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A galvanic cell has a positive Eocell value, and therefore the redox reactions and flow of e- is spontaneous. An electrolytic cell has a negative Eocell value, so the flow of electrons requires an external source of current to cause the redox reactions to occur.
For galvanic cells, spontaneous redox reactions convert the chemical energy to an electric energy. For electrolytic cells, non-spontaneous redox reactions convert the electric energy to a chemical energy.
In a electrolytic cell, energy from an external power source is used to drive a normally non-spontaneous reaction. In a galvanic cell, chemical energy is converted into electrical energy. The redox reaction is spontaneous and the anode is negative and the cathode is the positive electrode.
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