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Postby Palmquist_Sierra_2N » Mon Feb 20, 2017 3:00 pm

For the first order reaction A-->3B+C, when initial concentration of A = 0.015 mol/L, the concentration of B increases to 0.018 mol/L in 3.0 minutes.
a) what is the rate constant for the reaction expressed as the rate of loss of A?
b) how much more time would be needed for the concentration of B to increase to 0.030 mol/L?

I don't understand the solution manual could someone help explain. Thanks so much!

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Re: 15.29

Postby feodora_r_3d » Mon Feb 20, 2017 8:50 pm

I think what the solution manual's trying to do is to find the concentration of A after 3 minutes. To do so, we need to use the data that is given. The question gave the concentration of B after 3 minutes and we know that initially, the concentration of B is none since the product has not formed yet. therefore the formation of B will be directly proportional to the loss of A.
Using stoichiometric relations (or coefficient in the reaction) we know that one mole of A would form 3 moles of B. Hence forming 0.018 mol/L of B would mean the loss of 0.018/3= 0.006 mol/L of A.
So after 3 minutes, the concentration of A would be 0.015 mol/L - 0.006 mol/L = 0.009 mol/L
Now that we have the initial concentration of A and the concentration of A after 3 minutes, we could use the formula
which gives

For the second part of the question, you could use the same method (to find the concentration of A if the concentration of B increases to 0.03 mol/L) and then use the same formula but changing t with k.

Hope this helps!

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Re: 15.29

Postby Nikola_Stojcic_3O » Wed Feb 22, 2017 1:41 pm

So for part B, would you again convert the concentration of B increased into concentration A through stoichiometry and then plug that back into the rate law?

Janice Kim 3I
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Re: 15.29

Postby Janice Kim 3I » Thu Feb 23, 2017 11:03 am

B is a product so the concentration of B increasing means that more product is being formed. Since .018 M of B is formed, using stoichiometric calculations, 0.018M B(1 mol A/3 mol B) = .006M A is lost because reactant concentration lessens as products are formed and product concentration is increased. Subtract this .006M value from the initial value given (in M) to get the concentration of A after 3.0 minutes. Now that you have [A]t, [A]0, and t(time), you can plug these numbers into the first order integrated rate law and solve for the rate constant.

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