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If a reaction is kinetically controlled, that means generally, the temperature is low so the reaction is not controlled by thermodynamic properties but by the kinetics or by the rate of products that can be formed. On the other hand, if a reaction is thermodynamically controlled, the reaction is controlled by the thermodynamic properties of the reaction, and that generally happens at higher temperatures.
An example that Lavelle gave in lecture was how carbon in the form of a diamond is not as thermodynamically favored as carbon in the form of graphite; however, because of the large energy barrier between the two forms of carbon, the carbon will likely stay in diamond form as becoming graphite would take a long time and would require a lot of energy. This reaction exemplifies kinetic control because it shows how the kinetic properties of the reaction ultimately determine if and how this reaction will occur rather than the thermodynamic properties
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