Posted: Fri Jan 29, 2016 5:09 pm
Are oxidation state and oxidation number interchangeable terms, or is there any difference between them?
Re: Oxidation state
Posted: Fri Jan 29, 2016 5:55 pm
The values of the oxidation state and oxidation number of an element are commonly equal, but there is a slight difference between the terms.
Oxidation state refers to the degree of oxidation of an element in a molecule, where the sum of all oxidation states of elements in that molecule or ion gives you the total charge.
Oxidation numbers are used in coordination chemistry and is used to refer to the charge on the central atom if all ligands and shared electrons were removed.