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Hi Ian Morris 3C! To answer your question, when the Gibbs free energy value is less than 0 (a negative value), the reaction will be spontaneous. However, spontaneity does not correlate with the time it takes for the reaction to complete. I hope this helps!
A reaction is spontaneous when Delta(G) is greater than 0, or a negative value. When Delta(G) is a positive value, the reaction is not spontaneous, and the reverse reaction is favored. Finally, when Delta(G) is equal to 0, the reaction is at equilibrium.
Delta G or the change in Gibbs free energy simply states whether a reaction will be spontaneous or not. A spontaneous reaction occurs naturally without input of energy. When Gibbs Free Energy is negative the reaction will be spontaneous
If the Gibbs Free Energy is negative--that is, if T*DeltaS is larger than Delta H or Delta H is negative--then the reaction will be spontaneous. The inclusion of T as a variable shows that as temperature increases, all reactions eventually become spontaneous
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