## Standard potential at cathode and anode

Elizabeth Bowen 1J
Posts: 53
Joined: Wed Nov 14, 2018 12:20 am

### Standard potential at cathode and anode

should the standard potential at the cathode and anode of a galvanic cell always be positive (which results in negative delta G--because of delta G=-nFE), because the 1/2 reactions should be spontaneous? If not, then can someone explain why/how the reaction could be spontaneous if the standard potential isn't positive for a certain half reaction?

Sebastian Lee 1L
Posts: 157
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

### Re: Standard potential at cathode and anode

For a galvanic cell to work and provide a spontaneous current, you do NOT need both (or any) half-reactions to have a positive standard reduction potential. Remember that for these problems you want to find the E cell of the OVERALL reaction. If the cathode has a higher reduction potential than the anode, then you will get a positive E cell. This means when you have $\Delta G=-nFE_{cell}$, the delta G will be negative for the overall reaction. Even if both the reduction and oxidation half-reactions have negative E0 values, the difference is what matters for the overall cell. If there is positive difference between cathode and anode, it should be spontaneous.