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15.85 Drawing structures for activated complex

Posted: Sun Mar 18, 2018 12:07 am
by mhuang 1E
Could someone explain how to draw structures for the activated complex and what is the activated complex?

Re: 15.85 Drawing structures for activated complex

Posted: Sun Mar 18, 2018 2:34 am
by Michelle Lu 1F
The activated complex is basically the transition state which is the state at which bonds are being both broken and formed. In order to draw the activated complex, you would draw the molecule with its changing bonds, inserting dotted lines where new bonds are forming and where bonds are breaking to indicate that it is in the transition of going through the reaction. The activated complex occurs at the highest, most unstable potential energy point of the reaction and is visually seen as the top of the peak of a graph of the reaction's progress.

Re: 15.85 Drawing structures for activated complex

Posted: Sun Mar 18, 2018 4:09 pm
by Ya Gao
The activated complex refers to the transition state. Based on reactants and products as given, the transition state can be figured out (which atom should be linked to which atom etc.)

Re: 15.85 Drawing structures for activated complex

Posted: Sun Mar 18, 2018 4:55 pm
by Phillip Tran
Activated complex is the transition state of a reaction. Basically, an electronegative atom breaks off from a molecule and a nucleophile comes to take its place. In the transition state, you would use dotted lines to represent formed/broken bonds. This is what people refer to as the double dagger