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The oxidizing agent is the molecule that has the atom whose oxidation state decreases, due to gaining electrons (reduction). Meanwhile, the reducing agent is the molecule that has the atom whose oxidation state increases, due to the loss of electrons (oxidation).
An oxidizing agent oxidizes another atom, meaning that it gains an electron by removing an electron from another atom. A reducing agent reduces another atom, meaning that it loses an electron giving one to another atom. In essence, oxidizing agents are reduced, and reducing agents are oxidized.
The oxidizing agent is whats being reduced. and the reducing agent is whats being oxidized. You know if its being oxidized if it is becoming more negatively charged, and reduced if it is getting positively charged.
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