropy that would be left is the positional entropy. One molecule could be in multiple orientations and that is the residual entropy. If it is a perfect crystal and is only in one, perfectly ordered position, the entropy would be 0. But this isn't the case for many molecules so there is some entropy.

Sydney Pell 2E
Posts: 100
Joined: Wed Sep 11, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Residual Entropy

Postby Sydney Pell 2E » Sun Feb 16, 2020 6:27 pm

Residual entropy (the remaining entropy of molecules when thermal entropy is ignored) is calculated using the equation S= kB lnW.

Tauhid Islam- 1H
Posts: 64
Joined: Fri Aug 02, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Residual Entropy

Postby Tauhid Islam- 1H » Tue Mar 17, 2020 5:32 am

Residual entropy is the entropy that remains after molecules stop moving at 0 degrees kelvin. The entropy lies within the orientation of the atoms of the molecule.


Return to “Third Law of Thermodynamics (For a Unique Ground State (W=1): S -> 0 as T -> 0) and Calculations Using Boltzmann Equation for Entropy”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests