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14.1 Book HW

Posted: Tue Feb 02, 2016 5:16 pm
by 704578485
Question 14.1 involves the compounds Cr2O7^2- and C2H5OH reacting with an H+ ion to form Cr^3+, C2H4O, and water. After looking at the answer in the solutions manual it says Cr is reduced from 6+ to 3+ which matches my answer. However, it says C is oxidized from -2 to -1. I am having trouble understanding how you get that.

Re: 14.1 Book HW

Posted: Tue Feb 02, 2016 6:15 pm
by Ani Galfayan 1H
By looking at each atom individually, we can count the oxidation states and calculate the unknown. Breaking up C2H5OH, we know that each O has an oxidation state of -2 and each H, +1. We want the total to equal 0 so we do the following
2(C) + 6(+1) + (-2) = 0
C = -4/2 = -2
We do the same for C2H4O...
2(C) + 4(+1) + (-2) = 0
C = -2/2 = -1
therefore C is oxidized from 2- to 1-

Re: 14.1 Book HW

Posted: Tue Feb 02, 2016 6:39 pm
by Rachel Lipman
That makes complete sense, but say for question 14.3 where S is technically 2- as well as O, how do you determine that in SO42- that S has to have the oxidation number 6+?

Re: 14.1 Book HW

Posted: Tue Feb 02, 2016 6:53 pm
by Jacob Afable 3J
Rachel Lipman wrote:That makes complete sense, but say for question 14.3 where S is technically 2- as well as O, how do you determine that in SO42- that S has to have the oxidation number 6+?


Since the total charge of SO4 is 2-, Oxygen has a charge of 2- but since there are four oxygen atoms present you should multiply the 2- charge by 4 to get a total charge of 8- for Oxygen. In order for both the Sulfur and Oxygen charges to = 2-, the Sulfur needs to have an oxidation number 6+. 6-8=-2. Hope this helps. :)