## Calculating G if H and S are gven

Kimberly 1H
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am
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### Calculating G if H and S are gven

Can someone please explain why we assume G is 0 when H and S are given?

whitney_2C
Posts: 74
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:28 am

### Re: Calculating G if H and S are gven

We aren't assuming that the Gibbs Free Energy is equal to 0, rather we are putting in 0 for its value to see when and are equal to one another in order to determine at what temperatures the Gibbs Free Energy would be negative (spontaneous reaction) or positive (non spontaneous reaction).

005199302
Posts: 108
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

### Re: Calculating G if H and S are gven

If we have the value when the system is in equilibrium and delta G =0, then we can find the behavior (in terms of spontaneity) for any temperatures above or below that value.

annabel 2A
Posts: 67
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

### Re: Calculating G if H and S are gven

Why can we use the same deltaH and deltaS to calculate deltaG at any temperature? (like in this problem: 9.53 Calculate the change in molar Gibbs free energy for the process NH3(l) --> NH3 (g) at 1atm and (a) 15.0 C; (b) 45. C (see Tables 8.3 and 9.1 for standard enthalpy and entropy of vaporization))

I thought that deltaH and deltaS would be different for different temperatures? Are the changes in enthalpy and entropy for a phase change the same at any temperature?