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Posted: Tue Mar 03, 2020 7:10 pm
To find the equilibrium constant at 150 Celsius, why can't you use △G=-RTlnK? Why do you need to use the Van't Hoff Equation?
Calculate the equilibrium constant at 25 C and at 150 C for each of the following reactions, using data available in Appendix 2A:
NH4Cl(s) --> NH3(g) 1 HCl(g)
Posted: Wed Mar 04, 2020 11:08 am
Data in appendix 2A is specific to the reaction occurring at 25C. Therefore, you can't use △G=-RTlnK for 150C, because the value of △G that you calculated using the appendix data will be different at 150C.
Posted: Wed Mar 04, 2020 3:49 pm
There are multiple ways to get the answer, Van't Hoff's equation is one, but you can use △G=-RTlnK and just change the T value when solving for K which would give you K at that temperature
Posted: Thu Mar 05, 2020 12:44 am
The data in appendix 2A is measured at STP (25 degrees celsius and 1 atm), so it would work to calculate it for the first portion of the question. However, at 150 degrees celsius you would most likely have to use the Van't Hoff equation. The only way you would be able to use the other equation is if you were able to calculate the Q of the reaction, but in this case you can't.