Instantaneous and Average Rate


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Malia Shitabata 1F
Posts: 127
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:17 am

Instantaneous and Average Rate

Postby Malia Shitabata 1F » Thu Mar 12, 2020 8:07 pm

At equilibrium, the instantaneous rate is 0. Does this mean the average rate is also 0 too? Because I know they can be different for [R] and [P].

Daniel Honeychurch1C
Posts: 109
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Instantaneous and Average Rate

Postby Daniel Honeychurch1C » Thu Mar 12, 2020 8:12 pm

Average rate is measured over a time period while instantaneous rate is at a certain time point. If the average rate is measured while the system is constantly at equilibrium, then the average rate will be 0. However, if the average rate is measured when the reaction is not at equilibrium and then reaches equilibrium, the average rate will not be 0. The average rate depends on what two time points that its measured from.

Diana A 2L
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Re: Instantaneous and Average Rate

Postby Diana A 2L » Thu Mar 12, 2020 8:30 pm

Will average rate and instantaneous rate be the same for a reaction already at equilibrium?

805394719
Posts: 104
Joined: Wed Sep 11, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Instantaneous and Average Rate

Postby 805394719 » Thu Mar 12, 2020 9:21 pm

Yes, at equilibrium, the forward and reverse reaction rates are equal which is the reason there is no change in the concentration of the products and the reactants. Also, the instantaneous rate is a more accurate measurement of the rates of the reactants and the products as it takes the smallest time step. Therefore, the average rate should also be zero since for its derivative to be zero, the plot should also reach a point where there is no change.


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