Transition State Theory
Posted: Sun Feb 19, 2017 11:22 pm
How does the transition state theory directly relate to the rate of a reaction or chemical kinetics in general?
Re: Transition State Theory
Posted: Mon Feb 20, 2017 12:04 am
The basic ideas behind transition state theory are as follows:
1. Rates of reaction can be studied by examining activated complexes near the saddle point of a potential energy surface. The details of how these complexes are formed are not important. The saddle point itself is called the transition state.
2. The activated complexes are in a special equilibrium (quasi-equilibrium) with the reactant molecules.
3. The activated complexes can convert into products, and kinetic theory can be used to calculate the rate of this conversion.