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Difference between instantaneous and unique rate

Posted: Wed Mar 06, 2019 2:03 pm
by Layal Suboh 1I
Other than the unique rates have coefficients in the equation, what is the difference between instantaneous and unique rate? What does it mean that the unique rate is the same for all reactants and products in that unique reaction?

Re: Difference between instantaneous and unique rate

Posted: Wed Mar 06, 2019 2:20 pm
by David Effio 1H
Looking at the equation, the instantaneous rate depicts the rate of either reactants or products at a very specific point in time. It is the derivative, and therefore the tangent line to the graph of the reaction. The instantaneous rate of a reactant and product can vary. However, the unique rate is the rate of an entire reaction, where all the reactants and products have the exact same rate, and therefore that rate is "unique" to that reaction.

I hope that helps/made sense!

Re: Difference between instantaneous and unique rate

Posted: Wed Mar 06, 2019 4:28 pm
by Danielle_Gallandt3I
They key difference is that an instantaneous rate is specific to each reactant or product within a reaction, whereas a unique rate is the same for all reactants and products within a reaction

Re: Difference between instantaneous and unique rate

Posted: Wed Mar 06, 2019 4:45 pm
by JadeSebti1L
As everyone said, the instantaneous rate refers to the rate of change in the concentration of reactants and products at ONE moment, given by -d(R)/dt. The unique rate of the reaction is the one average rate of the reaction taking into consideration that the reactant/product concentrations are all changing at different rates (UNIQUE RATE = −1/a (d[A])/dt = 1/b (d[B])/dt = 1/c (d[C])/dt).