Concentration Cells


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Aiden Metzner 2C
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:21 am

Concentration Cells

Postby Aiden Metzner 2C » Mon Mar 16, 2020 1:35 am

Why is the standard cell potential of a concentration cell always equal to 0?

Diana A 2L
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby Diana A 2L » Mon Mar 16, 2020 8:43 am

The standard cell potential is dependent on how different the concentrations in each of the half-cells are, as that is what generates the potential difference that allows a reaction to proceed in a certain direction. Standard cell potential is zero when the concentrations are the same because the reaction is in equilibrium, so it doesn't have any sort of voltage that allows the reaction to go in any particular direction. Its in equilibrium and doesn't have the tendency to favor either the reactants or products.

Daniel Chen 2L
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby Daniel Chen 2L » Mon Mar 16, 2020 1:48 pm

But doesn't the concentrations of the reactants and products in a concentration cell have to be different in order to generate voltage?

Tauhid Islam- 1H
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby Tauhid Islam- 1H » Mon Mar 16, 2020 4:45 pm

The concentrations of the products and reactants have to not be at equilibrium inorder to generate voltage. If we relate standard cell potential to the equilibrium constant, we get this equation at 25 degrees C: E=(0.0257/n)ln k

Owen-Koetters-4I
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby Owen-Koetters-4I » Mon Mar 16, 2020 8:20 pm

because the cell potentials of the cathode and anode are equal

Jiyoon_Hwang_2I
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby Jiyoon_Hwang_2I » Tue Mar 17, 2020 6:31 am

Daniel Chen 2L wrote:But doesn't the concentrations of the reactants and products in a concentration cell have to be different in order to generate voltage?


I think in a concentration cell the two electrodes are composed of the same solution, but they differ in concentration so voltage will be generated.

BAlvarado_1L
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby BAlvarado_1L » Tue Mar 17, 2020 10:16 am

the difference in the standard potentials is zero because they have the same standard potential, they're the same solution

BAlvarado_1L
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby BAlvarado_1L » Tue Mar 17, 2020 10:17 am

concentration cells always have a smaller delta E than galvanic cells because the difference in the standard potential=0

SVajragiri_1C
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Re: Concentration Cells

Postby SVajragiri_1C » Tue Mar 17, 2020 8:40 pm

Concentration cells have two cells where the same half-reactions occur, so when calculating the Ecell, the Ecells of each half-reaction would cancel each other out, since they are for the same reaction (except reversed).


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